Presentation on theme: "AFRICAAFRICA GEO BOWL. TEN LARGEST ECONOMIES (by Gross Domestic Product) 1. Republic of South Africa 2. Arab Republic of Egypt 3. Federal Republic of."— Presentation transcript:
TEN LARGEST ECONOMIES (by Gross Domestic Product) 1. Republic of South Africa 2. Arab Republic of Egypt 3. Federal Republic of Nigeria 4. People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria 5. Kingdom of Morocco 6. Republic of Angola 7. Tunisian Republic 8. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 9. Republic of the Sudan (North Sudan) 10. Republic of Ghana
TEN LARGEST COUNTRIES 1. People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria 2. Democratic Republic of the Congo 3. Republic of the Sudan (North Sudan) 4. Libya 5. Republic of Chad 6. Republic of Niger 7. Republic of Angola 8. Republic of Mali 9. Republic of South Africa 10. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
5 IMPORTANT LEADERS Mohamed MURSI (President of Egypt) - Democratically elected after the fall of dictator Hosni MUBARAK. Desmond TUTU (Retired Bishop and Social Rights Leader) – Internationally respected and recognized as a social rights leader. TUTU is from South Africa. Robert MUGABE (President of Zimbabwe) – Zimbabwean dictator who has become increasingly authoritarian in recent years. Nelson MANDELA (Ex-President of South Africa) – Popular and beloved civil rights activist who protested apartheid. Salva KIIR (President of South Sudan) – He serves as president of the newest African country, South Sudan, with his trademark cowboy hat given to him by George W. Bush.
MAJOR EXPORTS 1. Oil and Petroleum 2. Copper and Minerals 3. Raw Materials 4. Agricultural Products NOTE: Many Africans are subsistence farmers, and have no official employment.
MAJOR GROUPS African Union: dedicated to peace, economic growth, and development on the African continent; all African countries except Morocco are members, while Madagascar is suspended ECOWAS: economic and political alliance of West African states, dedicated to economic and internal development in West Africa OPEC: economic organization of countries whose primary export is petroleum; Algeria, Libya, Angola, and Nigeria are members Community of Sahel-Saharan States: group made up of most North African states Commonwealth of Nations: started as an organization of ex-British colonies, it now includes some countries that were never tied to the U.K, including Mozambique
BASIC FACTS 57 Sovereign Countries 2 Unrecognized (Somaliland, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic) 5 Principal Regions: North Africa: Blue West Africa: Green Central Africa: Pink East Africa: Yellow South Africa: Red
MAJOR RECENT EVENTS ARAB SPRING: series of revolutions or uprisings in North Africa LIBYAN REVOLUTION: part of the Arab Spring, it deposed bizarre and authoritarian dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 WAR IN NORTHERN MALI: following a military coup, Islamist terrorist groups seize control of northern Mali and murder, pillage, and destroy villages COUP IN GUINEA-BISSAU: with a long history of military coups, this small country experienced another last year AU INTERVENTION IN SOMALIA: Somalia, largely lawless a few years ago, was recently the scene of a series of actions by the AU and neighboring countries to stamp out Islamist group Al-Shabab, which had terrorized the southern countryside for years. The capitol Mogadishu and the port of Kismayo were liberated recently SA MINER INCIDENT: miners protesting in South Africa were shot dead by police, who they ran at during a protest rally
DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA Dark Green: very democratic – Dark Red: no democratic process Yellow: Hybrid Regimes – Grey: no information currently available
INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims to be the legitimate government of Western Sahara, while Morocco occupies it and claims it as a historic part of its territory. Somalia and Ethiopia dispute the Ogaden region. Somaliland has declared independence from Somalia, but has limited international recognition. The DRC does not exercise strong control over some parts of its eastern territory, which are rebel held or plagued. South Sudan, Ethiopia, and Kenya dispute a small triangle of territory in between themselves. Sudan and South Sudan dispute their border, notably to the far west and around the oil-rich Abyei area. Angola faces an ongoing fight with rebels seeking independence for the enclave of Cabinda.
POOREST COUNTIRES (PPC) From Poorest by Personal Per Capita 1. Democratic Republic of the Congo 2. Republic of Liberia 3. Republic of Zimbabwe 4. Republic of Burundi 5. Somalia 6. State of Eritrea 7. Republic of Niger 8. Central African Republic 9. Republic of Madagascar 10. Republic of Malawi 11. Republic of Sierra Leone 12. Togolese Republic 13. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 14. Republic of Mozambique 15. Republic of Guinea