We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byCristian Holeman
Modified about 1 year ago
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 Britain 1750– of 22 The Agricultural Revolution Icons key: For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation Teacher’s notes included in the Notes Page Accompanying worksheet Flash activity. These activities are not editable. Web addresses Sound
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Learning objectives © Boardworks Ltd of 22 What was farming like before the Agricultural Revolution? How did the Agricultural Revolution change farming in Britain? Did everything really change during the Agricultural Revolution?
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Agriculture = farmingRevolution = rapid change Between 1750 and 1900 there were major changes in farming. Actually, the Agricultural Revolution can be seen as starting in the 17 th century – by 1750 it was already well underway. Before the Agricultural Revolution, farming had changed little since the Middle Ages. Each village had three open fields, and common land for grazing animals. Two of the fields grew crops such as barley and oats and the third was left fallow. Each field was divided into strips and every farmer had strips in each field. What was the ‘Agricultural Revolution’?
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 The old system
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 The old three field system shared out the good and poor land fairly, but it was very inefficient. A farmer’s land was scattered about, and so he wasted time travelling between strips, carrying his tools with him. Farmers could not choose to grow different crops or try new techniques because this would upset the system. The old three field system Animals were grazed on the common land with everyone else’s, so farmers had no control over their breeding or the spread of diseases.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 The old three field system
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Enclosure meant that the common land, meadow, and the three fields were reorganized and redistributed. A farmer’s land was now all in one area and he could enclose his fields with fences and hedges. Each farmer could choose which crops to grow, try out new crops and ideas and control selective breeding. Farming became altogether more efficient and more productive. What were the benefits of enclosure? Enclosure By 1700, only about half of the farmland in England still used the Open-Field System. The rest had been enclosed by acts of parliament.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 The effects of enclosure
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 What type of farmland was lost during enclosure? The effects of enclosure Enclosure might have increased the efficiency of farming in England, but it wasn’t good news for everyone who lived in the countryside. How might this have made life more difficult for some villagers? Many poorer people relied on the common land to supplement their tiny incomes. After enclosure, there was nowhere for them to graze a few animals, collect tinder or pick berries.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Turnips Barley Clover Wheat Year 4 Year 3 Year 2 Year 1 Many farmers sought to improve their crop yields. To do this, they improved the soil by muck spreading, adding lime or planting crops which put nitrogen back into the ground. Fodder crops, such as turnips and clover, were grown. These helped restore the soil’s fertility, so there was no longer any need to leave the land fallow. These new crops could be fed to livestock, allowing animals to be kept over the winter, rather than being slaughtered in the autumn. Crops – what changed?
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Crops – what changed?
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Enclosure allowed farmers to control the breeding of their livestock because the animals could be separated into different fields. The new fodder crops also helped farmers produce more meat, as they could now keep most of their animals through the winter, instead of slaughtering many at a young age. How did the farmers produce more meat? The farmer could then select the best individuals to breed from in order to produce the biggest, healthiest offspring. This is known as selective breeding.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 As a result, cattle more than doubled in weight and sheep more than tripled between 1710 and How did the farmers produce more meat? Enclosure also prevented the spread of disease from one herd to another.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Farming was far more productive if the conditions were ideal. Enclosure allowed farmers to specialize in the crops or animals best suited to their local climate, soil and terrain. For example, the flat fertile land in East Anglia was ideal for wheat; fruit trees flourished best in Kent, while the hills of Wales were great for sheep farming. Before 1750, most people were subsistence farmers. This means that they produced only what they needed to survive. Across Britain, families each grew a little corn, some root vegetables and kept a few animals. Specialization Farmers became experts in their specialist produce.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Before 1750, farming was done by hand, with horses pulling ploughs and carts. With the growth of the iron industry, new, heavy duty tools could be mass produced. New machines were invented for activities such as threshing corn. New machinery
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Many machines were still horse-powered, but by the 1850s there were steam-powered traction engines which powered ploughs, chaff-cutters and other machines. These new machines transformed work in the countryside. One or two men could operate a steam tractor which would do the work of ten men. New machinery
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Horse power Horses were usually a farmers most valuable possession in 1750, as they were the only alternative to hand-power.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Horse power During the 19 th century, machinery was designed that could do the work of several men, but was often still horse-powered.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Effects of the Agricultural Revolution
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Life in the countryside changed dramatically during the Agricultural Revolution. Without access to common land, those who had very small farms, or no land at all, found it difficult to get by. Mechanization meant that fewer labourers were needed. Many people in the countryside found themselves out of work. The only help these people had was poor relief. Others left the countryside to find work. These people met with other difficulties in the new industrial towns. Those who could not support themselves went into workhouses, paid for by the wealthier people in society. Effects of the Agricultural Revolution
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 The Agricultural Revolution
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 Choose either 2 or 3: 2.Write a report detailing the main themes you will be including: something about each of animals, crops, land and machinery. What exhibits would you show? 3.Design a brochure or poster to advertise the exhibition. 1.Why was the Agricultural Revolution so important? (Clue: think about what might have happened if production had not increased.) Imagine it is You have been asked to organize an exhibition showing the changes in farming over the last 150 years. Activities
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
A. as is a couldn’t does could has wouldn’t.
Dolch Words the of and to a in that is was.
The people Look for some people. Write it down. By the water So there you are. Who will make it? You and I A long time What will they do?
ECONOMICS IN SOUTHERN AND EASTERN ASIA STANDARD: SS7E8 The student will analyze different economic systems. a. Compare how traditional, command, market.
VAL SANTIAGO VAL SANTIAGO It was discovered that farmers could grow 4 crops in different fields, and rotate every year. It was discovered that farmers.
Land Chapter 4. Section 1 Distinguish between urban and rural land. Describe three major ways in which humans use land. Explain the concept of ecosystem.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
Middle East Unit Three Government & Economics. A nation’s type of government refers to how that state’s executive, legislative, and judicial organs.
In this chapter, you will learn how societies have different economic systems – traditional, free enterprise, socialist, or communist. Each of these systems.
UNIT VI: The Industrial Revolution. The Rise Of Industry While political revolutions swept through Europe and the Americas, an economic revolution shook.
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
The Beginnings of Civilization-One Mrs. Cox Paisley IB World History ONE.
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. ResourcesChapter menu What Is Environmental Science? Environmental Science is the study.
Agricultural Changes 1700s farms were based on the medieval strip system 18 th century the population started to increase Britain needed more food.
Section 1 Science and the Environment Objectives Define environmental science and compare environmental science with ecology. List the five major fields.
Englewood Public Schools Englewood, Colorado 2009 A Compilation of E.W. Dolch 1936, The Reading Teachers Book of Lists, Fourth Edition,© 2000 by Prentice.
What was the What was the role of the role of the railroads? How did the How did the Government help Government help the Homesteaders? the Homesteaders?
BLE 211: Principles of Agriculture and Forestry Lecture 6.
Plenaries on a Plate Made by Mike Gershon – 168 plenaries. For use across the Key Stages and the curriculum.
Animal Farm is an allegory Allegory: A story in which the characters, places and events mean something else, often a real life event. Allegories make.
A World Leader In Brain Based Education How to use Electronic SuperSpeed 1000 Electronic SuperSpeed 1000 (ES 1000) contains 1000 sight words arranged.
TSI & Read Well Vocabulary Created by: Deborah Kirby, Edison Elementary.
Please answer these questions honestly. 3 things you are looking forward to in this class or semester 3 things you are looking forward to in this class.
Beekeeping Notes by Willie Robson January 2010 This is a series of three articles written in response to enquiries from journalists, beekeepers and the.
High Frequency Words List A Group 1. the of and.
Urbansiation 1. What is urbanisation?. 2 First we need to distinguish between rural and urban. Both UK statistics bodies and Canadian acknowledge that.
Urbanisation 1. What is urbanisation? Textbook references: sections 6.1 – 6.3 Pages:
Industrial Revolution Test World Civilization 2014.
Governments in the Middle East. Unitary Government A unitary government system is one in which the central government holds nearly all of the power. In.
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.