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Organisation of the Body Dr. Belal Hijji,RN, PhD September 26, 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "Organisation of the Body Dr. Belal Hijji,RN, PhD September 26, 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 Organisation of the Body Dr. Belal Hijji,RN, PhD September 26, 2010

2 2 Learning Outcomes At the end of this lecture, students will be able to: Identify the various body systems Recognise the terminology relevant to the circulatory, digestive, endocrine, female reproductive, and lymphatic systems.

3 3 Body Systems There are 11 systems. These are: –Circulatory system (heart, blood, and blood vessels) –Lymphatic system (lymph vessels, nodes, and lymph) –Digestive system –Endocrine system The digestive system organs in the abdominal cavity include the liver, gallbladder, stomach, small intestine and large intestine.

4 4 –Female and male reproductive system –Musculoskeletal system (muscles, bones, joints, and connective tissue “ cartilage, fat ” ) –Nervous system –Respiratory system –Skin and sense organ system (skin, eyes, and ears) receives messages from the environment and sends them to brain. –Urinary system (kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra)

5 5 Circulatory System Terminology MeaningTerminologyMeaningCombining Form Surgical repair of blood vesselangioplastyvesselangi/o Narrowing of the aortaaortic stenosisaortaaort/o Hardening of arteriesarteriosclerosisarteryarteri/o Inflammation of arteriolesarteriolitisarteriolearteriol/o Disease of heart musclecardiomyopathyheartcardi/o Vessels that carry oxy. blood from aorta to heart coronary arteriesheartcoron/o Incision of veinPhlebotomyveinphleb/o Pertaining to within a veinintravenousveinven/o Inflammation of venulesvenulitisvenulevenulo/o

6 6 Digestive System Terminology MeaningTerminologyMeaningCombining Form Opening of the rectumanalanusan/o Removal of appendixappendectomyappendixappend/o Inflammation of appendixappendicitisappendixappendic/o Removal of gallbladder Gallbladder inflammation cholecystectomy cholecystitis gallbladdercholecyst/o Opening of coloncolostomycoloncol/o Visual exam. of coloncolonoscopycoloncolon/o Pertaining to duodenumduodenalduodenumduoden/o Pertaining to esophagusesophagealesophagusesophag/o Stomach paingastralgiastomachgastr/o New opening between stomach and jejunum gastrojejunostomyjejunumjejun/o Pertaining to mouthoralmouthor/o Visual exam. of sigmoidsigmoidoscopysigmoid colonsigmoid/o

7 7 Endocrine System Terminology MeaningTerminologyMeaningCombining Form Disease of adrenal glandAdrenopathyAdrenal glandAdren/o Removal of adrenal glandadrenalectomyAdrenal glandAdrenal/o Pertaining to pituitary gland hypophysealPituitary glandHypophys/o Inflammation of ovaryoophoritisOvaryOophor/o Sac containing fluid in or on ovary ovarian cystOvaryOvari/o Removal of pancreaspancreatectomyPancreasPancreat/o Higher than normal level of parathyroid hormone hyperparathyroidismParathyroidParathyroid/o Decrease of hormonal secretion by the pituitary hypopituitarismPituitary glandPituitar/o Tumor of thymus glandthymomaThymus glandThym/o Inflammation of thyroidthyroadenitisThyroid glandThyroaden/o Removal of the thyroidThyroidectomyThyroid glandThyroid/o

8 8 Female Reproductive System Terminology MeaningTerminologyMeaningCombining Form Pertaining to cervixcervicalcervixCervic/o Visual exam of vaginacolposcopyvaginaColp/o Inflammation of vaginavaginitisvaginaVagin/o Removal of uterushysterectomyuterusHyster/o X-ray record of breastmammogrambreastMamm/o Removal of breastmastectomybreastMast/o Inner lining of uterusendometriumuterusMetri/o Pertaining to uterusuterineuterusUter/o Egg cell (ovum)oocyteeggO/o Removal of ovaryoophorectomyovaryOophor/o Inflammation of fallopian tube Removal of fallopian tube Salpingitis Salpingectomy fallopian tubeSalping/o

9 9 Lymphatic System Terminology MeaningTerminologyMeaningCombining Form Malignant tumor of lymphatic tissue lymphomaLymph fluidLymph/o Removal of lymph nodes Disease of lymph nodes lymphadenectomy lymphadenopathy Lymph node ( “ gland ” ) Lymphaden/o Dilation of lymph vesselslymphangiectasisLymph vesselLymphangi/o Enlargement of spleenSplenomegalySpleenSplen/o

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