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F RACKING 101 That means the whole ball of wax. T ERMS OF ART - FRACKING One word to capture all of the activities “Fracking” includes Drill pad activities.

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Presentation on theme: "F RACKING 101 That means the whole ball of wax. T ERMS OF ART - FRACKING One word to capture all of the activities “Fracking” includes Drill pad activities."— Presentation transcript:

1 F RACKING 101 That means the whole ball of wax

2 T ERMS OF ART - FRACKING One word to capture all of the activities “Fracking” includes Drill pad activities and the well pad during production High volume slickwater hydraulic fracturing Storage of water and wastewater Gathering lines and compressors Centralized compressor stations and larger pipelines Air emissions from well pad and storage/transport Truck traffic, accidents, and damage to roads Temporary workers, man camps, high rent, no hotels Political pressure (jobs), regulations, public hearings Liquid and solid waste disposal (landfill/injection)

3 B URNETT ROAD NEAR FLOWER MOUND 1995

4 B URNETT ROAD NEAR FLOWER MOUND 2005

5 W HAT TO FRACK ? Vertical well extraction Fracturing used to increase flowpaths to wellbore Small volumes of water and chemicals (50,000 gal) Small pressures Horizontal well extraction Fracturing used to create flowpaths in the entire formation to release oil and gas Multiple horizontal legs to increase exposure Significant volumes of water (millions of gallons) and chemicals (1000’s of gallons of many different types) HVSW fracking - numerous times per well Spiderweb of well pads – many wells per pad Cased hole versus open hole fracking

6 V ERTICAL VS HORIZONTAL http://www.neb-one.gc.ca/clf-nsi/archives/rnrgynfmtn/nrgyrprt/ntrlgs/prmrndrstndngshlgs2009/ prmrndrstndngshlgs2009-eng.html

7 U SES M ORE OF EVERYTHING Water use Number of wells per pad Length of the production string Chemicals Compressors Pipelines Tank farms, centralized water impoundments Trucks Residual waste People

8 L AND ALONG HWY 373 IN 1995

9 L AND ALONG HWY 373 IN 2005

10 L AND ALONG HWY 373 IN 2008

11 L AND ALONG HWY 373 IN 2014

12 C LOSEUP OF WELL PAD AREA IN 1995

13 C LOSEUP OF WELL PAD AREA IN 2008

14 S UPER C LOSE - UP OF WELL PAD AREA IN 2014

15 ‘ TWO CELL ’ DRILL PIT ( EARTHWORKS PHOTO )

16

17 http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/assets/public/implementation/barnett_shale/bs_images/txOilGasWells.png Eagle ford shale Barnett shalePermian basin Barnett shale

18 https://www.tceq.texas.gov/airquality/barnettshale/bshale-maps http://www.tceq.state.tx.us/assets/public/implementation/barnett_shale/bsAnnualWellCount.pdf Barnett Shale Formation only 17,361 currently producing gas wells 1,018 currently producing oil wells 18,329 total number of producing wells All Formations including Barnett Shale 25,462 currently producing gas wells 15,770 currently producing oil wells 41,232 total number of producing wells Permitted but not yet producing – 7,693 wells

19 D EPTH LOCATION OF BARNETT SHALE http://www.eesi.psu.edu/news_events/E arthTalks/2009Spring/materials2009sp r/BarnettShGasJarvie.pdf Cretaceous - aquifers Barnett shale The Barnett shale formation occurs at depths less than 8000 feet and is composed of two parts the Upper Barnett (lean) and Lower Barnett (rich)

20 A QUIFERS ACROSS DALLAS - FT WORTH AREA http://129.116.232.161/presentations/2007_presentations/Nicot_DallasOct20-2007.pdf

21 S IMPLIFIED VIEW OF COMPLETION METHOD

22 https://www.documentcloud.org/documents/1017851-rrc-map-of-eagle-ford-shale-jan-6-2014.html Eagle Ford Shale Formation

23 http://geology.com/articles/eagle-ford

24 A QUIFER CROSS - SECTION EAGLE FORD SHALE http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/gam/czwx_s/CZWX_S_FinalReport_Part1.pdf

25 B ASE OF FRESHWATER AT EAGLE FORD SHALE http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/gam/czwx_s/CZWX_S_FinalReport_Part2.pdf

26 E AGLE FORD SHALE 2008-2014 PRODUCTION

27 E AGLE FORD SHALE - KARNES AND WHITSETT 2008

28 E AGLE FORD SHALE - KARNES AND WHITSETT 2014

29 E AGLE FORD SHALE SW KARNES LINES OF WELL PADS

30 E AGLE FORD SE OF PEGGY, TX 2008

31 E AGLE FORD SE PEGGY, TX 2012

32 E AGLE FORD SHALE CENTRALIZED PIT AND PADS 2008

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34 C LOSE - UP OF ACTIVE WELL PAD 2012

35 C LOSE - UP OF ACTIVE WELL PAD PITS 2012

36 C OMPRESSOR STATION IN EAGLE FORD SHALE 20082010 2014

37 C OMPRESSOR STATION IN BACKYARD ( EARTHWORKS )

38 E AGLE FORD SHALE PONDS 2008 PRE - CONSTRUCTION

39 E AGLE FORD SHALE POND AND PAD 2012

40 E AGLE FORD SHALE WELL PIT BREECH 2014

41 C LOSE - UP OF WELL PAD BREECH 2014

42 N IMBY – NOT IN MY ACTUAL BACKYARD Drilling close to homes, businesses, and parks Noise, lights, and traffic Air pollution, smog, and health impacts Property value, mortgage issues, and safety concerns Destruction of farmland State regulations difficult to change Local ordinances Protecting public health, water, and air Takes courage and serious communication Federal lands Trading small royalties for long-term access Potential for environmental impact assessment

43 D O YOU THINK THIS IS T OO CLOSE TO HOMES, PARKS, AND HOSPITALS

44 N OT I N MY ACTUAL BACKYARD

45 M ORE BACKYARDS IN TEXAS ( EARTHWORKS PHOTO )

46 F ARMLAND NEAR DISH TX 1995

47 F ARMLAND NEAR DISH TX 2001

48 F ARMLAND NEAR DISH TX 2005

49 C LOSE - UP OF FARMLAND TRACTOR PATTERNS

50 C LOSE - UP OF FARMLAND WELL PAD SITE

51 O DD WAY OF SAYING THINGS Energy independence means exporting LPG Economic development means boom town during drilling and bust town when they are done. Leasing oil and gas rights means we can drill just about any where we want and give you a pittance Strict regulations means less regulations Disclosure means using a website designed to be difficult to retrieve information Methane gas in your water well is natural Radioactivity in drill cuttings and wastewater is NORMal

52 A-between outside casing and cement B-between inside casing and cement C-through the cement itself D-through pipe corrosion E-channeling in the cement F-between cement and wellbore Gas migration paths in the wellbore http://www.ucalgary.ca/wasp/Well%20Integrity%20Analysis.pdf

53 M ORE QUESTIONS THAN ANSWERS Public disclosure of chemicals Radioactivity in drill cuttings and other wastes and wastewaters Increased earthquakes around fracking and/or injection wells Boom/bust cycles on small rural communities Greenhouse gas contributions Consumption of water vs recycling efforts Adequate state and local regulations to protect public health, the environment, and address costs to communities Federal lands and due compensation Who will actually benefit if natural gas is exported?

54 M ORE INFORMATION April 2014 EPA study on state regulations http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/nonhaz/industrial/special/oil/state_summaries_040114.pdf San Antonio Express four part series on Eagle Ford Shale Flaring http://www.expressnews.com/business/eagleford/item/Up-in-Flames-Day-1-Flares-in-Eagle-Ford-Shale- 32626.php US Energy Information Administration website on drilling productivity http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/drilling/#tabs-summary-1 USGS Animation of Oklahoma Earthquakes 2008-2014 http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/ceus/products/OKeqanimation.php EIA Animation of Shale Gas Well Production in Barnett Shale http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=2170 Blind Rush – Shale Gas Boom Proceeds Among Health Concerns http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3237379/ Overview of Barnett Shale ppt http://www.adv-res.com/pdf/Kuuskraa_Case_Study_1_Barnett_Shale_China_Workshop_APR_2010.pdf


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