Presentation on theme: "PAA Africa Programme Purchase from Africans for Africa (Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Senegal, Niger) First findings and Future Challenges 18th January."— Presentation transcript:
PAA Africa Programme Purchase from Africans for Africa (Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Senegal, Niger) First findings and Future Challenges 18th January 2013
Humanitarian Cooperation Humanitarian food assistance through local food purchases from small farmers (FAO and WFP). M&E and Knowledge M&E Share good practices. Advise on ways to strengthen LFP: strengthen Technical Coop. and/or Humanitarian Coop. Technical Cooperation Capacity building. Public policies. Response Rehabilitation Guidelines to LFP operations. Analyze reports – efficiency of operations. Transition Analysis of M&E. Suggestions to improve the food assistance through the LFP. Advocacy to support the engagement of African gov. To design new cooperation projects. Development Technical support to design cooperation projects. Consultants’ training. Analyze reports – efficiency of technical coop. PAA Africa Work Group UN Organizations Manage and implement
2 PAA Africa Objectives and funds (USD) Outputs 2012 FAO 2012 WFP 2013 FAO 2013 WFP Total Operational. To strengthen the small farmers production linked to local food purchases to food assistance. 800,000 CGFOME 800,000 CGFOME 468,664 CGFOME 598,002 CGFOME 2,666,666 Knowledge. To support the design of strategic actions and partnerships (FAO, WFP and Gov.) with a view to implement and strengthen local food purchase programs for food assistance. 775,000 CGFOME 917,722 DFID 193,444 CGFOME 35,590 CGFOME 1,871,055 Total 1,575,0001,717,722662,108633,5924,588,422
3 Pilot Project of Local Food Purchase (Short term) Learning Component Pilot Project of Local Food Purchase (Short term) Pilot Project of Local Food Purchase (Short term) Assessment and Strategy for Local Food Purchase (Short and Medium term) Assessment and Strategy for Local Food Purchase (Short and Medium term) National consultants (FAOR and WFP CO) International Consultants FAO HQ (TCEO) WFP HQ (P4P) FAO (HQ+BRA) WFP BR GoBR FAO (HQ+BRA) WFP BR GoBR FAO + WFP + Government (Implementation) FAO + WFP + Government (Implementation) Knowledge building and International knowledge sharing activities Country level Programme level Overall project Budget Holder, communications flow, monitoring of and support to the Regional Project Technical and Operational support in the field Technical and Planning Guidelines 1. 2. PAA AFRICA: Coordination Diagram
444 Malawi and Senegal Operational component Malawi - WFP through an NGO is supporting 451 farmers to diversify the production and to produce according to the schools demand. FAO is implementing a school garden focused on diversification and nutritional education. - Funds were decentralized to the Ministry of Education, Purchase commitees at schools, training on contracts (9 schools). - Diversified menu; 10 recipes; training on cooking and food storage. Senegal -Partnerships have been established with federal and regional government, NGOs and Farmers Associations to support the production and post harvest of rice (FAO - 1 000 vulnerable households, 5 unions of “Groupements d’Intérêt Economique”). -Purchases will be under WFP responsibility. Purchase of 60% of the rice produced by the targeted farmers (300 mt peeled). - 22.859 students benefited (six months) – food will be distribute to 173 school canteens.
5 Malawi and Senegal Knowledge component – Strategy focus. MalawiSenegal Comparative study case about three different pilots in local food purchase and school feeding. Potential of the PAA Africa pilot to be expanded – considering good results; Gov. capabilities and commitment and proximity between schools and farmers; Capacity building on Government’s agricultural policies, technical assistance and capacity development of farmers’ organisations and school feeding. An strategic plan to start a scaled up programme, strongly based on government participation and management. Primary focus on rice (Oriza sativa) Focus will be on school feeding and on strengthening logistic and budget for local purchases. Capacity building on credit policies to small farmers; technical assistance and policies on land tenure; public food purchases to school feeding.
6666 Niger, Ethiopia and Mozambique Operational component Ethiopia - The project benefits 1 600 household farmers through the distribution of seeds and fertilizers as well as training on haricot bean production. -Funds for procurement were decentralized to the regional office of the Ministry of Education. Links have been established with primary for the local and direct procurement of food from targeted farmers. -The local partnership will benefit approximately 8 700 students during the school year 2012-2013, with the provision of haricot blended maize daily meals. Mozambique -Distribution of agricultural inputs and trainings on maize production and post-harvest handling will benefit about 600 household farmers (FAO). -Purchases will be under P4P/WFP responsibility. -The direct procurement of maize will provide daily meals for approximately 72 000 students in 2013, covering 174 primary schools. Niger Under revision – funds transferred last December. Purchases of legumes will be distributed to schools.
77 Niger, Ethiopia and Mozambique Knowledge component NigerEthiopia Particular potential in prevention and crisis management (cereals), besides local schemes of leguminous and vegetables; Development of LFP as small-scale schemes; Need for capacity building on Government’s management and coordination (inter-sectoriality, human resources, procedures), and for adaptation to regional productive capacities. Consultant is collaborating to the design of a strategy, which is under Government leadership (with technical support from FAO, WFP, and PCD). The document intends to justify the importance of strentgthening local food purchases for school feeding and suggests ways to scale-up the local pilot project.
88 PAA Africa Common challenges Production support -Access to quality seeds, agricultural inputs, water, credit and technical assistance; -Sustainable production models are an important issue for Brazil; -Diversification of crops considering nutritional requirements of HGSF; -Post-harvest development constrained by national realities (infrastructure); -Quality standards. Purchases -Purchase modalities could have different results in terms of small farmers’ and cooperatives’ engagement and benefits; -Price methodology is an important issue for partners (Brazilian Gov.; FAO; WFP and farmers); -Logistic constraints. Access to food -School Infrastructure is strongly limited in terms of facilities for food storage and preparation; -Limited access to water for cooking and washing (hygiene and sanitation); -Schools less adapted to work with diversified menus. Partnerships to strengthen LFP -The pilot activities are generating demands for expansion in the five countries; -Need of funds to guarantee stable demand and allow for an analysis of lessons learned and impact; -Fully dedicated local staff, along with further Brazilian, FAO and WFP technical support can be very relevant; -High level policy dialogue between Brazilian Gov. and African Gov. could strengthen partnerships. -Partnerships of PAA with other national and regional initiatives (gov. and civil society) may be essential.
99 The first findings of the knowledge component suggest that in order to contribute to National Local Food Purchase Programmes in Africa it would be necessary to consider: - Long-term cooperation; - Innovations in the FAO and WFP procedures (transfer money for gov., new models of technical assistance); - The scale of local food purchases and food assistance need to be more compatible with the humanitarian needs in Africa; - The immediate humanitarian needs of the population (operations) and the lack of farmers’ organizations to provide sufficient food production. Challenges faced by African States to promote public policy on social protection; (knowledge and capacity building). The operational component indicates : - Link small farmers to school feeding could be the main contribution of PAA Africa. - Large scale pilots with less diversified menus could be scaled-up at a shorter term (focus on immediate nutritional needs of the population ); - Small scale pilots with diversified menus (including fresh products) need to be scaled-up slowly (focus on testing different modalities and on capacity building ). Multi stakeholders approach: -Dialogue is a big challenge among different Brazilian partners, FAO and WFP. -Current partnership is being strengthened as the Programme is implemented. -First results are really positive (WFP, FAO and Gov), but the dialogue need to be strengthened. -It would be important to have higher level coordination to consolidate dialogue between the two programme components and among partners. PAA Africa First Findings
10 The PAA Africa operational component is strongly facilitated by the expertise of P4P and their human resources at country level. The P4P and the home grow school feeding accumulated knowledge and experience can play a major role for the implementation of PAA Africa and for supporting an expansion; There is a range of activities that can be performed by FAO and WFP based on their technical expertise. Some efforts between FAO decentralized offices and HQ could be useful for a jointly definition about the main activities that FAO can play in PAA Africa. The PAA Africa Programme can contribute to advocacy and government policy dialogue, due to the technical and political recognition of the Brazilian experience in fighting hunger; The Brazilian government can play an important role in strengthening collaboration and facilitating dialogue between FAO and WFP. DFID is playing an strategic role promoting a multi-stakeholder initiative, it’s contributing to link the activities of the WFP CE (capacity building in School Feeding ) with P4P; FAO and Brazilian Government expertise. PAA Africa Strategic opportunities
11 Where would we go? Would we like to continue the PAA Africa partnership? What are the WFP (P4P/HGSF) and FAO main expectations for a second phase of PAA Africa partnership? Would we use the same methodology and coordination structure? For how long should an expansion be considered? How could PAA Africa improve its links with P4P, HGSF and FAO accumulated knowledge and experience? What are the next steps and considerations to design an expansion proposal?
12 PAA Africa Zero Draft - Next Steps suggested to design an expansion Important deadline: -The end of main PAA Africa activities in August 2013 is an essential deadline. It would be important to consider the 1 st semester as a "political window“ to have guaranteed the stakeholders’ commitment. What to consider for the expansion: -A first scenario: scale up and strengthen the PAA Africa in the five African countries (including the two programme components: operations; M&E + knowledge). Suggested next steps for discussing the expansion: I ) Each country strategy could be translated into five concept notes to be evaluated by Brazilian Gov.; Brazilian Embassies could support FAO and WFP CO’s fundraising. II) Based on country strategies, the PAA Africa coordination could write one programme/umbrella concept note to the expansion phase, to be discussed during the next months with PAA Africa partners (WFP; FAO; Brazil and DFID). III) A fundraising strategy could consider: a)Meeting among Brazil; FAO; WFP; DFID and main donors to present first findings and the expansion proposal. b)Bilateral meetings of Brazilian Gov., partner countries and other development partners in collaboration with WFP; FAO and PAA Africa coordination. b) High level FAO and WFP mission to Brazil to present and discuss the programme expansion.