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Westward Expansion Ch. 6.

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Presentation on theme: "Westward Expansion Ch. 6."— Presentation transcript:

1 Westward Expansion Ch. 6

2 Why Go West: Push Factors
Civil War Eastern Farmland Costs Failed Entrepreneurs Race and Religious Persecution Competition for Jobs

3 Why Go West: Pull Factors
Homestead Act Settlers received 160 acres of land. Had to be 21 year old male or head of household. American citizen or immigrant filing for citizenship. Built a house and lived there at least 6 months a year. Farm land for 5 years in a row before receiving ownership. Opportunity to strike it rich Gold Rush!! expansion/videos#gold-rush

4 Transcontinental Railroad
Congress provided loans and land grants for private building of the Transcontinental RR. Pacific Railway Acts of 1862 & 1864 Union and Central Pacific RR 10 square miles to either side of track given to RR company RR company sold land closest to tracks Provided a way to ship goods across continent faster. ICC: Interstate Commerce Act Railroads had to charge all customers the same fee for shipping goods. expansion/videos#transcontinental-railroad

5 What Will We Do? - Miners Gold discovered at Sutters Mill California, leads to Gold Rush Towns spring up and merchants follow Some towns were “boomtowns” meaning they were there as long as the Gold and Silver was there. Originally used Placer mining Once surface ores had been mined big businesses came in and mined deep seams with dynamite and Hydraulic Drill. Many immigrants were used to do these dangerous jobs for low wages.

6 What Will We Do? - Miners

7 What Will We Do? - Ranchers
Learned from Mexicans Open-Range System Branded cattle, roamed freely, cowboys rounded them up and drove them to cow towns. Joseph Glidden invents barbed wire ending open- range system Gustavus Swift invents refrigerated railcar to ship meat more efficiently.

8 What Will We Do? - Farmers
Homestead Act Former Slaves looking for new life, “exodusters” Settled the plains and built sod houses Morrill Land Grant Act States sold land to create “land grant” colleges specializing in agriculture and mechanical arts Innovations Dry farming Windmill Barbed Wire

9 FUN MAPS!!! xpansion/

10 Native Americans Just when we thought Jackson had tortured them enough… Indians were restricted to smaller reservations Pioneers brought diseases which they had no immunities to

11 Native Americans: Indian Wars
Sand Creek Massacre Colorado militia v. Cheyenne and Arapaho (who were under U.S. protection) Battle of Little Big Horn Black Hills Gold rush brought people to Dakotas on Sioux hunting land. Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull lead Indians to drive out the settlers George Custer arrived early (trying to be the big shot) with 250 men (verses 2,000 Indians). Crazy Horse led the charge and killed Custer and his men

12 Native American: Indian Wars
Wounded Knee Came about in response to the Ghost Dance Government was trying to arrest Sitting Bull Confrontation ensued and Sitting Bull was killed Troops then went after Indians who fled Hostilities at Wounded Knee 100 innocent lives lost Ended the Indian Wars

13 Native Americans: Assimilation and Dawes Act
Now that you lost be like us… Policy makers hoped to assimilate Native Americans into White American ways. (page 167) Encouraged to go to boarding schools Accept alternate ways of life Dawes Act Granted each Native American family 160 acres of farmland Land would no longer be shared Granted American citizenship

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