Presentation on theme: "Sudan Eritrea Ethiopia Somalia Uganda Kenya Djibouti Tanzania Burundi Rwanda Seychelles Comoros Are these geometric or natural boundaries?"— Presentation transcript:
Sudan Eritrea Ethiopia Somalia Uganda Kenya Djibouti Tanzania Burundi Rwanda Seychelles Comoros Are these geometric or natural boundaries?
Landforms Highlands and mountains from Ethiopia to Cape of Good Hope Include Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya
3 subregions Great Lakes Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi Horn of Africa Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, and Somalia Islands off the coast Comoros and Seychelles Diverse vegetation within subregions (and even in single countries)
Where are most of the lakes and rivers located? Great Rift Valley Formed by tectonic plate movement Major lakes From Syria (in SW Asia) to Mozambique (in SE Africa)
Major Rivers Rivers White Nile Blue Nile Tributaries meet at Khartoum (capital of Sudan) Confluence: the junction or combination of two rivers
Lake Tanganyika Second largest freshwater lake in the world by volume Also the second deepest Which lake ranks first?
Seychelles and Comoros Located off the coasts of Tanzania and Madagascar in Indian Ocean Seychelles = 115 islands Most are uninhabited Humid and tropical climate Lush vegetation Rocky and hilly islands leave little farmland (~ 18%) Comoros = 3 islands Nov.-Mar. = “wet” season Monsoons, heavy rains, cyclones Apr.-Oct. = dry season Formed by volcanoes Cultivate sugar cane, ylang-ylang (for perfume), vanilla, cloves, and tropical plants
Compare the two: Do you notice any patterns?
Jamma River Gorge, Ethiopia Highlands of Burundi
Samburu National Forest, Kenya Zanzibar, Tanzania
Desert and Farmland Meeting in an area in Northern Sudan
East Africa has the second largest country (by land size) Sudan Recently (2011) split into Sudan and South Sudan after vote for independence
Population East Africa has three of the top six most populated countries on the continent Ethiopia Tanzania Kenya
Ethiopia Over 77.4 million people Life expectancy = 48 years
Tanzania Over 36.5 million people Life expectancy = 44 years
Kenya Over 33.8 million people Life expectancy = 47 years
What patterns did you notice? How old is the majority of the population? Which country has the most people under the age of 14? What do these patterns indicate?