Presentation on theme: "China. Geography China has huge deserts, fertile farmland, and some of the world’s largest rivers."— Presentation transcript:
Geography China has huge deserts, fertile farmland, and some of the world’s largest rivers
Population: 1.2 Billion
Percentage of Population Without Reasonable Access to Safe Drinking Water Reasonable access to safe drinking water is defined as the availability of at least 20 litres per person per day from an improved source within 1 kilometer of the user's dwelling.
Population Growth since 1000 AD
Rivers Yellow River (Huang He) Beginning of Chinese Civilization Yangtze (Chang Jiang) 3950 miles long World’s 3 rd longest*
Ancient China Dynasties : Xia Dynasty About 1994 BCE BCE Shang Dynasty 1766 BCE BCE Zhou Dynasty 1122 BCE -256 BCE Qin Dynasty 221 BCE BCE (Birth of “China”) Early Han Dynasty 206 BCE - 9 AD Xin Dynasty 9 AD - 24 AD Later Han Dynasty 25 AD AD Three Kingdoms - Period of Disunion 220 AD AD Sui Dynasty 589 AD AD Tang Dynasty 618 AD AD Sung Dynasty 969 AD AD Yuan Dyansty 1279 AD AD (Mongol rule; largest extent of empire) Ming Dynasty 1368 AD AD Manchu or Qing Dynasty 1644 AD AD
Terra Cotta Army: Qin Dynasty
Great Wall: nearly 4000 miles long
3 Regions: North China: – Best soil – Cold, dry climate – Manchuria South China: – Less fertile soil – mild, humid climate – Rice, tea, cotton, citrus Sichuan Basin: – Southeastern region – Good farmland – Valuable minerals
China’s people 94% Han Tibetans, Mongols, Uighurs make up remaining 6% 60 ethnic minorities
An Aging Planet
Development of Chinese language Over 3500 year- old writing system Uses symbols instead of letters Each symbol stands for a word Many Dialects, one written language
Grand Canal World’s oldest, longest canal
Canal Facts Started in 581 Sui dynasty Supplied troops and capital with food Over 1000 miles long Imperial highway built alongside
Confucius Born about 551 BC A time of war and disunity Developed a new moral code Recorded sayings called Analects, compiled by his students Guide to proper moral behavior
Confucius Say… Be not ashamed of mistakes and thus make them crimes Before you embark on a journey of revenge, dig two graves Everything has its beauty but not everyone sees it. Forget injuries, never forget kindnesses I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand. Respect yourself and others will respect you.
Confucian hierarchy of society Know your place!
Confucian values Respect for elders Take responsibility for actions Rulers should be most capable, not inherited Tests of Confucian knowledge required to work in government for over 1000 years in China
Revolution! Chinese Empire ends. Republic declared. Until 1949, Nationalist (Chiang Kai-Shek) and Communist (Mao Zedong) forces struggle for power. Sino-Japanese War (vs. Japan) China loses territory, independence. After WWII, China becomes Communist under Mao Zedong. America is not happy.
Taiwan Nationalist government and army flees to Taiwan Chiang Kai-Shek declares Taiwan to be the real China America supports Taiwan and does not talk to or trade with China until the 1970s! China still threatens to take Taiwan back; America threatens war if China attacks.
In the 1960s, Mao begins his “Cultural Revolution”. Millions of people die when angry brainwashed mobs tear the country apart. Mao’s Little Red Book becomes the most widely read in China. All other books burned
: Mao Dies On his deathbed, Mao brags that he had “burned more books than any emperor.” After Mao’s death, his friends were charged with numerous political crimes.
After Mao died, Deng Xioaping took control of China. He understood that Mao’s Cultural Revolution was a failure. Deng encouraged business owners to begin trading with foreign countries. Capitalism began to take hold in China. DENG XIOAPING Deng was named Time’s Man of the Year.
China today China is beginning to embrace capitalism, but is still communist. New president is Hu Jintao. His chosen successor is Wen Jaibao. We want to be China’s friend, but we don’t like the way they treat people.