Presentation on theme: "The Land Acquisition Bill: A Critique and a Proposal Maitreesh Ghatak, Parikshit Ghosh."— Presentation transcript:
The Land Acquisition Bill: A Critique and a Proposal Maitreesh Ghatak, Parikshit Ghosh
Acquisition Price: How much is “enough”? The Nano factory 2011 Land Acquisition and Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill Problems with the bill Suggested alternative Introduction
The Bill It significantly increases the minimum compensation payable, but continues to use the market price obtained from recently registered sale deeds from the region as a yardstick. The minimum compensation has been fixed at four times the market price in rural areas and twice the market price in urban areas. Host of benefits both for affected landowners as well as livelihood losers. Procedural safeguards have also been introduced
Drawbacks Choice of an arbitrary mark-up over market price for compensation purposes. Transactions are few and not well documented in many regions. Distress sales constitute a bulk of the transactions Full value is often concealed to escape stamp duty Any industrial or development project will cause significant appreciation of real estate prices Voluntary transactions as a proxy for owners’ value in forced acquisition
Our Aim Come up with a formula for determining a compensation amount that reflects the dispossessed owners’ own valuation of their assets. Should leave no room for discretion in the hands of the State Economic efficiency dictates that the ownership pattern on the remaining land must be reshuffled so that those who place the greatest value on land end up remaining owners.
The Alternative A procedure based on a land auction, covering both the project area and surrounding farmland. The government should hold an auction and buy up the cheapest land on offer at the project site and its surrounding region. Landowners whose plots fall within the project site, but who have not sold in the auction, can then be compensated with equal sized plots of land acquired outside the site through the auction. The Auction: Auction rules Auction price Reserve price
Advantages of the new approach Considerably less coercive Offers the farmer choice in the form of compensation – it can be taken either in cash or land. Proposal gives the farmer a strong incentive to bid truthfully Treats all local landowners (those owning plots in the project zone as well as outside) at par, allowing farmers to incorporate their own estimates of future land price inflation into their bids. Eliminates the problem of hold-up often associated with private acquisitions The proposal has a provision for the acquisition effort to fail and for land to remain in agricultural use.
Some Challenges Differences arising from soil quality, gradient, access to water sources, sunk investments like pump sets, etc. Relocation costs, distance-from-home issues, plot fragmentation, etc.