· Gorilla habitat in Africa is quickly disappearing because of coltan mining, a mineral used to make batteries for electronics. Recycling cell phones or laptops may contribute to gorilla conservation. Environmental Destruction: Forest Clearing, Habitat destruction, Reserves invasion, Sluice Mining and water contamination
Source: Pole Institute, Congo DRC Issue: Mineral mining a major Source of Congolese income
What to do? Certification via the Kimberley Process? Also used for ‘blood’ diamonds, etc. An European Union certificate of ‘conflict free’ product What about the environment? Critique: Voluntary Self-Regulation German CTC (Certified Trading Chains): German and Congolese Govt Partners English: ITRI (Tin Supply Chain Initiative): cassiterite, also voluntary World Bank: local market initiatives to work with artesanal mining Alternative: Organic Food style governmental certification?