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Identifying Global Economic Opportunities ….. the next steps Prof. Jamaluddin Husain Purdue University Calumet, USA Symposium on: EMERGING TRENDS, THREATS.

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Presentation on theme: "Identifying Global Economic Opportunities ….. the next steps Prof. Jamaluddin Husain Purdue University Calumet, USA Symposium on: EMERGING TRENDS, THREATS."— Presentation transcript:

1 Identifying Global Economic Opportunities ….. the next steps Prof. Jamaluddin Husain Purdue University Calumet, USA Symposium on: EMERGING TRENDS, THREATS & OPPORTUNITIES Houston, TX

2 ASSUMPTIONS: 1. We wish to identify investment & business opportunities in “countries of opportunities” 2. Most of us would be interested in “active investment” possibilities, i.e., where we have personal involvement & control over our investment/business

3 IDENTIFYING “COUNTRIES OF OPPORTUNITY” PERSONAL CRITERIA could be: a.Language preferences b.Country of origin; presence of family c.Religious factors, like JKs, etc. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS could be: d.Political stability e.Linguistic ease, flexibility f.Economic Stage of the country, etc. 3June Houston-EPB-JHusain

4 COUNTRIES WITH “AKDN” PRESENCE 1. Afghanistan 2. Bangladesh 3. Bosnia-Herzegovina 4. Burkina Faso 5. Canada 6. Congo (Dem Rep of) 7. Ivory Coast 8. Egypt 9. India 10. Kazakhstan 11. Kenya 12. Kyrgyz Republic 13. Madagascar 14. Mali 15. Mozambique 16. Pakistan 17. Portugal 18. Switzerland 19. Syria 20. Tajikistan 21. Tanzania (& Zanzibar) 22. Uganda 23. United Kingdom 24. United States 4June Houston-EPB-JHusain

5 (*) DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (**) POLITICALLY UNSTABLE COUNTRIES 1. Afghanistan 2. Bangladesh 3. Bosnia-Herzegovina 4. Burkina Faso 5. Canada (*) 6. Congo (Dem Rep of) 7. Ivory Coast 8. Egypt (**) 9. India 10. Kazakhstan 11. Kenya 12. Kyrgyz Republic 13. Madagascar 14. Mali 15. Mozambique 16. Pakistan 17. Portugal 18. Switzerland (*) 19. Syria (**) 20. Tajikistan 21. Tanzania (& Zanzibar) 22. Uganda 23. United Kingdom (*) 24. United States (*) 5June Houston-EPB-JHusain

6 POLITICALLY STABLE “DEVELOPING” COUNTRIES 1. Afghanistan 2. Bangladesh 3. Bosnia-Herzegovina 4. Burkina Faso 5. Congo (Dem Rep of) 6. Ivory Coast 7. India 8. Kazakhstan 9. Kenya 10. Kyrgyz Republic 11. Madagascar 12. Mali 13. Mozambique 14. Pakistan 15. Portugal 16. Tajikistan 17. Tanzania (& Zanzibar) 18. Uganda 6June Houston-EPB-JHusain

7 COUNTRIES with no JKs 1. Afghanistan 2. Bangladesh 3. Bosnia-Herzegovina 4. Burkina Faso 5. Congo (Dem Rep of) 6. Ivory Coast 7. India 8. Kazakhstan 9. Kenya 10.Kyrgyz Republic 11. Madagascar 12. Mali 13. Mozambique 14. Pakistan 15. Portugal 16. Tajikistan 17. Tanzania 18. Uganda 7June Houston-EPB-JHusain

8 “AKDN” COUNTRIES + JK 1. Afghanistan 2. Bangladesh 3. India 4. Kenya 5. Madagascar 6. Mozambique 7. Pakistan 8. Portugal 9. Tajikistan 10. Tanzania 11. Uganda 8June Houston-EPB-JHusain

9 COUNTRIES WITH “LANGUAGE” ISSUES 1. Afghanistan 2. Bangladesh 3. India 4. Kenya 5. Madagascar 6. Mozambique 7. Pakistan 8. Portugal 9. Tajikistan 10. Tanzania 11. Uganda 9June Houston-EPB-JHusain

10 The LANGUAGE FACTOR OFFICIAL LANGUAGES 1. Afghanistan……PUSHTO & DARRI 2. Bangladesh ……BENGALI & ENGLISH 3. India……HINDI & ENGLISH 4. Kenya……SWAHILI & ENGLISH 5. Pakistan ……URDU & ENGLISH 6. Tajikistan ……TAJIKI 7. Tanzania……SWAHILI & ENGLISH 8. Uganda ……ENGLISH 10June Houston-EPB-JHusain

11 “PREFERRED” COUNTRIES LIST 1. Afghanistan 2. Bangladesh 3. India 4. Kenya 5. Pakistan 6. Tajikistan 7. Tanzania 8. Uganda 11June Houston-EPB-JHusain

12 ECONOMIC SCREENS A. ECONOMIC STAGES of COUNTRIES x 3 B. Gross Domestic Product (GDP); GDP per Capita; growth patterns/trends C.FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) D.EASE OF DOING BUSINESS rankings (*) “www.doingbusiness.org” 12June Houston-EPB-JHusain

13 3 x ECONOMIC STAGES of COUNTRIES 1.FACTOR DRIVEN – primarily extractive in nature; unexploited natural resources 2. EFFICIENCY DRIVEN – exhibit scale-intensity as a major driver of development 3. I NNOVATION DRIVEN – characterized by their production of new & unique goods & services that are created via sophisticated & often pioneering methods 13June Houston-EPB-JHusain

14 “ECONOMIC STAGES” BASED ON?? PRIMARILY BASED ON: G DP per capita & share of exports of primary goods in total exports of the country June Houston-EPB-JHusain14

15 ECONOMIC SCREENS A. ECONOMIC STAGES of COUNTRIES x 3 B. Gross Domestic Product (GDP); GDP per Capita; growth patterns/trends C.FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) D.EASE OF DOING BUSINESS rankings “www.doingbusiness.org” 15June Houston-EPB-JHusain

16 GDP Per Capita US$ COUNTRY 2008 … Aghanistan Bangladesh 497 … India 1,067 … Kenya 738 … Pakistan Tajikistan Tanzania Uganda 490 … United States 45,989 … 36,797 35,898

17 ECONOMIC SCREENS A. ECONOMIC STAGES of COUNTRIES x 3 B. Gross Domestic Product (GDP); GDP per Capita; growth patterns/trends C.FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) D.EASE OF DOING BUSINESS rankings “www.doingbusiness.org” 17June Houston-EPB-JHusain

18 FDI -- Net Inflows US$ Millions COUNTRY … Aghanistan ~ 0 Bangladesh 1, … India 41,315 25,127 … 5,7717,606 Kenya … 28 5 Pakistan 5,438 5, Tajikistan Tanzania Uganda USA 328, ,211 … 84, ,020 18June Houston-EPB-JHusain

19 ECONOMIC SCREENS A. ECONOMIC STAGES of COUNTRIES x 3 B. Gross Domestic Product (GDP); GDP per Capita; growth patterns/trends C.FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) D.EASE OF DOING BUSINESS rankings “www.doingbusiness.org” 19June Houston-EPB-JHusain

20 EASE OF DOING BUSINESS 10 x factors 1.Starting (Time, Cost, Procedures, etc.) 2.Dealing with Construction Permits 3.Employing workers 4.Registering property 5.Getting credit 6.Protecting Investors 7. Paying Taxes 8. Trading across borders 9. Enforcing Contracts 10.Closing a business June Houston-EPB-JHusain20

21 EASE OF STARTING & DOING BUSINESS STARTING DOING 1. Afghanistan … 25 … Bangladesh … 79 … 107 … 3. India …… 165 … Kenya..… 125 … Pakistan … 85 … Tajikistan … 136 … 139 … 7. Tanzania … 122 … Uganda … 137 … USA… 5 … 5 21June Houston-EPB-JHusain

22 THE NEXT STEPS A. Other countries to think about? -- New Zealand; Australia; Indonesia; B.Other people’s experiences (C.A.S.E. method….. :) C.Seek advice from professionals D. Visits countries of choice 22June Houston-EPB-JHusain

23 COUNTRIES WITH GOOD LIFE-STYLES? HOW ABOUT: NEW ZEALAND AUSTRALIA PAPUA NEW GUINEA SOUTH AFRICA INDONESIA June Houston-EPB-JHusain23

24 » AFGHANISTAN » TAJIKISTAN » AFRICA (K/T/U/R/B/M/M/SA) » BANGLADESH June Houston-EPB-JHusain24

25 C.A.S.E. studies Russia  Tajikistan USA  Pakistan Pakistan  Bangladesh USA/Dubai  Pakistan USA  Brazil USA  Tanzania (FMCG) USA  Bangladesh 25June Houston-EPB-JHusain

26 DO’sThink LONG-TERM 2-3 yrs is NOT long-term Think BIG $100K …not BIG enough Local PARTNERS ? Maybe a good idea Start with Trading (Imp/Exp) Low ENTRY & EXIT barriers 26June Houston-EPB-JHusain

27 DON’Ts Don’t be shocked by SURPRIZES Don’t RUSH - take your time Don’t burn your bridges Don’t raise your expectations Don’t think short-term 27June Houston-EPB-JHusain

28 OPIC LARGER INVESTERS & THOSE LESS INTERESTED IN ACTIVE INVOLVEMENT MAY WANT TO STUDY WHAT THE “OVERSEAS PRIVATE INVESTMENT CORPORATION” aka “OPIC” HAS TO OFFER (See handout) 28June Houston-EPB-JHusain

29 THANK YOU! June Houston-EPB-JHusain

30 ??? » Airports » Customs » Bureaucracy » Due Diligence » FMCG » Knowing the Ropes » Connections » Corruption, etc. 30June Houston-EPB-JHusain


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