Presentation on theme: "Warm-up Describe 2 regions of NC List five NC Counties"— Presentation transcript:
1Warm-up Describe 2 regions of NC List five NC Counties Make sure you tell me where they are located and why you consider them important.List five NC CountiesWhat is the capital of the state of NC?Where is Winston-Salem?
4First… Where is Winston-Salem? Well…that’s a little tougher and it depends…Correct Answers:Earth, USA, East Coast, NC, Forsyth County, 36° 6′ 9.95″ N, 80° 15′ 37.77″ W…the answers could be limitlessDepends on scale
5North Carolina’s Location Absolute Location: Degrees North latitude; Degrees West longitudeRelative Location: North Carolina is in the Southeast United States. It is bordered to the north by Virginia, to the west by Tennessee, to the south by South Carolina, and Georgia to the southwest. The Atlantic Ocean makes up North Carolina’s eastern border.
6NC’s Geographic Regions What is a geographic region?An area of land with similar features
91. The Tidewater Region Low-lying lands nearest to the coast Barrier IslandsLong chain of islands along the coast of NCLong ridges of sand, only tops of sand islands reach the surfaceMost are less than 2 miles acrossThe most famous of these islands are called the Outer Banks
12VocabularyBarrier Islands are separated from the mainland by five main soundsSound – shallow bodies of brackish water (salty and fresh)LargestAlbermarle Sound to the northPamlico Sound in the central portion of the state
17Estuary The point where the tide meets the mouth of a river Causes the sounds to be brackish (fresh + salt water)Rich in shellfish, fish, and many species of birdFlooded most of the year as a marshland
18Jockey’s Ridge – highest point on Eastern Seaboard, 114’ above sea level
19The Great Dismal Swamp (national wildlife refuge)
21Key Characteristics Higher in elevation, but flat Richest farmland in state1/3 of the state in areaLarge amount of farmlandMost rural area of the stateRivers flow southeasterly, into sounds or Atlantic
24The Sandhills Poorest soil in state Two uses for the Sandhills Golf Courses (Pinehurst)Military Bases (Ft. Bragg)
25Human Features First part of the state settled by Europeans Tobacco, rice, lumber were major exportsWealthiest region of the state until the end of the Civil WarCotton, peanuts, cucumbers, sweet potatoes, tobacco and soy beans, chicken, turkey, and hog farms = major exports todayMilitary Bases: Ft. Bragg, Camp Lejeune, Pope AFB, Cherry Point Marine Air Station
29Why did erosion occur?The piedmont’s red clay erodes so easily because the region is so hilly.Coastal plain is lower in elevation, Blue Ridge is higher
30Fall Line Separates the Piedmont from the Coastal Plain Area where piedmont land drops to the lower land of the Coastal PlainThis is the area where rivers flowing out of the piedmont actually go down their last hillCharacterized by a small waterfall or rocks
32Rivers of the Piedmont Yadkin Pee Dee Catawba Flow to Charleston, SC, not through the fall lineWhat were the effects of these rivers flowing to SC instead of the Coastal Plain?
33Human Features First region of the state to industrialize Rivers that were too shallow and rocky for transportation were used for powerTextiles, furniture, and tobacco factories dominated the regionMost urbanized area of the state todayTriangle = Raleigh, Durham, Chapel HillTriad = HPC, W-S, G’boroMetrolina = Charlotte Area
34Current IssuesDecline in manufacturing, textiles, and tobacco in the 1990sRegion turned to new areasCharlotte = BankingWinston-Salem = Medical IndustryTriangle = Medical and ResearchResearch Park, Raleigh
40Human Features Most sparsely populated region of NC Small isolated farms on “bottom land” near rivers and streamsApples, livestock and Christmas trees are major exports, along with minerals, lumber and forest products (paper pulp)Tourism is the region’s major industryHiking, mountain biking, rafting, kayaking, fishing
47The Cape Fear River Flows through Fayetteville to Wilmington Greensboro is located in the river’s basinCompletely contained in the state of NCLargest in stateMain source of transportation in state during colonial period
48NC Climate NC is located in a Warm Temperate Zone Temperatures change based on region and elevationCoastal Plain = lows in mid-forties in January to low-nineties in AugustMountains = lows around thirty in January to the low-eighties in AugustPiedmont = somewhere in between