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Walajtys. - Base component of a term - Can identify which part of the body a term relates to  Ex: card = heart  hemat = blood  neur = nerve  pneum.

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Presentation on theme: "Walajtys. - Base component of a term - Can identify which part of the body a term relates to  Ex: card = heart  hemat = blood  neur = nerve  pneum."— Presentation transcript:

1 Walajtys

2 - Base component of a term - Can identify which part of the body a term relates to  Ex: card = heart  hemat = blood  neur = nerve  pneum = lung

3  Modifying component located at the BEGINNING of a word  ex: xero = dry skin  dipl = double  sud = under

4  Modifying component of a term located at the END of a word  Ex:derma = skin  opia = vision  lingu = tongue

5  Completes the connection of the different word parts (prefixes and suffixes)  Ex:  pneum (lung) + thorax (chest) CV = O  pneum(o)thorax = pneunothorax  Cardio+my+(o)+pathy =  Cardiomyopathy

6  Root Words AngiVessel AortAorta CardHeart OxyOxygen PectorChest PhlebVein StenosisNarrowing ThrombClot Vas(cu)Blood Vessel VenVein

7  Hypertension Erythrocyte  ThrombosisLeukocyte  PhlebitisSystolic  ArteriosclerosisDiastolic  Cardiomyopathy  Myocardial  Tachycardia  Venous

8 Root WordMeaning AdrenaAdrenal GlycSugar LipidFat NephrKidney PancreatPancreas SomatBody ThymThymus

9  Endocrine  Hyperlipidemia  Hypothyroidism  Somatic  Hyperglycemia

10 RootMeaning CholBile ColColon DuodenDuodenum EnterIntestine EsophagEsophagus HepatLiver LaparAbdomen PacreatPancreas

11  Anorexia  Aphagia  Appendicitis  Colitis  Diarrhea  Hepatitis  Hepatoma  Gastritis  Gastroenteritis

12 RootMeaning AdipFat Cutane/DermaSkin HistTissue KeratHard MastBreast NecrDeath OnychNail

13  Dermatitis  Lactation  Mastectomy  Onychomycosis  Pachyderma  Subcutaneous  Transdermal  Keratosis  Epidermis

14 RootMeaning AdenGland CytCell Hemo, hematBlood Lymph SplenSpleen ThrombClot ThymThymus

15  Adenopathy  Hematoma  Hemophilia  Lymphoid  Lymphoma  Leukemia  Splenectomy  Lymphocytes

16 RootMeaning ChondrCartilage MyMuscle FibrFiber TendinTendon

17  Fibromyalgia  Chondromalacia  Myonecrosis  Myoplasty  Tendinitis

18 RootMeaning CerebrCerebrum DementioTo be mad EncephalBrain EsthesiSensation MeningMeninges MyelSpinal cord NeurNerve

19  Encephalitis  Neuralgia  Neuroma  Dementia  Cerebral Vascular  Meningitis  Hyperesthesia  Dysphasia

20 Root ArthrJointCarpWrist CraniSkullDactylFinger or Toe FemorThigh boneFibul Small outer lower leg bone Humer Upper arm bone OsteBone PatellKnee capPed, PodFoot PelvPelvisPhalang Bones of fingers, toes Rachi/Spo ndyl VertebraeStern Sternum, breastbone Tibi Lower leg bone

21  Arthritis  Carpal  Osteoarthritis  Osteocarcinoma  Arthralgia  Craniomalacia  Rachitis  Periostitis

22 RootMeaning GynecWoman HysterUterus LactMilk Mamm/MastBreast Metr/UterUterus OvariOvary TocBirth SalpingFallopian tube

23  Amenorrhea  Dysmenorrhea  Endometriosis  Gynecology  Mammogram  Mastitis  Salpingocyesis  Vaginitis  Dystocia

24 RootMeaning AndrMale BalanGlans Penis Orchid, TestTestis, Testicle ProstatProstate Sperm VasVessel, Duct VesiculSeminal vesicles

25  Aspermia  Prostatitis  Seminoma  Vasectomy  Balantis  Cryptorchidism  Androphobia

26 Root AerAirAeroGas BronchBronchusCapnCarbon dioxide LaryngLarynxNasNose OxOxygenPectorChest PnuemLung, AirPulmonAir Sinus

27  Apnea  Bronchitis  Dyspnea  Laryngitis  Paranasal  Pneumonia  Pulmonary  Sinusitis  Pectoralgia

28 RootMeaning AlbuminProtein CystBladder Nephr/RenKidney Ureter UrethrUrethra UriaUrine, urination VesicBladder

29  Anuria  Cystitis  Nephritis  Polyuria  Uremia  Dysuria  Nephrolithiasis  Albuminuria

30 RootMeaning Acous/AudiHearing AcusisHearing condition CeruminWax-like, waxy MyringEardrum OtEar SalpingEustachian tube TympanEar drum

31  Otalgia  Otorrhea  Paracusis  Tympanitis  Otorrhagia  Labyrinthitis  Myringotomy  Otomycosis  Acoustic

32 RootMeaning BlepharEyelid CorneCornea Dacry, LacrimalTear, Tear duct Irid, IrIris Ocul, OpthalmEye RetinRetina

33  Blepharitis  Conjunctivitis  Retinitis  Amblyopia  Blepharoptosis  Endophthalmitis  Oculomycisis  Opthamology

34 - Estimated that over 10,000 abbreviations exist in medical practice - Possible to have more than one meaning, so remember to think IN CONTEXT (does this make sense??)

35  rs/MrsWalajtys rs/MrsWalajtys 


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