Presentation on theme: "Career Development on Agribusiness Industry Col. Alejandro T. Escaño President Philippine Chamber of Agriculture & Food, Inc. (PCAFI) October 2012 12 th."— Presentation transcript:
Career Development on Agribusiness Industry Col. Alejandro T. Escaño President Philippine Chamber of Agriculture & Food, Inc. (PCAFI) October 2012 12 th National PESO Congress Baguio City
STRATEGIC ROLES OF AGRICULTURE AND FISHERY ECONOMIC – 15% of GDP direct, about 40% of GDP direct and indirect, most of domestic food, bulk of raw materials for agro- processing, and 10% exports.ECONOMIC – 15% of GDP direct, about 40% of GDP direct and indirect, most of domestic food, bulk of raw materials for agro- processing, and 10% exports. LIVELIHOOD/SELF EMPLOYED - Over 12 million direct jobsLIVELIHOOD/SELF EMPLOYED - Over 12 million direct jobs ENVIRONMENT - impact of water use, irrigation, deforestation, watershed, coral reefs, and climate change.ENVIRONMENT - impact of water use, irrigation, deforestation, watershed, coral reefs, and climate change.
Agriculture is an investment PRIORITY Agriculture provides food for people. Increases in agricultural output can lead to cheaper food, benefiting both the urban and rural poor, who spend more than 41% of their income on food (Philippines).
Importance of Agriculture Expenditure Group20032006 Food43.141.4 Rent/Rental Value of Dwelling Unit13.112.7 Fuel, Light and Water6.57.6 Education4.04.4 Personal Care and Effects3.93.7 Clothing, Footwear &Other Wear2.92.4 Medical Care2.22.9 Durable Furniture and Equipment2.62.7 Household Operations2.22.3 Alcoholic Beverages0.7 Tobacco1.10.9 Recreation0.5 Non-Durable Furnishings0.2 House Maintenance and Minor Repairs0.70.5 Taxes Paid2.11.6 Miscellaneous Expenditures2.61.4 Other Expenditures2.93.0
AGRICULTURE Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, Fiber, Tree Crops, Livestock, Fishery SERVICES -Banking -Transport -Storage -Trade -Insurance INDUSTRY Processing, Fertilizers, Plant/Animal Health, Machinery Farm Inputs Food & Raw Materials AGRIBUSINESS AND SECTORAL LINKAGES
The importance of agriculture & fisheries to the Philippine economy is greater than standard Gross Domestic Product (GDP) estimates because these capture only the production phase of value chains. This understates the importance of agriculture and fisheries to the Philippine economy. If the share of manufacturing (e.g. food and beverage industries) and service sector activity that is directly dependent on the existence of domestic agriculture and fisheries production is taken into account, then a different picture emerges. Agribusiness Supply Chain Players
Taking into account various multiplier effects, agriculture probably ‘drives’ about one-quarter (25 %) of GDP at this time, i.e. well above the 12-13% figure frequently cited (JICA) Agribusiness Supply Chain Players
Philippine Chamber of Agriculture and Food, Inc. (PCAFI) Composed of major players in the food, fisheries, agro- forestry, policy advocacy, distribution, processing in agriculture Vision A sustainable and globally competitive agribusiness* system that materially contribute to the Philippine economy */ Agribusiness system includes the entire stream of functions in the agricultural and fishery continuum.
GLOBAL OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRICULTURE Rising incomes and wealth in China, Taiwan, India, ASEANRising incomes and wealth in China, Taiwan, India, ASEAN Supply chain transformationSupply chain transformation Biofuels boomBiofuels boom Technology advancesTechnology advances (Life sciences + ICT) (Life sciences + ICT) Cross-border investmentsCross-border investments
H.E. Ma Keqing Ambassador of PROC in RP with PCAFI Chairman
China’s Achievement in Agriculture Farmers’ income increased By H.E. Ma Keqing Ambassador of PROC in RP 12 In 2011, farmers’ annual nominal income reached 6,977 Yuan/person, with 10.8% annual rate of increase during 2000-2011
PROC: 1347 million (by end of 2011) RP: 92.34 million (2010, NSCB) Farmland: PROC: 133 million hectare(2011) RP: 14.2 million hectare Farmland per capita: PROC: 0.1 ha RP: 0.15 ha Comparison of PROC & RP in Agricultural Sector Population & Farmland Population: By H.E. Ma Keqing Ambassador of PROC in RP
Comparison of PROC & RP in Agricultural Sector Grain Productivity- Unit Yield,Kg/ha By H.E. Ma Keqing Ambassador of PROC in RP PROC: Rice: 6693, Wheat: 4875, Corn: 5736 World Average: 4374 3000 5215 RP: 3677 2739
WORLD VEGETABLE CENTER IN TAIWAN MAUREEEN MERCOZZI – AVRDC Head Communication & Information
WORLD VEGETABLE CENTER GENBANK IN TAIWAN DR.ANDREAS EBERT – AVRDC GENBANK Manager
HAN KUANG VEGETABLE PRODUCTION COOPERATIVE IN TAIWAN TING-CHUAN LIAO - Chairman
BENCHMARKING AGRI GROWTH Philippines tailed in the 80s and 90s, and picked up in 2000s; private sector-led (% Average Annual Growth) 1980-19901990-20002001-2008 Indonesia184.108.40.206 Malaysia220.127.116.11 Philippines1.01.73.8 Thailand18.104.22.168 China22.214.171.124 Vietnam126.96.36.199 Source: World Bank Development Indicators, 2004 and 2006; Asian Development Bank – Key Indicators of Developing Asia and Pacific Countries, 2007
NEW BREED OF FARMERS NEW BREED OF FARMERS (MFI - Farm Business Institute)
Farm Business School in Jalajala, Rizal Diploma in Entrepreneurship
Ladderized approach to skills training TESDA-accredited trainings range from 152 hours to 1,440 hours National Certification by TESDA TESDA training included in Certificate and Diploma in Entrepreneurship PREPARATION FOR CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRICULTURE Scholarships Available!
Diploma in Entrepreneurship with Specialization: Sustainable Agriculture Eco-Farm Tourism Farm Business Agro-Forestry PREPARATION FOR CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRICULTURE Aquaculture Food Processing Urban Agriculture Landscaping
2-year Diploma courses lead to BS Entrepreneurial Management Courses in partner State Universities (University of Rizal System, Palawan State University & Ming Yuan College) Curriculum design : 30% classroom and practicum 70% including On-the-Job Training (OJT) Placement Student’s farm business ventures Residential campus in Rizal, Palawan & Negros Occidental PREPARATION FOR CAREER OPPORTUNITIES IN AGRICULTURE
Issues and Concerns Agriculture has lost its appeal as career option Benefactors focus on jobs that promise overseas employment In the past, agriculture was thought in the classroom and field exposure is at a minimum Preference for a 4-year course
Actions Taken / Recommendations Emphasis on hands on training & OJT in successful farms of entrepreneurs OJT period complete one production cycle to optimize learning and experience Learning by doing Ladderized two-year diploma programs for immediate impact Scholarship / Pay it forward scheme for children of farmers
Helping one another 87 graduating Diploma in Agricultural Entrepreneurship in MFI need start-up capital for micro-agri enterprises as new entrepreneurs Government agencies like DOLE can help provide start-up support for young entrepreneurs