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7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Endocrine.

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Presentation on theme: "7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Endocrine."— Presentation transcript:

1 7th Edition Medical Terminology for Health Professions Ann Ehrlich/Carol L.Schroeder © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Endocrine System Chapter 13

2 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Overview of Structures, Combining Forms, and Functions of the Endocrine System

3 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Structures of the Endocrine System

4 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Endocrine System Click Here to play Endocrine System animation

5 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Adrenal Glands Primary Function –Regulate electrolyte levels –Influence metabolism –Respond to stress Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –adren/o (continues)

6 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Adrenal Glands

7 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Gonads* Primary Function –regulate development and maintenance of secondary sex characteristics Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –gonad/o *Males: testicles (2) *Females: ovaries (2)

8 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Secondary Sex Characteristics Click Here to play Secondary Sex Characteristics animation

9 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Male Testicles (Testes) Primary Function –Sperm-producing gland Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –testic/o

10 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Female Ovaries Primary Function –Ova (egg) producing gland Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –ovari/o

11 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pancreatic Islets Primary Function –Control blood sugar levels and glucose metabolism Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –pancreat/o

12 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved The Pancreas Click Here to play Pancreas animation

13 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Parathyroid Glands Primary Function –Regulate calcium levels throughout the body Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –parathyroid/o

14 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Parathyroid Glands

15 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pineal Gland Primary Function –Influences the sleep-wakefulness cycle Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –pineal/o

16 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pineal Gland

17 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Primary Function –Secretes hormones that control the activity of the other endocrine glands Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –pituit/o, pituitar/o Pituitary Gland (continues)

18 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Pituitary Gland

19 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Thymus Primary Function –Plays a major role in the immune reaction Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –thym/o

20 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Thyroid Gland Primary Function –Stimulates metabolism, growth, and the activity of the nervous system Related Word Parts (Combining Forms) –thyr/o, thyroid/o

21 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Diabetic Retinopathy Click Here to play Diabetic Retinopathy animation

22 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions acr/o –extremities (hands and feet), top, extreme point adren/o –adrenal glands crin/o –secrete -dipsia –thirst (continues)

23 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions glyc/o –glucose, sugar gonad/o –gonad, sex glands -ism –condition, state of pancreat/o –pancreas (continues)

24 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions parathyroid/o –parathyroid glands pineal/o –pineal gland pituitar/o –pituitary gland poly- –many (continues)

25 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Key Word Parts and Definitions somat/o –body thym/o –thymus gland thyr/o, thyroid/o –thyroid gland

26 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Questions

27 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question In which organ is insulin produced? a.the pancreas b.the kidney c.the liver

28 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer a. the pancreas

29 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question The thyroid cartilage when enlarged is commonly known as an “Adam’s Apple.” True or False?

30 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer True. The thyroid gland is located just below the thyroid cartilage.

31 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question Hyperglycemia is an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood. True or False?

32 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer False. Hypoglycemia is an abnormally low concentration of glucose in the blood.

33 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Question Which of these is the form in which the liver stores excess blood sugar? a.glucose b.glycogen c.glucagon

34 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answer b. glycogen

35 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Answers to Learning Exercises

36 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Matching Word Parts 1 13.1. adren/o 13.2. acr/o 13.3. gonad/o 13.4. -dipsia 13.5. crin/o Matching Word Parts 2 13.6. -ism 13.7. pancreat/o 13.8. parathyroid/o 13.9. pineal/o 13.10. pituitar/o Chapter 13 Answers

37 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Matching Word Parts 3 13.11. somat/o 13.12. poly- 13.13. glyc/o 13.14. thyroid/o 13.15. thym/o Definitions 13.16. luteinizing 13.17. pituitary 13.18. adrenocorticotropic 13.19. thymus 13.20. calcitonin 13.21. adrenal cortex 13.22. glucagon 13.23. adrenal medulla 13.24. oxytocin 13.25. testosterone Chapter 13 Answers

38 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Matching Structures 13.26. pancreatic islets 13.27. pituitary gland 13.28. pineal gland 13.29. adrenal glands 13.30. thyroid gland Which Word? 13.31. acromegaly 13.32. anterior 13.33. insulin resistance 13.34. diabetes insipidus 13.35. Cushing’s syndrome Chapter 13 Answers

39 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Spelling Counts 13.36. luteinizing 13.37. mellitus 13.38. myxedema 13.39. progesterone 13.40. thymosin Abbreviation Identification 13.41. adrenocorticotropic hormone 13.42. antidiuretic hormone 13.43. diabetes mellitus 13.44. fasting blood sugar 13.45. follicle-stimulating hormone Chapter 13 Answers

40 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Term Selection 13.46. thyroid storm 13.47. hypercalcemia 13.48. parathyroid 13.49. prolactinoma 13.50. fructosamine Sentence Completion 13.51. electrolytes 13.52. thyroxine 13.53. retinopathy 13.54. polyphagia 13.55. exophthalmos Chapter 13 Answers

41 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Word Surgery 13.56. hyper-, pituitar, -ism 13.57. hypo-, glyc, -emia 13.58. hyper-, insulin, -ism 13.59. gynec/o, mast, -ia 13.60. hypo-, calc, -emia True/False 13.61. False 13.62. True 13.63. False 13.64. False 13.65. True Chapter 13 Answers

42 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Clinical Conditions 13.66. antidiuretic 13.67. polydipsia 13.68. Addison’s disease 13.69. insulinoma 13.70. Hashimoto’s disease 13.71. anabolic 13.72. leptin 13.73. cretinism 13.74. gigantism 13.75. pancreatectomy Which Is the Correct Medical Term? 13.76. neurohormones 13.77. pituitary adenoma 13.78. Graves’ 13.79. diabetic coma 13.80. melatonin Chapter 13 Answers

43 © 2013 Delmar, Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved Challenge Word Building 13.81. adrenopathy 13.82. endocrinology 13.83. adrenomegaly 13.84. thymopathy 13.85. thyroiditis 13.86. pancreatotomy 13.87. thyroidotomy 13.88. pinealopathy 13.89. insulinemia 13.90. adrenitis Labeling Exercises 13.91. pineal 13.92. parathyroid 13.93. thymus 13.94. ovaries 13.95. hypothalamus 13.96. pituitary 13.97. thyroid 13.98. adrenal 13.99. pancreatic 13.100. testicles Chapter 13 Answers


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