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Building of Research Team in the Field of Environmental Modeling and the Use of Geoinformation Systems with the Consequence in Participation in International.

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Presentation on theme: "Building of Research Team in the Field of Environmental Modeling and the Use of Geoinformation Systems with the Consequence in Participation in International."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building of Research Team in the Field of Environmental Modeling and the Use of Geoinformation Systems with the Consequence in Participation in International Networks and Programs Registry number: CZ.1.07/2.3.00/

2 The spatial impact of high voltage transmission lines over the European landscape Mircea ARDELEAN

3 High Voltage Lines Corridors What are the high voltage line corridors? Methodology What is their impact over the space? Conclusions

4 High Voltage Lines Corridors What are the high voltage line corridors?

5 High Voltage Lines Corridors What are the high voltage line corridors? m Right of Way (ROW)

6 High Voltage Lines Corridors What are the high voltage line corridors? Right of Way – differs from country to country m …………. Below 110kV m …………. 110kV m …………. 220kV m …………. 400kV m …………. 750kV Importance: Access for maintenance Protection from accidents Restrictions on building and activities Act as selective and partial barrier Impact over the economy of the crossed spaces Disrupt the space

7 High Voltage Lines Corridors What are the high voltage line corridors? Methodology What is their impact over the space? Conclusions

8 High Voltage Lines Corridors Methodology Source of data PLATTS electrical transmission dataset European Population Grid GESTAT Corine Land Cover 2006 Natura 2000 Soil Atlas …other datasets Reliability

9 High Voltage Lines Corridors Methodology – the work flow

10 High Voltage Lines Corridors Methodology High population density areas Above 300 in./km 2 85% of population lives in areas with densities ≥ 300 in./km 2 = average European population density 150 in./ km 2 X 2

11 High Voltage Lines Corridors Methodology Cost estimation 3% lower real estate price neighboring an electric line (McNair & Abelson, 2010) Land below an electric line is lost for real estate land price = 50 euro /sqm as European average

12 High Voltage Lines Corridors What are the high voltage line corridors? Methodology What is their impact over the space? Conclusions

13 High Voltage Lines Corridors Impact High voltage corridors: km 2 area, km length 0,25% from total area, 5 km/100km 2

14 High Voltage Lines Corridors Impact Corridors cost in high density areas 400 km 2 area, 8800 km length 0,30% from total area 6,6 km/100km 2

15 High Voltage Lines Corridors Impact Corridors cost in high density areas 20 bln € 600 mln €

16 High Voltage Lines Corridors Impact Corridors in Natura km 2

17 High Voltage Lines Corridors Impact Corridors in CLC 2006 CLC 2006 classeskm2 11x Artificial surfaces - Urban447 12x Artificial surfaces - Industrial227 14x Artificial surfaces - Green urban areas43 21x Agricultural areas - Arable land x Forest and semi natural areas - Forests x Forest and semi natural areas - Scrub, Natural grasslands911 41x Wetlands235

18 High Voltage Lines Corridors Impact – Case study: Czech Republic Area: 267 km 2 Length: 5330 km Urban area: 24 km 2 Urban length: 480 km

19 High Voltage Lines Corridors Impact – Case study: Czech Republic 11x Artificial urban: 10 km 2 12x-13x Artificial industrial: 3 km 2 14x Artificial green: 0,5 km 2 21x-24x Agricultural arable: 174 km 2 31x Forests: 45 km 2 32x-33x Grassland: 2 km 2 4xx-5xx Wetlands&Water: 1,5 km 2

20 High Voltage Lines Corridors What are the high voltage line corridors? Methodology What is their impact over the space? Conclusions

21 High Voltage Lines Corridors Conclusions Affected area: km 2 – Size of small country Estimated costs: more than 20 bln euros in real estate more than 3,5 bln euros in forests Remedies Underground cables Increase line’s capacity Distributed energy

22 Thank you ! Mircea ARDELEAN


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