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7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Endocrine.

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Presentation on theme: "7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Endocrine."— Presentation transcript:

1 7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Endocrine System Chapter 13

2 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions of the Endocrine System

3 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Structures of the Endocrine System

4 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Endocrine System Click Here to play Endocrine System animation

5 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Adrenal Glands Primary Function –Regulate electrolyte levels –Influence metabolism –Respond to stress Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –adren/o (continues)

6 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Adrenal Glands

7 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Gonads* Primary Function –regulate development and maintenance of secondary sex characteristics Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –gonad/o *Males: testicles (2) *Females: ovaries (2)

8 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Secondary Sex Characteristics Click Here to play Secondary Sex Characteristics animation

9 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Male Testicles (Testes) Primary Function –Sperm-producing gland Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –testic/o

10 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Female Ovaries Primary Function –Ova (egg) producing gland Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –ovari/o

11 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pancreatic Islets Primary Function –Control blood sugar levels and glucose metabolism Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –pancreat/o

12 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Pancreas Click Here to play Pancreas animation

13 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Parathyroid Glands Primary Function –Regulate calcium levels throughout the body Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –parathyroid/o

14 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Parathyroid Glands

15 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pineal Gland Primary Function –Influences the sleep-wakefulness cycle Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –pineal/o

16 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pineal Gland

17 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Primary Function –Secretes hormones that control the activity of the other endocrine glands Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –pituit/o, pituitar/o Pituitary Gland (continues)

18 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pituitary Gland

19 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Thymus Primary Function –Plays a major role in the immune reaction Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –thym/o

20 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Thyroid Gland Primary Function –Stimulates metabolism, growth, and the activity of the nervous system Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –thyr/o, thyroid/o

21 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Diabetic Retinopathy Click Here to play Diabetic Retinopathy animation

22 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions acr/o –extremities (hands and feet), top, extreme point adren/o –adrenal glands crin/o –secrete -dipsia –thirst (continues)

23 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions glyc/o –glucose, sugar gonad/o –gonad, sex glands -ism –condition, state of pancreat/o –pancreas (continues)

24 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions parathyroid/o –parathyroid glands pineal/o –pineal gland pituitar/o –pituitary gland poly- –many (continues)

25 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions somat/o –body thym/o –thymus gland thyr/o, thyroid/o –thyroid gland

26 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Questions

27 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question In which organ is insulin produced? a.the pancreas b.the kidney c.the liver

28 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer a. the pancreas

29 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question The thyroid cartilage when enlarged is commonly known as an “Adam’s Apple.” True or False?

30 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer True. The thyroid gland is located just below the thyroid cartilage.

31 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question Hyperglycemia is an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood. True or False?

32 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer False. Hypoglycemia is an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood.

33 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question Which of these is the form in which the liver stores excess blood sugar? a.glucose b.glycogen c.glucagon

34 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer b. glycogen

35 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answers to Learning Exercises

36 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Matching Word Parts adren/o acr/o gonad/o dipsia crin/o Matching Word Parts ism pancreat/o parathyroid/o pineal/o pituitar/o Chapter 13 Answers

37 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Matching Word Parts somat/o poly glyc/o thyroid/o thym/o Definitions luteinizing pituitary adrenocorticotropic thymus calcitonin adrenal cortex glucagon adrenal medulla oxytocin testosterone Chapter 13 Answers

38 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Matching Structures pancreatic islets pituitary gland pineal gland adrenal glands thyroid gland Which Word? acromegaly anterior insulin resistance diabetes insipidus Cushing’s syndrome Chapter 13 Answers

39 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Spelling Counts luteinizing mellitus myxedema progesterone thymosin Abbreviation Identification adrenocorticotropic hormone antidiuretic hormone diabetes mellitus fasting blood sugar follicle-stimulating hormone Chapter 13 Answers

40 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Term Selection thyroid storm hypercalcemia parathyroid prolactinoma fructosamine Sentence Completion electrolytes thyroxine retinopathy polyphagia exophthalmos Chapter 13 Answers

41 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Word Surgery hyper-, pituitar, -ism hypo-, glyc, -emia hyper-, insulin, -ism gynec/o, mast, -ia hypo-, calc, -emia True/False False True False False True Chapter 13 Answers

42 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Clinical Conditions antidiuretic polydipsia Addison’s disease insulinoma Hashimoto’s disease anabolic leptin cretinism gigantism pancreatectomy Which Is the Correct Medical Term? neurohormones pituitary adenoma Graves’ diabetic coma melatonin Chapter 13 Answers

43 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Challenge Word Building adrenopathy endocrinology adrenomegaly thymopathy thyroiditis pancreatotomy thyroidotomy pinealopathy insulinemia adrenitis Labeling Exercises pineal parathyroid thymus ovaries hypothalamus pituitary thyroid adrenal pancreatic testicles Chapter 13 Answers


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