Presentation on theme: "Broadwater Farm “From Riot to Racial Harmony” Viewfinder Topic Ethnic Diversity in the UK, pp. 23-24."— Presentation transcript:
1Broadwater Farm“From Riot to Racial Harmony” Viewfinder Topic Ethnic Diversity in the UK, pp
2Broadwater Farm: Basic chronology Up to mid-20th century: farmland1967: construction of Broadwater Farm Estate1985: Broadwater Farm riots1993: reconstruction1. Up to mid-20th century: farmland – River Moselle often flooded this area in Tottenham, North London, so it was used as farmland for a long time, although it was so close to the capital. The farm was called “Broadwater Farm”. In 1932, Tottenham Urban District Council acquired the farm and converted the western half of the farmland into a park; the eastern half was kept future development. Strong dykes were built in order to contain River Moselle, and most of it was even covered.
3Broadwater Farm: Basic chronology Up to mid-20th century: farmland1967: construction of Broadwater Farm Estate1985: Broadwater Farm riots1993: reconstruction: construction of Broadwater Farm Estate – In its original form, the estate contained 1,063 flats, laid out for approx. 3,500 people. The design of the estate was inspired by the French pioneer of modern architecture, Le Corbusier ( ); it consisted of large concrete blocks and tall towers. Modern architecture was one reason for linking the 12 housing blocks above ground (“lifting inhabitants away from cars and roads”, p. 23); another reason was that there were no flats, but only car parks at the ground floor because of the high water table (s. “History of Broadwater Farm”, Haringey Council, link on last slide).
4Broadwater Farm: Basic chronology Up to mid-20th century: farmland1967: construction of Broadwater Farm Estate1985: Broadwater Farm riots1993: reconstruction: Broadwater Farm riots -- The walkways proved difficult to control for the police, and the car parks were used by drug dealers -> “Tensions between the youth and the police give rise to civil disturbances. Broadwater Farm’s notorious image of a violent and troubled estate begins to form“ (“History of Broadwater Farm”, Haringey Council). The estate “turned ... into a byword for urban decay, crime and racial tension in Britain’s inner cities” (p. 23).
5Broadwater Farm: Basic chronology Up to mid-20th century: farmland1967: construction of Broadwater Farm Estate1985: Broadwater Farm riots1993: reconstruction: reconstruction -- Things had started to improve after the riots had subsided in 1985, e.g. through the formation of a Residents’ Association in But a great change for the better came in 1993, when a £33 million renovation project was undertaken: The walkways were removed, playgrounds were installed, the blocks got different colour designs – and huge murals were painted on the sides of two blocks: “one of a waterfall on the side of Debden block and one depicting Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King, John Lennon and Bob Marley on Rochford block” (“Broadwater Farm”, Wikipedia).
7Statistics of changes 1985/2005 0 robberies1 house burglaryPopulation 3,800White 30%West African 27%Afro-Caribbean 24%Turkish Kurds 12%Somali & Congolese 7%1985875 burglaries or attempted burglaries50 muggings50 assaultsPopulation 3,500White 49%West Indian/African 42%Indian subcontinent 3%Source: Chirac Trivedi, “Transforming Broadwater Farm”, BBC (link on last slide)
8What the residents say“This is not paradise on earth, [... but ... we] are one big family on Broadwater.”Jennifer Kamara, 35 (p. 23)“[Being] pure English [...] means being tolerant of people, regardless of colour and creed. It means embracing people who are different from you.”Mary Kemp, 82 (p. 24)
9Sources"Broadwater Farm." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Web. 17 Dec <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Broadwater_Farm>.Chirag, Trivedi. "Transforming Broadwater Farm." BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation, 06 Oct Web. 17 Dec <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/london/ stm>.Milmo, Cahal. “Multicultural Britain: An unlikely success story.” The Independent, 5 Oct In: Michael Mitchell, ed. Ethnic Diversity in Britain. Berlin: Langenscheidt, Pp"History of Broadwater Farm." Haringey Council. Haringey Council, 07 Oct Web. 17 Dec <http://www.haringey.gov.uk/index/community_and_leisure/time_out_in_haringey/visiting_haringey/places_to_visit/archives/historyofbroadwaterfarm.htm>.