Presentation on theme: "A perspective on agricultural and trade issues of India …"— Presentation transcript:
1A perspective on agricultural and trade issues of India … A perspective on agricultural and trade issues of India …. Indian Agriculture – An Overview… Challenges facing Indian agriculture & Syngenta’s contribution…March 6, 2014
2Some facts….Total calorie requirement will go up from 2495 to 3000Food grain production would need to increase by 5.5 MT annuallyBy 2050 global population will rise to 9 billion….out of which 1.7 billion will be in India aloneCurrently..52% of our population is involved in Agriculture....yet it contributes just 13.7% to India’s GDPDemand for high-value food commodities will go up by > 100% due to migration of people into cities, increased wealth, shift towards diets rich in protein
3Growing resource constraints Produce more with less… Land | Water | LaborMuch of India’s total arable area already in use (46%)Most remaining land has serious soil and terrain constraintsArable Land (ha) per personMost populous countries have least room to expandHectare of Arable LandOver the past four decades the amount of land under cultivation, includingpermanent crops, has increased by more than one quarter – to just over one billionha. However, the rapid growth of population in recent years has meant that thearea of cultivated land per capita in developing countries has declined by almosthalf since the 1960s.More than 90 percent of available land is in Latin Americaand Sub-Saharan Africa, which means that further expansion is simply not an optionfor most of North Africa, Eastern Europe, Asia and Middle East. Even in those areaswhere potential for expansion does appear to exist, over 70 percent of available landis estimated to suffer from one or more soil or terrain constraints. As a result of thesefactors, the projected expansion in cultivated area in developing regions to 2030is only half the historic rate – adding about 120 million ha to the current total 31.Strikingly, however, by the year 2030, and despite the addition of well over twobillion people to the population of developing countries, the average amount ofcultivated land available for each person engaged in agriculture may actuallyincrease due to the stabilisation of agricultural populations.Source: UN and FAO, 2005
4There is also the problem of…. Decreasing size of landholding 86% growers in India are smallholdersThey cultivate 44% of the land and contribute 50% to farm outputLandholding declined from 2.30ha in the 70s to 1.32 ha inAverage size would be a mere 0.68 ha in 2020 and 0.32 ha in 2030
5And the degradation of the production environment…. Soil erosion has degraded million ha of land in India8.4 million ha has soil salinity and water-loggingWater-table & water quality deterioratingGreen-revolution belt exhibiting problems owing to over-exploitation and mismanagement of soil-and-water resources
6Growing resource constraints Produce more with less… Land | Water | LaborAgriculture is India’s largest user of water>40% lost to inefficient practicesNearly 50% agricultural land is rain-fedAgriculture is India’s largest user of water. However, increasing competition for water between industry, domestic use and agriculture has highlighted the need to plan and manage water on a river basin and multi-sectoral basis.Major areas of concern in irrigation are: decline in real investment, thin spread of investment, low recovery of costs, decline in water table, wastages and inefficiencies in water use and, non-involvement of usersSource: UN-Water and FAO
7Growing resource constraints Produce more with less… Land | Water | LaborFarm demographics- aging population and migration to cities influence labor availabilityHigh-tech machines, complex production processes and strict production regulations require skilled laborSource: UN-Water and FAO
8Indian AgricultureIndia agriculture has an extensive background which goes back to 10 thousand years. At present, in terms of agricultural production, the country holds the second position all over the world.Indian Agriculture has made rapid strides since independence;From food shortages and importto self-sufficiency and exports.From subsistence farmingto intensive and technology led cultivation.Today , India is the front rankingproducer of many crops in the world.Ushered in through thegreen, white, blue and yellow revolutions
9Indian Agriculture – Respective Global Rank Total Area7thIrrigated Area1stPopulation2ndEconomically Active populationTotal Cereals3rdWheatRiceCoarse grains4thTotal PulsesOil SeedsFruits and VegetablesImplements (Tractors)MilkLive Stock (castles, Buffaloes)
10Indian Agriculture- Some Facts Contributes to 14% of GDPProvides food to 1.25 Billion peopleSustains 65% of the population : helps alleviate povertyProduces 51 major CropsProvides Raw Material to IndustriesContributes to 1/6th of the export earningsHuge bio-diversity : 46,000 species of plants & 86,000 species of animals Largest producer in the world of pulses , tea , and milkIndia was largest exporter of rice and guar gum, and second largest exporter of cotton and beef (buffalo meat).Second Largest producer of fruits & vegetables,wheat,rice,groundnut & sugarcane.Our major imports: edible oils (US $11 billion) and pulses (about US $ 3 billion).
11Agriculture productivity in India - 1970 to 2010 CropAverage YIELD,Average YIELD,Average YIELD, 2010–2011kilogram per hectareRice112317402240Wheat130722812938Pulses524578689Oilseeds5797711325Sugarcane483226539568596Tea118216521669Cotton106225510
12Indian Agriculture – Major Crop Areas Total Geographical Area million hectaresNet Area sown million hectaresGross Cropped Area – million hectaresMajor Crop Production;Rice106 million tonnesWheat96 million tonnesCoarse Cereals41 million tonnesPulses20 million tonnesOilseeds20.9 million tonnesSugarcane29.9 million tonnes
13Indian Agriculture – Strong regional variations in yield CropAverage farm yield in BiharAverage farm yield in KarnatakaAverage farm yield in Punjabkilogram per hectareWheat2020N.A3880Rice137023803130Pulses610470820Oil seeds6206801200Sugarcane455107956065300
14Indian Agriculture – Present Scenario (SWOT) WEAKNESSFragmentation of landLow Technology InputsUnsustainable Water ManagementPoor InfrastructureLow value additionTHREATSUnsustainable Resource UseUnsustainable Regional DevelopmentImportssmall and shrinking holding size (1.16 ha in );climate variability...high risk.STRENGTHSRich Bio-diversityArable landClimateStrong and well dispersed research and extension systemOPPORTUNITIESBridgeable yield cropsExportsAgro-based IndustryHorticultureUntapped potential in the North Eastern part of IndiaBut the future is safe and optimistic for the next decade and more
1510 challenges faced by agriculture in India Small and fragmented land holdingsManures, Fertilizers and BiocidesShortage of good quality Seeds for poor peasantsProblem of IrrigationLack of mechanizationSoil erosionAgricultural marketingInadequate storage facilitiesInadequate transportScarcity of capitalClassification: PUBLIC Draft
17Syngenta in India is…. A leading Agribusiness Providing Integrated solutionsEngaging with growers at every step.Focusing on 8 strategic crops.World class R&T centre and Manufacturing site in GoaResearch stations across IndiaSeed manufacturing facilities
18Our Strategy Integrate Innovate Outperform Our strategy has growers’ needs at its heartCreate integrated offers supportedby agronomic expertise andunderstanding of growers challengesIntegrateInnovateDevelop new solutions combining biology and chemistry, incorporating adjacent technologies and building new business modelsOutperform on the farmer’s field, gain market share, sustain profitable growthOutperform
1917,000 trainings for farmers in 2012 Our PhilosophyTaking responsibility for our products- from production to safe use, storage and disposal is a priority at Syngenta17,000 trainings for farmers in 2012More than 1 million farmers andnearly Channel partners trained6500 posters in regional languages distributedActive participation in ‘ContainerManagement Program’ ofCrop Life India
20Our CollaborationsRice ICS project with PAUParticipating in 2nd Green Revolution In Eastern StatesPartnering with Punjab Agriculture University (PAU)Collaborating with India’s biggest cooperative MARKFEDGrape Project with National Research Centre (NRCG)Food Security AgendaGRES: In an effort to become ‘partners in progress’ in India’s agricultural growth, Syngenta is participating in the Government of West Bengal initiative to bring the Second Green Revolution in Eastern States. Through the project we seek to enhance rice output with hybrid paddy, responsible use of pesticides and integrated pest management in rice cultivation. Syngenta’s project partners are the government of India’s Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, West Bengal’s Agriculture Department and CropLife India, part of global federation representing the plant sciences industry.MoU with Punjab Agriculture University (PAU): PAU is India’s leading farm university. It played a key role in bringing about the Green Revolution in Punjab and is an institution respected by farmers. Under its public-private partnership program, PAU had first signed a MoU with Syngenta India in October 2008 and again in October 2011 to jointly undertake projects aimed towards sustainable development. PAU and Syngenta have a singular aim, that of enhancing productivity and quality of farm produce in Punjab by adopting latest technology in key crops like Rice, Wheat and Potato.GrowMore project: After the announcement of Syngenta’s integrated crop strategy in early 2011, the Global and South Asia Territory Rice teams set out to understand the pain points of the rice growers in order to arrive at a holistic solution. The outcome is GroMore which has proved to be an excellent fit in not only addressing the pain points of the farmers but also to address the food security challenge for an important crop like rice. This project in the North is a collaborative approach with PAU.Other Projects with PAU:* Demonstrate 3R strategy to farmers: Right dose, at the Right time and with Right application technology. To educate farmers and applicators.• Corn Project: We undertook a comprehensive economic benefit study to help guide growers to adopt corn as a superior alternative over rice as well as in Corn-Potato-Corn rotation.• Wheat Project: This project aims to find the right program to effectively control resistant Phalaris and educate growers on how to effectively manage it with the right scientific method.• Potato Agronomy Project: This project considers productivity and quality enhancement through right agronomy and effective disease management in Potato. Its objective is to educate growers on overall agronomical practices at the key critical stages of Potato cultivation.• Herbicide Application Technology: The project demonstrates the use of new herbicide Axial in the control of Phalaris minor in wheat. The aim is to popularize herbicide technology spraying techniques and to enhance the productivity of Rice-Wheat cropping system. It has resulted in average yield increase of 13.6 per cent.MoU with MARKFED: To reach out to small land holding farmers, Syngenta has joined hands with one of the biggest cooperatives in Asia, MARKFED. Syngenta is able to offer its solutions and services from nearly 3064 cooperative societies managed by MARKFED. Its societies and retail outlets at various locations of Punjab provided the best channel to reach out to the growers.MoU with CIMMYT: CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center) in India and Syngenta have been working together to develop multiple projects focused on wheat research activities. These are aimed at increasing cereal productivity by accelerating adoption of new genotypes, improved seed systems and improved crop management technologies including conservation agriculture.Grape Project with NRCG: Syngenta in association with National Research Centre for Grapes (NRCG) Pune has conducted a 2-year research project to establish and demonstrate effective pest and disease management in grape cultivation, using different crop protection products of Syngenta, to ensure quality grape production free from pesticide residues and which can be accepted into the high quality European market.The Food Security Agenda focuses on business models that address smallholder farmers and environmental sustainability. One such business model is being piloted in Odisha in rice growing smallholder areas. The model has Village Entrepreneurs who are 24x7 partners to growers. They provide advisory services to the growers and supply them with products made available from a “Centre of Excellence” established by Syngenta and partner organizations having allied products. Each entrepreneur covers about 500 farmers in villages.New Vision for Agriculture: Syngenta is also participating in the World Economic Forum’s New Vision for Agriculture (NVA) initiative with the Maharashtra government to improve productivity in vegetable production.
21Corporate Social Responsibility Me & Mine addresses working conditions on seed farmsWe conduct HSE training for growers through Me & MineSparsh contibutes to education, skill development, women empowerment in GoaSyngenta Krishi Mitr gives innovative crop solutions to growersSyngenta Foundation India helps and trains smallholdersPreserving the environment at our global supply base in Goa‘Syngenta Me and Mine’: Improving quality of life in rural India. Syngenta’s flagship program “Syngenta Me and Mine” addresses working conditions on seed supply farms. It aims to eradicate child labor and unjust working conditions in the seed production farms.Preserving the Environment: Our global supply base Santa Monica Works (SMW) in Goa manufactures high quality, safe and technologically advanced crop protection agents. We have a scientifically designed effluent treatment plant where effluent is neutralized in a fully automated process and is subjected to bio-degradation by extended aeration method. A wild life sanctuary of birds and reptiles in the midst of our works is a source of pride for us and the show piece for everyone who visits Santa Monica.Sparsh: Santa Monica Works runs a CSR program Sparsh which contributes to areas of education, skill development, waste management, health and hygiene, women empowerment and support to socio cultural initiatives in the local community.Syngenta Krishi Mitr was established in April 2010 with the purpose of engaging with the Goan Agriculture Community by developing a positive attitude towards agriculture using innovative crop solution and good agriculture practices. This helped to increase yield & quality of produce, contributing to economic growth & improved quality of life of the farming community.Syngenta India limited set up the Syngenta Foundation as an independent organization in 2005 to help marginalized farmers adopt new ways of agricultural production to enhance yield, and help in improving their livelihoods. The Foundation is working with a number of local NGOs and other associations on resource conservation and crop enhancement projects to provide long term productivity and income generation for the farmers.
23Help biodiversity flourish Look after every worker The Good Growth PlanMore foodLess wasteMore biodiversityLess degradationRescue more farmlandImprove the fertility of 10 million hectares of farmland on the brink of degradationHelp biodiversity flourishEnhance biodiversity on 5 million hectares of farmlandMore healthLess povertyLook after every workerStrive for fair labor conditions throughout our entire supply chain networkEmpower smallholdersReach 20 million smallholders and enable them to increase productivityby 50%Help people stay safeTrain 20 million farm workers on labor safety, especially in developing countriesMake cropsmore efficientIncrease average productivity of the world’s major crops by 20% without using more land, water or inputsWe are launching The Good Growth Plan which includes six specific commitments to address critical challenges the world faces in feeding a growing population.By 2020, we commit to:Make crops more efficient: Increase average productivity of the world’s major crops by 20 percent without using more land, water or inputsRescue more farmland: Improve the fertility of 10 million hectares of farmland on the brink of degradationHelp biodiversity flourish: Enhance biodiversity on 5 million hectares of farmlandEmpower smallholders: Reach 20 million smallholders and enable them to increase productivity by 50 percentHelp people stay safe: Train 20 million farm workers on labor safety, especially in developing countriesLook after every worker: Strive for fair labor conditions throughout our entire supply chain networkOne planet. Six commitments.
24India ExamplesGroMore an integrated rice solution comprising of simple protocols offering timely advice ‘in the language of the farmer’ to establish and protect the crop, delivering immediate yield increases of up to 30%.Tegra™: Piloted in South India in An integrated growing system, delivering more productive tillers and a yield increase of up to 30%.Project Nirmiti: a program that utilizes a network of local residents to make agricultural knowledge, inputs and services available to smallholders in rural India to improve farming practices, productivity and livelihoods.Techno-Commercial Centers: Farmer Producer Companies set up by government in Madhya Pradesh aim to help India’s smallholders access technology and achieve economies of scale in purchasing, marketing etc.Syngenta Me and Mine utilizes a network of local residents to make agricultural knowledge, inputs and services available to smallholders in rural India to improve farming practices, productivity and livelihoods.
25Joints projects with PAU “ Popularsing recommended agronomic practices of crop viz Rice,Corn,Wheat & Potato” Major PROJECT GroMore Rice / MaxWheatClassification: INTERNAL ONLY
26Summary of North GroMore pilot project with PAU – 2012/13 MOU Signed with PAUSharing GroMore conceptOctJune 2012Syngenta GroMore PilotYield increase – 32%Syngenta CP protocol – Rs.7731/haGrower CP spend – Rs.4790/haAdditional income – Rs / haPAU officials sharing GroMoreTillers to farmersPAU officials & growers CountingGroMore Panicles & grainsOutcome for Grower & SyngentaBetter ROI for growerAugust 2012September 2012October onwardsClassification: INTERNAL USE ONLYActual yield and quality data is expected by Oct end 2012
27Outlining GroMore Project Selected 5 Districts in Punjab – Divided each in to two sub districts.5 Villages in each sub district – 10 Villages per district5 Growers per village – 250 Growers in all 5 districtsUndertaken ½ Acre of Grower for GroMore – 125 Acres Under GroMoreGeographyCentral Plain ZoneSub Mountainous Undulating ZoneUndulating Plain ZoneDevelopingAmritsarGurdaspurDevelopedLudhianaMixedJalandharKapurthalaDeveloping GeographySelected 5 Districts cover;Major rice agro climatic zones40% of Punjab rice acreage & productionPAU presence (Farm Advisory Services)Both Rice-Wheat & Rice-Potato rotationsDeveloped Geography
28Total Grower Data – 173 (8 Sub Districts ) Data SummaryTotal Grower Data – 173 (8 Sub Districts )ROI - Average yield increase value is R.22K/Ha over farmer practice with Rs. 3K/Ha increase in CP spend.Average Increase in Yield & Additional Income across geographies;DevelopingDevelopedMixedYield Increase - MT/ Hectare1.821.561.68Yield Increase %41%20%30%Additional Income/ Hectare - INR233211990421520
29GroMore – Summary of “ Grower feedback” Nursery in bedsis meaningfulLine transplantationhelped in aerationof crop hence lesspests/Disease& Agri.ops are easyReduced FertilizerinputsActara drench giveslush-green-healthyseedlings.One line off is goodThionutri at 15 DATgives more tillersNot only preached butpracticed too.GroMore Plot is likegarden – Everyonestops to see.Liako prophylacticis unique.Fellow farmers whomade fun of us arenow appreciating.More hills/Sq. Meterwill yield more.Uniform cropemergence/tillering.Had to spendRs.800 on manualweeding in my plotThe only companyhaving completesolution.
30GroMore is a dream harvest for farmers !! Better Output Price – because of better quality GroMore crop fetching min 22 $ /MT means 9% higher than farmer practiceEarly Harvesting - GroMore harvesting is early by 15 days , means will be able to advance sowing of Rabi crop for a better harvest .Observe the grain colorGroMore PracticeFarmer Practice1st GroMore harvest in market
31GroMore – Summary of officials'’ feedback I would like to thank Syngenta rice team for this kind of Unique initiative in our developing area of Rice.By this unique story telling you are not only doing verbal education of rice cultivation but also demonstrating it in farmer fields….is commendable .Syngenta rice team team was recognized in annual PAU Kissan expo.We feel good to attend such knowledge dissemination meetingsPAU Vice- Chancellor , Dir. of Agriculture Punjab, ADG IRRI, Head of PAU Kissan Club, PAU governing board membersNABARD Team & Deptt of Agriculture officialsDeputy commissioner Gurdaspur – Dr. A Trikha IASDr.MK Saini – FASS ( Farm advisory service Gurdaspur)
32Global Nuffield farming Scholars from Canada/Ireland/New-Zealand & Australia (Guests at PAU Kisan Mela) have seen GroMore Rice Plots“PAU & Syngenta have jointly taken a good initiative with Rice project This will surely enhance rice productivity. Farmer will surely get a yield increase of 20-30%.”Brenda Schlepp 2012 ScholarCanadian Nuffield Agricultural Scholar“It is seen first time the way farmers are being advise in such a good manner.”Jemma Sadler 2012 Scholar ,Wongan Hills in Western Australia,“It is amazing to see the difference between the GroMore Rice Plot & Farmer practice field .The GroMore Plot is completely free of pest & Farmer Practices was fully damage with pest”Robin Schaefer,Loxton in South Australia“Hopes of new revolution will come in future with the increase of plant population /m²More Seedling …More crop/YieldGood initiative. Keep it upMr. P.P.S.Pangali (President PAU kisan Club)
33Farmer excited to see the MaxWheat project results Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
34MaxWheat Project- Agronomy informationinformation gave to growers Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY
35Safety / Application message….. In all the farmer meeting.. Classification: INTERNAL USE ONLY