4 Blue Ridge Mountains 1: northeast corner of GA 2: location of the tallest point in GA, Brasstown Bald3: This area provides rain for the entire state when warm air from Gulf of Mexico is cooled by the mtns4: location of Tallulah Gorge5: Mostly hardwood and pine trees6. Land is mostly used to grow apples and vegetable farming7. Its soil is easily eroded, made of sandy loam and clay
10 Ridge and Valley Region 1: located between the Plateau and Blue Ridge regions2: has low, open valleys and narrow ridges that run parallel to the valleys3: fertile farmland, pastures, and apple orchards, soybean crops4: known for textile and carpet industries, and Dalton as the “Carpet Capital of the World”5. Its soil is limestone, clay, and sandstone6. Where this region ends and the Blue Ridge begins is the start of the Appalachian Trail at Springer Mtn.
13 Plateau Region 1: smallest of the regions 2: far northwest corner of GA3: includes the two flat-topped mtns of Lookout Mtn and Sand Mtn, also includes Cloudland Canyon4: Known as the TAG corner (TN, AL, and GA)5: only known location of coal in the state6: hardwood and pine trees7. Its soil is limestone, shale, and sandstone8. Land is used for timber for furniture
15 Lovers’ Leap?? Many versions of the story exist, particularly in areas with this kind of landscape. The legend tells of two lovers who are forbidden to be together by their families…sometimes it is a financial decision, other times it is because the two lovers are from opposite backgrounds. In every legend, though, the two star-crossed lovers go to the edge of the plateau and jump to their deaths…choosing to die together than live apart.
17 Piedmont Region 1: piedmont means “foot of the mountains” 2: gently sloping hills and valleys in the north, flatlands in the south3. Located in the middle of the state and takes up 1/3 of the state4: known for its red clay soil and granite5: holds half of the state’s population6: produces wheat, soybeans, corn, poultry, and cattle7. Includes Stone Mountain and Lake Lanier8. Vegetation is mostly pines and hardwoods9. Land is used for agriculture and businesses10. 50% of state’s population lives here
20 Party Talk… Did ya know… John W. Beauchamp was the first person to claim ownership of Stone Mountain when he traded with Indians for possession. Later, he traded the mountain to Andrew Johnson and Aaron Cloud for a muzzle-loading gun and twenty dollars. Because half of Georgia and part of North Carolina rest on the mountain's base, it is widely believed that Stone Mountain may be formed like some icebergs--larger underneath the ground's surface than it is above ground
22 Coastal Plains Region1: largest region, covers three-fifths of the state, located in the southern part of the state2: divided into 2 areas…inner coastal and outer coastal3: inner coastal:a) rich soil, some clayb) location of Providence Canyon and Flint Riverc) major agricultural area…peanuts, corn, and Vidalia Onionsd) mostly pine trees4: outer coastal:a) poorly drained, sandy soil: much is marshy and swampyb) deep harbors, Barrier islands, and Okefenokee Swampc) known for naval stores (material for ship building or roofing) and pulp production as well as seafood
24 Wetlands in South Georgia Marshlands near the coast of GeorgiaSea Oats and Beaches of St Simon’sSavannah Port
25 Party Talk!! In the Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge, there are 39 kinds of fish, 37 types of amphibians, 64 sorts of reptiles, along with 235 varieties of birds and a collection of 50 different mammals.
27 Barrier Islands:Located off the coast of GA between the Intercoastal Waterway and the Atlantic Ocean* protect the beaches by blocking winds, sand and water that could erode mainland* called “Islands of Gold” by Spanish explorers* most are wilderness sanctuaries*excellent source of seafood and popular vacation spot
28 Fall Line Separates the Piedmont and Coastal regions The inner most boundary of the prehistoric oceanRuns from Columbus to Macon to AugustaElevation drops sharply between the two regions, causing water to flow more quicklyFast flowing water was a good power source, made the area excellent for industry during early settling of the state
30 GA’s ClimateClimate: the average weather in a region over a period of about 20 yearsGA: mild climate with hot, humid summers and mild wintersprovides a long growing season which makes GA great for agricultureavg. temp in GA for the year is 65 degreesour weather is influenced by the Gulf of Mexico in the warmer months and Canada in the colder monthsOur most dangerous weather are tornadoes, but we occasionally suffer from the effects of hurricanesBecause of GA’s mild weather, it easily attracts businesses to move here as well as tourists
31 GA’s Natural Resources Natural resources: found in our state naturally, not man-madeBest known resource: marble, found in Gilmer, Hall, and Pickens countiesTate, GA has a school and hotel made of marbleGranite: Found in Dekalb and Elbert counties, used for building and concreteFuller’s earth: very profitable for GA…used for kitty litter, in soaps, and in absorbents for oil or greaseKaolin: coating for paper, filler for paint, plastics and rubber, and cement. Mined in areas along the Fall lineOther natural resources that GA has are the wildlife and plant life in the state.All of GA’s natural resources provide money to the economy as businesses are developed to handle the resources and the resources are sold to other businesses
32 Can you tell me… Which region is the smallest? Which region we live in?Which region is largest?Which region is where the highest point in GA is located?Which region is known for apples?Which region is the only known source of coal in GA?Which region has areas of flat land surrounded by mountains?Which region has the barrier islands in it?