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Kenya and Tanzania Savannah, Great Rift, and Volcanoes.

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1 Kenya and Tanzania Savannah, Great Rift, and Volcanoes

2 Objectives Identify Kenya and Tanzania on a blank map of Sub- Saharan Africa. Understand why ethnic groups lay across the border between Kenya, Tanzania, and their neighbors. List two of the three natural geographic landmarks of this area.

3 Terms and People Savannah is a flat grassland with few trees. The Kikuyu are the largest ethnic group in Kenya. The Maasai are a tall people, semi-nomadic, traditionally hunters and warriors. Semi-nomadic people are those that wander part of the year and are settled part of the year. Nairobi is the capital of Kenya.

4 Terms and People Lingua franca is a language widely used to communicate among speakers of other languages. Multiparty system is when more than one political party is allowed to run for elections. Harambee is Privatization is allowing private companies to control business that was once run by the government.

5 Kenya Tanzania The smaller lake countries lie just to the west. Somalia, the Horn of Africa, lies just to the north. Both of these nations lie on the Indian Ocean. Puzzle-shaped Mozambique lies just to the south. Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean

6 Mt. Kenya Mt. Kenya and Mt. Kilimanjaro are the two tallest mountains in Africa. Mt. Kilimanjaro is an active volcano. In spite of being so near the equator, they have snow on their tops all year round. Mt. Kilimanjaro

7 Lake Victoria Lake Victoria is the second largest lake in the world, after Lake Superior. Lake Victoria is the source of the Nile. Lake Victoria is the center of a basin, an area in which almost all the water flows toward a center.

8 In spite of being in French, what can be learned from this infographic map? The population around Lake Victoria is growing over the years.

9 Lake Victoria Tanzania was the colony of Germany. Queen Victoria of England and the Kaiser of Germany were cousins. Some say they made the border where it is so that they could each have a great mountain and they could split Lake Victoria. Kenya was once a colony of Britain. Mt. Kenya Mt. Kilimanjaro

10 Their job of drawing the border seemed to have little to do with ethnic groups! Minty-green represents areas where the “Afro- Asiatic” group lives, including Somalis. Pinkish-purple represents areas where the “Nilo- Saharan” group lives, including the Maasai. Browns and greens represent areas where the “Niger-Congo” group lives, including the Kikuyu.

11 Note how the ethnic groups spill over even into neighboring nations.

12 The Maasai (also spelled Masai) are a semi-nomadic people located in Kenya and northern Tanzania. The Maasai live on the savannah and are cattle-herders and hunters. Because they have distinctive customs and dress and because they live near the East African game parks, they are among the most well known of African ethnic groups. Young Maasai men show their athletic ability by jumping straight up from a standing position.


14 The Kikuyu (sometimes spelled Gikuyu) tend to live in more forested parts of East Africa. The Kikuyu are traditionally small farm owners. They are often Christians. Although many Kikuyu still wear traditionally dress, many are wearing modern western clothes. Many Kikuyu are also moving to the big cities.

15 Although they account for only 22% of Kenya's population, the Kikuyu are the largest group and have dominated Kenyan economy. Today, the Kikuyus drive most of Kenya's mini-trucks and taxis, run its newspapers, make up its civil service, own the glitziest hotels and the remotest roadside kiosks. They also have provided two of Kenya's three presidents. Being better educated and richer than other tribes in Kenya, the Kikuyus have aroused some bad feelings.



18 Which country is Kenya? A B C D A B C D Which country is Tanzania? A B C D On which ocean do both Kenya and Tanzania both have coastline? Atlantic Indian Pacific Mediterranean Kenya and Tanzania’s borders were drawn to suit what or whom? The Masaai and the Kikuyu Queen Victoria and the Kaiser The United States and the Soviet Union India and the South African Union Which two roles would a young Masaai man most likely wish to have? Merchant and house-owner Fisherman and boat-owner Warrior and cattle-owner Driver and taxi-owner Which group is the largest in Kenya, and yet does not have a majority? Masaai British Somali Kikuyu



21 Please read: “Kenya.” World Studies: Africa. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, 2005. pgs. 178-182. And “Tanzania.” World Studies: Africa. Pearson-Prentice-Hall, 2005. pgs. 171-175.

22 patches/2008/02/who_are_the_kikuyu.html

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