Sudan Eritrea Ethiopia Somalia Uganda Kenya Djibouti Tanzania Burundi Rwanda Seychelles Comoros Are these geometric or natural boundaries?
Landforms Highlands and mountains from Ethiopia to Cape of Good Hope Include Mt. Kilimanjaro and Mt. Kenya
3 subregions Great Lakes Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi Horn of Africa Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, and Somalia Islands off the coast Comoros and Seychelles Diverse vegetation within subregions (and even in single countries)
Where are most of the lakes and rivers located? Great Rift Valley Formed by tectonic plate movement Major lakes From Syria (in SW Asia) to Mozambique (in SE Africa)
Major Rivers Rivers White Nile Blue Nile Tributaries meet at Khartoum (capital of Sudan) Confluence: the junction or combination of two rivers
Lake Tanganyika Second largest freshwater lake in the world by volume Also the second deepest Which lake ranks first?
Seychelles and Comoros Located off the coasts of Tanzania and Madagascar in Indian Ocean Seychelles = 115 islands Most are uninhabited Humid and tropical climate Lush vegetation Rocky and hilly islands leave little farmland (~ 18%) Comoros = 3 islands Nov.-Mar. = “wet” season Monsoons, heavy rains, cyclones Apr.-Oct. = dry season Formed by volcanoes Cultivate sugar cane, ylang-ylang (for perfume), vanilla, cloves, and tropical plants
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