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1 UN’s Commission for Sustainable Development Mobilizing Private Sector Financing for Energy Projects: BREAKING BARRIERS May 11, 2006 Jonathan Hoffman,

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Presentation on theme: "1 UN’s Commission for Sustainable Development Mobilizing Private Sector Financing for Energy Projects: BREAKING BARRIERS May 11, 2006 Jonathan Hoffman,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 UN’s Commission for Sustainable Development Mobilizing Private Sector Financing for Energy Projects: BREAKING BARRIERS May 11, 2006 Jonathan Hoffman, Director, InfraCo

2 2 Barriers: Private Sector Investment in the Energy/Power Sector What are the barriers? InfraCo as a barrier breaker! Countries – a close up look How to break barriers Capital requirements

3 3 NON-SYSTEMIC BARRIERS Typical best practices may lead us astray Special operations by outsiders Stretch Goals Detailed game plan Experts Results Oriented Apply lessons of past successes

4 4 SYSTEMIC BARRIERS All Market Players are Aware of the following: Lack of creditworthiness of offtakers Ability of consumers to pay full tariff Legal system’s lack of clarity Land rights Changing regulatory system Stability of political leadership Corruption Currency: Depreciation, Convert & Repat

5 5 InfraCo as a Barrier Breaker Funds high risk development capital from project origination Brings experience from numerous projects, markets and economic cycles Gets local Accesses ministries, SOEs and market drivers

6 6 InfraCo Privately managed infrastructure project development company funded through the Private Infrastructure Development Group (PIDG) comprising: DGIS (Netherlands) SIDA (Sweden) SDC (Switzerland) DFID (United Kingdom) World Bank, Cooperation Agreement with IFC International Finance Corporation Operates in South Asia, South East Asia and Sub-Sahara Africa Develops Infrastructure Projects in the Power, Transportation and Water sectors Creates privately financed infrastructure projects balancing the interests of host governments, private sector investors and financiers

7 7 Project Development Process Early stage infrastructure development Is a complex, protracted and risky process time Identify possible opportunities Pre-feasibility studies (markets, costs, regulation) Negotiate regulatory contract Negotiate input supply agreements Negotiate offtake agreements (volumes, price) Negotiate contractual subsidies Secure rights to land, facilities, consents Negotiate local partnership agreements Commercial structuring to manage risks Full business and financial plan Arrange third party finance

8 8 Projects Under Development Kalangala – InfraCo is developing the infrastructure required for this integrated agribusiness project in Uganda Cenpower – InfraCo is developing a greenfield 300 MW IPP in Tema that will use gas from the West Africa Pipeline Sunyani Housing – InfraCo has agreed to develop housing in an area of Ghana that is short of adequate and affordable housing Aba Power – InfraCo has agreed to develop this 120 MW IPP in SE Nigeria

9 Breaking the Barriers: Vietnam Power demand –Growth of approx 15% pa –Electric consumption 2002: 392 kwh/person CROSSROADS! –Support private sector investment Vs. Stifle growth Barriers: Overly complex Inadequate local law Local partners reluctant to cede control Sector reform – potentially premature Efforts to break barriers: Know the people MOJ support int’l law & arb Transfer knowledge Consistent/clear message –Minister/SOE roundtable Conclusion: Leaders recognize – Embrace private investors Patience, Patience, Patience

10 Breaking the Barriers: Uganda Installed Capacity: 300MW Current Situation: Severe Load Shedding due to lower hydro-electric production (falling water levels in Lake Victoria) and increase in demand Deregulated Energy Sector with Single Buyer (Transmission Company) willing to enter into long-term contracts Barriers: –Poor credit of transmission company; requiring Government Support, itself in need of enhancement –Sector under financial strain due to cost of thermal energy emergency power (diesel-fired generators) –Low electrification levels (4% of households) Effort to break the barriers: Structure Credit Enhancements to Support Obligations of Government of Uganda Development of alternative energy projects; Development of electric distribution projects

11 Breaking the Barriers: Ghana Growth in Power Demand – approx 70 MW (6%) pa Real GDP growth pa was between 4.0% and 5.5% between ’01 – ’04 Political Stability Barriers Tariffs too low, sector cash flow too low, VRA/ECG credit weak Important areas of regulatory reform yet to be implemented (e.g. grid company) Allocation of benefits of low cost hydro to IPP customer not solved Efforts to break the barriers: Developing IPP to contract directly with bulk consumers (Goldmines) Exploring sector cash flow waterfall structure Exploring contract with VRA to solve road blocks : – intermediate transmission agreement – contract for balancing of power allowing some hydro benefits to be passed on to bulk consumers Conclusion Government participation still crucial to success of IPPs

12 Breaking the Barriers: Zambia Demand growth exceeds 10% pa attributable to mining and agricultural sector Good investment in telecoms and mining and recently, agriculture Barriers: Small market Appreciating currency given mineral exports High local interest rates Efforts to break the barriers: New ways to enhance local currency finance Conclusion: Zambia is a fairly attractive economy Off investors’ radar screen

13 Breaking the Barriers: Mozambique Demand growth outpacing supply, especially in metro and agricultural areas Hydro dependent Gas reserves can provide generation diversification EDM, single distributor is willing to enter into PPAs Barriers: Poor credit of transmission co Low electrification levels Many rural areas do not have electricity Efforts to break the barriers: Develop new power using export potential (S. Africa) as commercial anchor Alternative energy –Small scale hydro –Bio-diesel and ethanol Development of transmission capability from northern gas fields to S. Africa supply Maputo and Beira along the way

14 Breaking the Barriers: Nigeria Installed Capacity: 4,000 MW Population: 150 million Industrial users dependant upon costly diesel Gas currently flared, thus not used in generation Positive transition – State owned power company to be restructured and privatized Barriers: Environment for private sector investment only now being established – regulator created 2006 Reputation for non-transparent procurement Efforts to break the barriers: Development of gas fired power plant and distribution concession Partnership with local developer, plus strong backing from major multilateral lenders Work with Government regulators to develop bankable regulatory arrangements – first IPP in Nigeria

15 15 How to Break Barriers Get local – be an insider Establish realistic, shared goals Consider pilot projects Have a flexible game plan Share knowledge and experience Learn and enjoy the ride Realize the uniqueness of your project

16 16 Capital Requirements Break the barriers before you go broke!

17 17 Contacts tony.clamp gad.cohen ebbe.hamilton jonathan.hoffman


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