Presentation on theme: "The Chaparral Biome By Sarah Ziemba & Kathleen Mai."— Presentation transcript:
The Chaparral Biome By Sarah Ziemba & Kathleen Mai
Description Spanish word for “place of evergreen scrub oaks.” Region of dense spiny bushes. Many fires occur because of dry climate force adaptation of plants and animals. The smallest Biome. Grows between forest and grassland. Different terrain of flat plains, rocky hills, and mountain slopes.
Resources The Chaparral biome contains varying landscapes: mountain grazing fields, Ocean shores, Open dry areas with sage brush with hard leaves to survive the droughts, Farmland and its rolling hills Small forests as well Wide range of environments
Location Coasts of California Coast of Mediterranean sea Western and southern Australia Chilean coast in South America South Africa 30* to 50* N & 30* to 40* S latitudes or mid latitude
Climate Hot and dry summers. Mild and moist winters but not rainy. Can get very hot or near freezing. Temperatures range from 30F to 100F. 10-17 inches of rain per year (mostly in the winter). Many fires because of the heat and dryness. Similar to the Mediterranean area.
Facts about consumers Different animals live in the chaparral biomes including invertebrates, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and mammals. All animals have adapted to the long dry climate and the fires that come frequently. The animals are usually small and nocturnal. They do not need a lot of water.
Consumers Aardvark Ant California Quail Chipmunk Collard Peccary Coyote Fox Goat Great Horned Owl Hedgehog Javelina Lynx Mountain Lion Quoll Rabbit Rattlesnake
More Consumers Red fox Roadrunner Scorpion Tuatara Wallaby Weasel Zebra Butterfly
Facts About Producers The plants adapted to the climate in the chaparral biome. They have small hard leaves that can store water. Some trees have their leaves high off the ground to prevent being burned by the fire. Some of these plants include poison oak, shrubs, trees and cacti.
Producers Blue Oak Coyote Brush Common Sagebrush Fairy Duster French Broom King Protea Manzanita
More Producers Mountain Mahogany Saltmarsh Bird's Beak Olive Tree Torrey Pine
Endangered Species Plant: The Pinus torreyana is a plant that is currently endangered. It is a pine species that grows in California. It is endangered because they are being cooked in the sun and hit by storms. Animal: The California Gnatcatcher is an endangered bird that lives in the California chaparral. They like to eat sage scrub which has been burned so they are now endangered.
Environmental Concerns Wild fires destroy sage brush and forests containing food and shelter to most species in the Chaparral biome Major droughts in summer months Very small area in world for these species to thrive