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11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture. 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Impacts of Sprawl -NRI 87-92 vs. 92-97 Conversions up from  1.2 Million Acres per.

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Presentation on theme: "11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture. 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Impacts of Sprawl -NRI 87-92 vs. 92-97 Conversions up from  1.2 Million Acres per."— Presentation transcript:

1 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture

2 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Impacts of Sprawl -NRI vs Conversions up from  1.2 Million Acres per year to  2.2 Million Acres per year

3 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture National Map

4 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Conversions American Converted 6,000,000 Acres from  (=~12Alabama Counties) Conversions are a one time crop

5 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Alabama Map

6 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Alabama’s Standing State ranks 13 th in total conversions ,000 Acres (26K/yr) ,000 Acres (63K/yr) State ranks 10 th in Prime Farmland losses to development

7 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Top 20

8 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Growth Factors Population Growth & Migration 0.96% population growth Cheaper Land Transportation Corridor Development Spreading Infrastructure Larger Lots 2% / yr lot size

9 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture

10 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture

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12 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture

13 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture

14 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture

15 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Lot Size 1950’s Average < 1.0 acre / home site 1997 Average > 1.8 acres / home site

16 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Other Factors Absentee Ownership Farm Revenue decreases Off farm employment Cheaper imports

17 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Cost of Community Services

18 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Hidden Costs Emergency response time increases Fire response time increases Insurance (ISO) ratings decrease School bus route time increases (Police response time decreased)

19 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Other Considerations Smell Dust Slow vehicles Chemicals

20 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Environmental Impacts Farmland / Open land Storm water sponge Heat Island sink Air Quality buffer All of these factors will have to be mitigated upon conversion

21 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Food Production

22 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Opportunity Lost Eco Tourism Heritage Trails MicroFarm Enterprises Anything other than Impervious Surfaces

23 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Help? Land Trusts Up from 1 in the ’90’s to 7 in ’02 Farmland Protection Program $900,000 Forever Wild The Nature Conservancy

24 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Options Brownfield redevelopment Greyfield redevelopment Tax breaks Mitigation Banks

25 11/21/2002Sustainable Agriculture Sloss Phytoremediation

26 Paul Kennedy USDA-NRCS x135


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