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Bell Ringer Which line is the predator? Which line is the prey? What happens to the predator population when the prey population decreases? What causes.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer Which line is the predator? Which line is the prey? What happens to the predator population when the prey population decreases? What causes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Ringer Which line is the predator? Which line is the prey? What happens to the predator population when the prey population decreases? What causes the prey population to decrease?

2 T-Chart Main IdeaMy Details Predator-Prey Relationship -If prey population decreases then predator population decreases

3 Chapter 6 Humans in the Biosphere

4 The Effect of Human Activity Humans affect global environments through: Humans affect global environments through: Agriculture Agriculture Development Development Industry Industry Resources that are affected: Resources that are affected: Soil Soil Water Water Atmosphere Atmosphere

5 Agriculture One of the most important inventions in human history One of the most important inventions in human history Encouraged the growth of modern civilizations Encouraged the growth of modern civilizations Monoculture - planting the same crop in the same spot year after year. Monoculture - planting the same crop in the same spot year after year. Negatives: Negatives: Use of water, soil, and fossil fuels Use of water, soil, and fossil fuels

6 Development Americans live in dense populated urban areas Americans live in dense populated urban areas Too crowded  Developed Suburbs Too crowded  Developed Suburbs More People = More Waste More People = More Waste Negatives: Negatives: Consumes farmlands, destroys natural habitats Consumes farmlands, destroys natural habitats Waste affects air, water, and soil Waste affects air, water, and soil

7 Industrial Growth Inspired by the Industrial Revolution of the 1800s Inspired by the Industrial Revolution of the 1800s Needed to provide the United States with up to date technology Needed to provide the United States with up to date technology Negatives: Negatives: Requires A LOT of energy Requires A LOT of energy Industries have traditionally discarded wastes directly into the air, water, soil Industries have traditionally discarded wastes directly into the air, water, soil

8 Sustainable Development Sustainable Development - provides for human needs while preserving the ecosystems that produce natural resources Sustainable Development - provides for human needs while preserving the ecosystems that produce natural resources Should do more than just enable people to survive, it should help them improve their situation. Should do more than just enable people to survive, it should help them improve their situation. Examples: Solar Power, Wind Energy, Etc. Examples: Solar Power, Wind Energy, Etc.

9 Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources Renewable Resources - can be produced or replaced by a healthy ecosystem Renewable Resources - can be produced or replaced by a healthy ecosystem Example: white pine tree, can grow back after being cut down Example: white pine tree, can grow back after being cut down Nonrenewable Resources - Natural processes can not replenish them in a reasonable amount of time. Nonrenewable Resources - Natural processes can not replenish them in a reasonable amount of time. Example : Fossil fuels take millions of years to renew Example : Fossil fuels take millions of years to renew

10 Class Assignment Silently, list how humans are affecting the south shore or greater Chicago area environment. Give an example of each. Silently, list how humans are affecting the south shore or greater Chicago area environment. Give an example of each.

11 Closure Write the conclusion section for our class MEL-Con. Generate 2 ideas for sustainable development and how it might help solve the problems that we listed earlier. Write the conclusion section for our class MEL-Con. Generate 2 ideas for sustainable development and how it might help solve the problems that we listed earlier.

12 Bell Ringer What three human activities have transformed the biosphere? What three human activities have transformed the biosphere? USE YOUR NOTES USE YOUR NOTES

13 6.1 Review 3 human affectivities that affect biosphere: 3 human affectivities that affect biosphere: Agriculture- Farming Agriculture- Farming Development-Urbanization, creating suburbs Development-Urbanization, creating suburbs Industrial Growth-Factories, mass production Industrial Growth-Factories, mass production Resources that are affected: Resources that are affected: Soil Soil Water Water Atmosphere Atmosphere

14 6.2 Using Resources Wisely Key Questions: Key Questions: Why is soil important, and how do we protect it? Why is soil important, and how do we protect it? What are the primary sources of water pollution? What are the primary sources of water pollution? What are the major forms of air pollution? What are the major forms of air pollution?

15 Soil Resources Soil Erosion -removal of soil by water or wind Soil Erosion -removal of soil by water or wind Dust Bowl Dust Bowl Desertification- Process of farmland turning into desert Desertification- Process of farmland turning into desert Causes: Causes: Farming, overgrazing, drought, and climate change Farming, overgrazing, drought, and climate change

16 Soil Resources Deforestation -Loss of forests Deforestation -Loss of forests Leads to severe soil erosion Leads to severe soil erosion Trees help keep the soil in place, absorb carbon dioxide, and protects fresh water supplies Trees help keep the soil in place, absorb carbon dioxide, and protects fresh water supplies Over half the worlds old-growth forest have been lost to deforestation Over half the worlds old-growth forest have been lost to deforestation

17 Soil Resources How can we protect our soil? How can we protect our soil?

18 Freshwater Resources Humans depend on fresh water for: Humans depend on fresh water for: Drinking water Drinking water Industry Industry Transportation Transportation Energy Energy Waste disposal Waste disposal

19 Water Pollution Pollutant -a harmful material that can enter the biosphere Pollutant -a harmful material that can enter the biosphere Point source pollution - enters from single source Point source pollution - enters from single source Example: Oil spill or factory Example: Oil spill or factory Nonpoint source pollution : enters from many sources Nonpoint source pollution : enters from many sources Example : Run-off from the road or chemicals released into the air by cars and factories Example : Run-off from the road or chemicals released into the air by cars and factories

20 Main Sources of Pollution Industrial and agriculture chemicals Industrial and agriculture chemicals Residential sewage Residential sewage Nonpoint sources Nonpoint sources

21 Biological Magnification Occurs when a pollutant, such as DDT, is picked up by an organism and is not broken down or eliminated from its body. Occurs when a pollutant, such as DDT, is picked up by an organism and is not broken down or eliminated from its body. Travels through the energy pyramid Travels through the energy pyramid

22 Water Pollution What are the primary sources of water pollution? What are the primary sources of water pollution? How can we stop water pollution? How can we stop water pollution?

23 Class Assignment By yourself, work on the chapter 6.2 handout By yourself, work on the chapter 6.2 handout

24 Class Activity Individually, list a couple human activities that affect the south shore community environment. Individually, list a couple human activities that affect the south shore community environment.

25 Class Activity As a group, discuss the factors that you just listed. Group every factor into categories. As a group, discuss the factors that you just listed. Group every factor into categories.

26 Bell Ringer List two ways to prevent soil erosion. List two ways to prevent soil erosion. List 2 ways to reduce water pollution. List 2 ways to reduce water pollution. USE YOUR NOTES USE YOUR NOTES

27 6.2 Continued What are the major forms of air pollution? What are the major forms of air pollution?

28 Atmospheric Resources Atmosphere Atmosphere Absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation Absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation Provides oxygen Provides oxygen Regulates global temperature (without greenhouse effect, earth would be 30 degrees Celsius cooler) Regulates global temperature (without greenhouse effect, earth would be 30 degrees Celsius cooler)

29 Air Pollution Common forms of air pollution are: Common forms of air pollution are: Smog Smog Acid rain Acid rain Greenhouse gases Greenhouse gases

30 Air Pollution Smog - Gray-brown haze formed by chemical reactions among pollutants released into the air Smog - Gray-brown haze formed by chemical reactions among pollutants released into the air

31 Acid Rain Acid Rain Acid Rain Caused by releasing nitrogen and sulfur into air Caused by releasing nitrogen and sulfur into air Combine to form nitric and sulfuric acid Combine to form nitric and sulfuric acid Can kill plants Can kill plants Can change composition of soil Can change composition of soil

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33 Greenhouse Gases Come from: Come from: Cars Cars Cows Cows Industry Industry Homes Homes Agriculture Agriculture Definition- Carbon gases that are released into the atmosphere that contribute to global warming and climate change Definition- Carbon gases that are released into the atmosphere that contribute to global warming and climate change

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35 Class Assignment Pg. 182 #1-7 Pg. 182 #1-7

36 Bell Ringer Get your notes out and study for the 6.1 and 6.2 vocabulary quiz. Get your notes out and study for the 6.1 and 6.2 vocabulary quiz. (5 minutes)

37 Corners Activities After hearing the statement read by your teacher, please walk respectfully to the corner that you agree with most: Strongly Agree, Agree, Disagree, Strongly Disagree After hearing the statement read by your teacher, please walk respectfully to the corner that you agree with most: Strongly Agree, Agree, Disagree, Strongly Disagree

38 Statement #1 The laws against trading ivory should be lifted. This will improve the global economy and get the United States out of this recession. The laws against trading ivory should be lifted. This will improve the global economy and get the United States out of this recession.

39 Statement #2 Crops are needed in order for humans to survive. Even though growing crops can cause soil erosion and hurt natural habitats, humans should continue to grow crops because they are needed to help humans survive. Crops are needed in order for humans to survive. Even though growing crops can cause soil erosion and hurt natural habitats, humans should continue to grow crops because they are needed to help humans survive.

40 Statement #3 Humans are the main reason why some natural habitats are no longer able to support the plant and animal populations that were once in that natural habitat. Humans are the main reason why some natural habitats are no longer able to support the plant and animal populations that were once in that natural habitat.

41 Biodiversity Biodiversity- total of all the genetically based variation in all organisms in the biosphere. Biodiversity- total of all the genetically based variation in all organisms in the biosphere.

42 Types of Biodiversity Ecosystem diversity - variety of habitats, communities, and ecological processes Ecosystem diversity - variety of habitats, communities, and ecological processes Species diversity - number of different species in the biosphere, or in a particular area. Species diversity - number of different species in the biosphere, or in a particular area. Genetic Diversity - sum total of all different forms of genetic information carried by a particular species Genetic Diversity - sum total of all different forms of genetic information carried by a particular species

43 Threats to Biodiversity Five threats: Five threats: Altered Habitats- habitats eliminated for urban or agriculture reasons Altered Habitats- habitats eliminated for urban or agriculture reasons Habitat Fragmentation -development causes habitats to split Habitat Fragmentation -development causes habitats to split Hunting and the Demand for Wildlife Products- Causes extinction Hunting and the Demand for Wildlife Products- Causes extinction Introduced Species- Introduced Species- Example- Asian Carp Example- Asian Carp Pollution Pollution Example- DDT (Biological Magnification) Example- DDT (Biological Magnification) Climate Change Climate Change

44 Conserving Biodiversity Ecological hot spot- place where significant numbers of species and habitats are in immediate danger of extinction. Ecological hot spot- place where significant numbers of species and habitats are in immediate danger of extinction.

45 Class Assignment Complete the 6.3 worksheet Complete the 6.3 worksheet Use your textbook and notes Use your textbook and notes

46 Bell Ringer What are the five major threats to biodiversity ? (Use your notes) What are the five major threats to biodiversity ? (Use your notes) Who is responsible for these threats on biodiversity ? Who is responsible for these threats on biodiversity ?

47 Homework Review Take out your chapter 6.3 worksheet for review Take out your chapter 6.3 worksheet for review

48 Causes Deforestation Deforestation Air Pollution Air Pollution Water Pollution Water Pollution Development Development Industrial Growth Industrial Growth

49 Bell Ringer Explain why a paper company would say that deforestation is not as bad as people make it out to be. Explain why a paper company would say that deforestation is not as bad as people make it out to be. At least 3 sentences At least 3 sentences Use “Lorax” notes/worksheet Use “Lorax” notes/worksheet

50 Chapter 6.4 Key Questions How does the average ecological footprint in America compare to world’s average? How does the average ecological footprint in America compare to world’s average? How can ecology guide us toward a sustainable future? How can ecology guide us toward a sustainable future?

51 Ecological Footprints Ecological Footprint -total amount of functioning ecosystem needed to both provide the resources a human population uses, and to absorb the wastes that population generates Ecological Footprint -total amount of functioning ecosystem needed to both provide the resources a human population uses, and to absorb the wastes that population generates

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53 Calculating Eco-Footprint There is no universal method of measuring ecological footprints There is no universal method of measuring ecological footprints Makes calculating footprints very difficult Makes calculating footprints very difficult

54 Calculating Ecological Footprints Footprint Calculator Footprint Calculator Footprint Calculator Footprint Calculator

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56 Comparing Footprints According to the diagram, the average American has an ecological footprint over four times larger than the global average. According to the diagram, the average American has an ecological footprint over four times larger than the global average. Twice the size of England Twice the size of England More than twice the size of Japan More than twice the size of Japan Six times the size of China Six times the size of China

57 Key Questions How does the average ecological footprint in America compare to world’s average? How does the average ecological footprint in America compare to world’s average? How can ecology guide us toward a sustainable future? How can ecology guide us toward a sustainable future?


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