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March 6, 2014 A perspective on agricultural and trade issues of India …. Indian Agriculture – An Overview… Challenges facing Indian agriculture & Syngenta’s.

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Presentation on theme: "March 6, 2014 A perspective on agricultural and trade issues of India …. Indian Agriculture – An Overview… Challenges facing Indian agriculture & Syngenta’s."— Presentation transcript:

1 March 6, 2014 A perspective on agricultural and trade issues of India …. Indian Agriculture – An Overview… Challenges facing Indian agriculture & Syngenta’s contribution…

2 2 Some facts…. By 2050 global population will rise to 9 billion….out of which 1.7 billion will be in India alone Total calorie requirement will go up from 2495 to 3000 Food grain production would need to increase by 5.5 MT annually Demand for high-value food commodities will go up by > 100% due to migration of people into cities, increased wealth, shift towards diets rich in protein Currently.. 52% of our population is involved in Agriculture.... yet it contributes just 13.7% to India’s GDP

3 3 Hectare of Arable Land Source: UN and FAO, 2005 Arable Land (ha) per person Most populous countries have least room to expand Produce more with less… Land | Water | Labor Growing resource constraints Much of India’s total arable area already in use (46%) Most remaining land has serious soil and terrain constraints

4 4 There is also the problem of…. Decreasing size of landholding

5 5 And the degradation of the production environment….

6 6 Source: UN-Water and FAO Growing resource constraints Agriculture is India’s largest user of water >40% lost to inefficient practices Nearly 50% agricultural land is rain-fed Produce more with less… Land | Water | Labor

7 7 Source: UN-Water and FAO Growing resource constraints Produce more with less… Land | Water | Labor

8 8 8 Indian Agriculture ●India agriculture has an extensive background which goes back to 10 thousand years. At present, in terms of agricultural production, the country holds the second position all over the world. ●Indian Agriculture has made rapid strides since independence; -From food shortages and import to self-sufficiency and exports. -From subsistence farming to intensive and technology led cultivation. -Today, India is the front ranking producer of many crops in the world. -Ushered in through the green, white, blue and yellow revolutions

9 9 Indian Agriculture – Respective Global Rank

10 10 ●Contributes to 14% of GDP ●Provides food to 1.25 Billion people ●Sustains 65% of the population : helps alleviate poverty ●Produces 51 major Crops ●Provides Raw Material to Industries ●Contributes to 1/6th of the export earnings ●Huge bio-diversity : 46,000 species of plants & 86,000 species of animals Largest producer in the world of pulses, tea, and milk ●India was largest exporter of rice and guar gum, and second largest exporter of cotton and beef (buffalo meat). ●Second Largest producer of fruits & vegetables,wheat,rice,groundnut & sugarcane. ●Our major imports: edible oils (US $11 billion) and pulses (about US $ 3 billion). Indian Agriculture- Some Facts

11 11 Agriculture productivity in India to 2010

12 12 Indian Agriculture – Major Crop Areas Rice106 million tonnes Wheat96 million tonnes Coarse Cereals 41 million tonnes Pulses20 million tonnes Oilseeds20.9 million tonnes Sugarcane29.9 million tonnes Total Geographical Area million hectares Net Area sown million hectares Gross Cropped Area – million hectares Major Crop Production;

13 13 Indian Agriculture – Strong regional variations in yield

14 14 ●STRENGTHS -Rich Bio-diversity -Arable land -Climate -Strong and well dispersed research and extension system ●OPPORTUNITIES -Bridgeable yield crops -Exports -Agro-based Industry -Horticulture -Untapped potential in the North Eastern part of India ●WEAKNESS -Fragmentation of land -Low Technology Inputs -Unsustainable Water Management -Poor Infrastructure -Low value addition ●THREATS -Unsustainable Resource Use -Unsustainable Regional Development -Imports -small and shrinking holding size (1.16 ha in ); -climate variability...high risk. Indian Agriculture – Present Scenario (SWOT) But the future is safe and optimistic for the next decade and more

15 15 10 challenges faced by agriculture in India ●Small and fragmented land holdings ●Manures, Fertilizers and Biocides ●Shortage of good quality Seeds for poor peasants ●Problem of Irrigation ●Lack of mechanization ●Soil erosion ●Agricultural marketing ●Inadequate storage facilities ●Inadequate transport ●Scarcity of capital Classification: PUBLIC Draft

16 16 Contribution of Syngenta in India

17 17 Syngenta in India is…. A leading Agribusiness Providing Integrated solutions Engaging with growers at every step. Focusing on 8 strategic crops. World class R&T centre and Manufacturing site in Goa Research stations across India Seed manufacturing facilities A leading Agribusiness Providing Integrated solutions Engaging with growers at every step. Focusing on 8 strategic crops. World class R&T centre and Manufacturing site in Goa Research stations across India Seed manufacturing facilities

18 18 Our Strategy Innovate Integrate Outperform Develop new solutions combining biology and chemistry, incorporating adjacent technologies and building new business models Outperform on the farmer’s field, gain market share, sustain profitable growth Create integrated offers supported by agronomic expertise and understanding of growers challenges Our strategy has growers’ needs at its heart

19 19 Our Philosophy Taking responsibility for our products- from production to safe use, storage and disposal is a priority at Syngenta 17,000 trainings for farmers in 2012 More than 1 million farmers and nearly 1900 Channel partners trained 6500 posters in regional languages distributed Active participation in ‘ Container Management Program ’ of Crop Life India

20 20 Our Collaborations Participating in 2nd Green Revolution In Eastern States Rice ICS project with PAU Grape Project with National Research Centre (NRCG) Partnering with Punjab Agriculture University (PAU) Food Security Agenda Collaborating with India’s biggest cooperative MARKFED

21 21 Corporate Social Responsibility Sparsh contibutes to education, skill development, women empowerment in Goa Syngenta Krishi Mitr gives innovative crop solutions to growers Me & Mine addresses working conditions on seed farms Preserving the environment at our global supply base in Goa Syngenta Foundation India helps and trains smallholders We conduct HSE training for growers through Me & Mine

22 22 India The Good Growth Plan

23 23 More food Less waste One planet. Six commitments. The Good Growth Plan Make crops more efficient Increase average productivity of the world’s major crops by 20% without using more land, water or inputs More biodiversity Less degradation Rescue more farmland Improve the fertility of 10 million hectares of farmland on the brink of degradation Help biodiversity flourish Enhance biodiversity on 5 million hectares of farmland More health Less poverty Look after every worker Strive for fair labor conditions throughout our entire supply chain network Empower smallholders Reach 20 million smallholders and enable them to increase productivity by 50% Help people stay safe Train 20 million farm workers on labor safety, especially in developing countries

24 24 India Examples

25 25 Classification: INTERNAL ONLY Joints projects with PAU “ Popularsing recommended agronomic practices of crop viz Rice,Corn,Wheat & Potato” Major PROJECT GroMore Rice / MaxWheat

26 26 Summary of North GroMore pilot project with PAU – 2012/13 Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY Sharing GroMore concept PAU officials sharing GroMore Tillers to farmers PAU officials sharing GroMore Tillers to farmers PAU officials & growers Counting GroMore Panicles & grains PAU officials & growers Counting GroMore Panicles & grains Outcome for Grower & Syngenta Better ROI for grower Outcome for Grower & Syngenta Better ROI for grower Syngenta GroMore Pilot Yield increase – 32% Syngenta CP protocol – Rs.7731/ha Grower CP spend – Rs.4790/ha Additional income – Rs / ha Syngenta GroMore Pilot Yield increase – 32% Syngenta CP protocol – Rs.7731/ha Grower CP spend – Rs.4790/ha Additional income – Rs / ha August 2012September 2012October 2012 onwards MOU Signed with PAU June 2012Oct Actual yield and quality data is expected by Oct end 2012

27 27 Outlining GroMore Project Developed Geography Developing Geography Selected 5 Districts cover; Major rice agro climatic zones 40% of Punjab rice acreage & production PAU presence (Farm Advisory Services) Both Rice-Wheat & Rice-Potato rotations Selected 5 Districts in Punjab – Divided each in to two sub districts. 5 Villages in each sub district – 10 Villages per district 5 Growers per village – 250 Growers in all 5 districts Undertaken ½ Acre of Grower for GroMore – 125 Acres Under GroMore

28 28 Data Summary Total Grower Data – 173 (8 Sub Districts ) ROI - Average yield increase value is R.22K/Ha over farmer practice with Rs. 3K/Ha increase in CP spend. Average Increase in Yield & Additional Income across geographies;

29 29 GroMore – Summary of “ Grower feedback” Nursery in beds is meaningful Line transplantation helped in aeration of crop hence less pests/Disease & Agri.ops are easy Reduced Fertilizer inputs Actara drench gives lush-green-healthy seedlings. One line off is good Thionutri at 15 DAT gives more tillers Not only preached but practiced too. Nursery in beds is meaningful Line transplantation helped in aeration of crop hence less pests/Disease & Agri.ops are easy Reduced Fertilizer inputs Actara drench gives lush-green-healthy seedlings. One line off is good Thionutri at 15 DAT gives more tillers Not only preached but practiced too. GroMore Plot is like garden – Everyone stops to see. Liako prophylactic is unique. Fellow farmers who made fun of us are now appreciating. More hills/Sq. Meter will yield more. Uniform crop emergence/tillering. Had to spend Rs.800 on manual weeding in my plot The only company having complete solution. GroMore Plot is like garden – Everyone stops to see. Liako prophylactic is unique. Fellow farmers who made fun of us are now appreciating. More hills/Sq. Meter will yield more. Uniform crop emergence/tillering. Had to spend Rs.800 on manual weeding in my plot The only company having complete solution.

30 30 GroMore is a dream harvest for farmers !! Early Harvesting - GroMore harvesting is early by 15 days, means will be able to advance sowing of Rabi crop for a better harvest. Better Output Price – because of better quality GroMore crop fetching min 22 $ /MT means 9% higher than farmer practice GroMore PracticeFarmer Practice1 st GroMore harvest in market Observe the grain color

31 31 GroMore – Summary of officials'’ feedback Deputy commissioner Gurdaspur – Dr. A Trikha IAS Dr.MK Saini – FASS ( Farm advisory service Gurdaspur) PAU Vice- Chancellor, Dir. of Agriculture Punjab, ADG IRRI, Head of PAU Kissan Club, PAU governing board members NABARD Team & Deptt of Agriculture officials We feel good to attend such knowledge dissemination meetings By this unique story telling you are not only doing verbal education of rice cultivation but also demonstrating it in farmer fields….is commendable. Syngenta rice team team was recognized in annual PAU Kissan expo. I would like to thank Syngenta rice team for this kind of Unique initiative in our developing area of Rice.

32 32 Global Nuffield farming Scholars from Canada/Ireland/New-Zealand & Australia (Guests at PAU Kisan Mela) have seen GroMore Rice Plots “PAU & Syngenta have jointly taken a good initiative with Rice project This will surely enhance rice productivity. Farmer will surely get a yield increase of 20-30%.” Brenda Schlepp 2012 Scholar Canadian Nuffield Agricultural Scholar “PAU & Syngenta have jointly taken a good initiative with Rice project This will surely enhance rice productivity. Farmer will surely get a yield increase of 20-30%.” Brenda Schlepp 2012 Scholar Canadian Nuffield Agricultural Scholar “It is seen first time the way farmers are being advise in such a good manner.” Jemma Sadler 2012 Scholar, Wongan Hills in Western Australia, “It is seen first time the way farmers are being advise in such a good manner.” Jemma Sadler 2012 Scholar, Wongan Hills in Western Australia, “It is amazing to see the difference between the GroMore Rice Plot & Farmer practice field.The GroMore Plot is completely free of pest & Farmer Practices was fully damage with pest” Robin Schaefer, Loxton in South Australia “It is amazing to see the difference between the GroMore Rice Plot & Farmer practice field.The GroMore Plot is completely free of pest & Farmer Practices was fully damage with pest” Robin Schaefer, Loxton in South Australia “Hopes of new revolution will come in future with the increase of plant population /m² More Seedling …More crop/Yield Good initiative. Keep it up Mr. P.P.S.Pangali (President PAU kisan Club) “Hopes of new revolution will come in future with the increase of plant population /m² More Seedling …More crop/Yield Good initiative. Keep it up Mr. P.P.S.Pangali (President PAU kisan Club)

33 33 Farmer excited to see the MaxWheat project results Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY

34 34 MaxWheat Project- Agronomy informationinformation gave to growers Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY

35 35 Safety / Application message….. In all the farmer meeting.. Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY

36 36 GroMore Rice Approach…. Easy to understand Strong & Healthy foundation Strengthen the expectation Turn hope into reality Maximize yield and quality Seedling phaseVegetativeReproductiveRipening Establish yield & quality foundationMax. yield potentialProtect quality

37 37 Thank You!


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