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The Reproductive System

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Presentation on theme: "The Reproductive System"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Reproductive System
Medical Terminology The Reproductive System

2 Medical Terminology Combining form/word root Meaning amni/o amnion
cervic/o neck of cervix colp/o, vagin/o vagina embry/o embryo gravida pregnancy gyn/o female, women hyster/o uterus lact/o milk mamm/o breast men/o month, menstruation nat/o birth

3 Medical Terminology Combining form/word root Meaning
oophor/o, ovari/o ovary orch/o, tets/o testes ov/o egg prostat/o prostate salping/o tube sperm/o sperm vas/o vessel; duct; vas deferens obstetr/o pregnancy; birth -blast embryonic; immature -rrhea flow; discharge -partum birth; labor episi/o vulva(external genital organs of the female) obstetr/o pregnancy; birth

4 Medical Terminology Amenorrhea A/men/orrhea
An abnormal absence of menstrual periods Anovulation An/ovulation The absence of ovulation Antepartum Ante/partum Before birth, labor Cervicitis Cervic/itis An inflammation of the cervix

5 Medical Terminology Colporrhexis Colp/o/rrhexis
Rupture of the vaginal wall Colposcopy Colp/o/scopy A visual examination of the tissues of the vagina Dysmenorrhea Dys/men/orrhea Pain during a menstrual period(bursting forth of blood)

6 Medical Terminology Episiorrhaphy Episi/o/rrhaphy
The surgical suturing to repair an episiotomy(vulva) Episiotomy Episi/otomy A surgical incision made through the vulva to prevent tearing of the tissues as the infant moves out of the birth canal

7 Medical Terminology Gynecologist Gynec/ologist
A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system Hemospermia Hem/o/sperm/ia The presence of blood in the seminal fluid Hypermenorrhea Hyper/men/o/rrhea An excessive amount of menstrual flow

8 Medical Terminology Hysterectomy Hyster/ectomy
The surgical removal of the uterus Hysterosalpingography Hyster/o/salping/o/graphy An examination of the uterus and fallopian tubes Mastalgia Mast/algia Pain in the breast Neonate Neo/nate New birth(infant up to 4 weeks) Neonatologist Neo/nat/o/logist A physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the newborn

9 Medical Terminology Obstetrician(OB) Obstetr/ician
A physician who specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediately thereafter Ovariorrhexis Ovari/o/rrhexis The rupture of an ovary Postpartum Post/partum After childbirth

10 Medical Terminology Spermatogenesis Spermat/o/genesis
The process of sperm formation Testitis Test/itis Inflammation of one or both testicles Vasectomy Vas/ectomy The male sterilization procedure in which a small portion of the vas deferens is surgically removed

11 Medical Terminology What is a gamete
Is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization(sperm and ovum) What is a zygote The single cell formed that results from the union of sperm and egg; a new life How many chromosomes do we have? 23 pairs, for a total of 46 Females have two copies of the these (sex chromosomes?)  X chromosome Males have? one X and one Y chromosome

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