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France, Canada, & United States Brian, Zoheb, and Julian.

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Presentation on theme: "France, Canada, & United States Brian, Zoheb, and Julian."— Presentation transcript:

1 France, Canada, & United States Brian, Zoheb, and Julian

2 France

3 Geography


5 French Regions Metropolitan France: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain French Guiana: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname Guadeloupe: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico Martinique: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago Mayotte: Southern Indian Ocean, island in the Mozambique Channel, about half way between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique Reunion: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar

6 General Information Area: 643,801 sq km; 551,500 sq km (metropolitan France) Population: 65,630,692 GDP: $2.808 trillion (2011 est.) Work force (2009): 28.3 million Services--75%; industry and construction--21.7%; agriculture--2.9%. 1 out of 12 people in France is a foreigner

7 History 1200 BC : Settlement by the Gauls (related to the Celts) 59-52 BC : Conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar and the beginning of Gallo-Roman civilization. 600 AD : Settlement by the Franks, the barbarian tribe from which France derives its name. 768 AD : Charlemagne, named Emperor of the Western world, attempts to recreate the Roman Empire. 11th-13th centuries Middle Ages : Flourishing of Romanesque and Gothic art. Crusades. 14th-15th centuries : French-English rivalry culminates in the Hundred Years War. France is also plagued by the Black Death and famines. 15th-16th centuries : The Renaissance. 1789 AD : French Revolution; Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. End of the monarchy. Charlemagne

8 History (cont…) 1804-1815 : Napoleon is named Emperor; he reorganizes the French administration and legal system, establishing the Napoleonic Code. 1815 : Restoration of the Monarchy. 1848 : Revolution. Second Republic. Slavery abolished. 1852-1870 : Second Empire under Napoleon III. Prosperity and growth. Colonial conquests. 1875 : Third Republic. 1914-1918 : World War I (1,350,000 killed). Alsace-Lorraine restored to France. Peace Treaty of Versailles (1919). Napoleon

9 History (cont…) 1939-1945 : World War II (700,000 killed). Germany occupies France. Collaboration of the Vichy regime. General de Gaulle in London calls on the French to resist. Resistance. 1946-1958 : Fourth Republic is marked by economic reconstruction and end of colonization. Political instability. 1958 : De Gaulle returns to power and founds the Fifth Republic, adopted by referendum. Charles de Gaulle

10 Wine Considered the best in the world More than 5000 varieties of French wine Tradeoff between globalization and cultural identity Fragmented into smaller wine growers Bordeaux region has 20000 wine producers Competition from outside Joint ventures with China and India to produce superior wine thanksgiving-in-fr_travel thanksgiving-in-fr_travel

11 French Society Identities North-east German-Swiss North-west English South-west Catalans and Basques South-east Italian Four Classes Haute Bourgeoisie Petite Bourgeoisie Classes Moyennes Classes populaire Artistic Social Standing is very important

12 Business and Managerial Style Presentations are given from the heart Obsession with form Discuss abstract and complex ideas spontaneously Business is highly centralized Managers have total control over subordinates Have a tight inner circle Few decision are made without approval from the top High context to understand one another

13 Culture Devote five weeks to vacation Weekends are reserved for family matters Quality and pace of life is more important Conversations maintains high quality of life Tu/toi for close friends, vous is used more formally Smiling at someone unknown is considered provocative Strong family bonding Very private Gender equality Health conscious

14 Sources vnk11UAaKTM/TyOSncykHmI/AAAAAAAAHZc/1P478YDdQHY/s1600/09_charlemagne.jpg vnk11UAaKTM/TyOSncykHmI/AAAAAAAAHZc/1P478YDdQHY/s1600/09_charlemagne.jpg

15 Canada


17 Vital Statistics Official language(s) - English and French Government - Federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy Area - 3,854,085 sq mi (2 nd ) Population 2012 est. - 34,761,000 (35 th ) GDP 2011 est. - Total $1.758 trillion (11 th ) GDP by sector 2010 est. - agriculture: 2.2%, industry: 26.3%, services: 71.5% Main industries - transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas Currency - Canadian dollar

18 Historical Background

19 The Canadian Mosaic A very socialist outlook “a global village in one country” Immigration Canadians as Non-U.S. Americans

20 References Susic, Stela (August 15, 2006). "Air Force becomes command authority for CFS Alert". The Maple Leaf (National Defence Canada) 12 (17). Retrieved 2011-05-23."Air Force becomes command authority for CFS Alert" Encyclopedia of the Nations. Retrieved 2011-10-14.Encyclopedia of the Nations "Significant Canadian Facts". Natural Resources Canada. April 5, 2004. Retrieved 2011- 05-23."Significant Canadian Facts" National Atlas of Canada. Natural Resources Canada. 2005. p. 1. ISBN 0770511988.ISBN0770511988 Bailey, William G; Oke, TR; Rouse, Wayne R (1997). The surface climates of Canada. McGill-Queen's University Press. p. 124. ISBN 0773516727.The surface climates of CanadaISBN0773516727 Etkin, David; Haque, CE; Brooks, Gregory R (April 30, 2003). An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada. Springer. pp. 569, 582, 583. ISBN 9781402011795.ISBN9781402011795

21 American Football By Brian Hamilton

22 American Football Soccer is called Football in most countries Most popular sport in United States Tailgate Party U.S. Phenomenon Outdoor party before game High School Level College Level Pro Level

23 Tailgaiting 101 Tailgate Foods

24 Tailgating Traditions UNC vs East Carolina Traditions

25 Pre-game & Half-time Festivities Pre-Game Band Performs Colorguard Cheerleaders

26 Pre-game & Half-time Festivities Half-time Band Performs Competitions Awards

27 Football Strategy is fundamental Captures many of the central values of American society Intregal component of community More like chess Objective is to wear down and destroy opponent

28 Selection, Training Camp, etc. Coaches must choose right player for job Playbook Complex plays to deceive opponent Very precise Execution Plays must be executed properly Everyone must take responsibility for play to work Strength & Conditioning Weight-lifting, etc.

29 Pro Football teams Multi-million Dollar corporations Each player has very specialized task Equipment is highly specialized Risks Concussions Injuries may have long-term effects

30 Competition is Goal Means to an end in the United States Perfection Rivalry Football is similar to how Americans live daily life

31 U.S. Economic Statistics Federal Constitution Republic Legislature Congress Senate (Upper House) House of representatives (Lower House) Population 313,093,000 Gross Domestic Product Total $15.065 Trillion Per Capita $48,147

32 Kingdom of Morocco Brian Hamilton

33 Kingdom of Morocco Population 35 million Western Sahara History of Morocco

34 Kingdom of Morocco Constitutional Monarchy Elected Parliament Executive Power Exercised by government and king Legislative Power Exercised by government and two chambers of parliament Assembly of Representatives Assembly of Councillors 50 th Anniversary of Independence November 18, 2006 Became independent from Spain & France in 1956

35 Kingdom of Morocco Geography

36 Kingdom of Morocco Economy Liberal Economy Governed by Law of Supply and Demand GDP Services sector accounts for just over half Depends on agriculture Accounts for 14% of GDP Employs 40-45% of population Major Resources Agriculture Phosphates World’s 3 rd largest producer Tourism

37 Kingdom of Morocco Economy Industry & Mining Accounts for 1/3 of GDP Economic Issues High Cost of Imports Petroleum Unreliable Rainfall Droughts & Sudden Floods Droughts 1995 Caused GDP to fall 7.6%

38 Kingdom of Morocco Economy Currency Moroccan dirham Gross Domestic Product Total $158.994 billion Per Capita $4,940

39 Kingdom of Morocco Languages Arabic Berber Largest City Casablanca King Mohammed VI Prime Minister Abdelillah Benkirane Ethnic Groups Arab-Berber 99.1% Other 0.7% Jews 0.2%

40 Kingdom of Morocco Floods Flooding in Casablanca

41 Locating Global Activities Chapter 5

42 Role of National Factors Traditional country considerations Globally strategic countries for activity location R&D Manufacturing

43 Role of exchange rates Direct effect on cost and competitive positions Catalyst in the international restructuring of companies Forecasting long term exchange rate is difficult Locate operation in countries with weak economies Increase productivity to move ahead of competition Speculate, Hedge or be flexible

44 Strategic and Comparative advantages Core-Formula Strategy FedEx in 1980s & 1990s Globally Leveraged Strategy Nokia in 1990s & 2000s Untenable Strategy Mark & Spencer in 1990s Cost-Based Export Strategy Hyundai in 1990s Strategic Advantage Comparative Advantage Yes No Yes

45 Benefits of Global Location of Activities Cost Reduction Improved Quality Enhanced Customer Preference Increased Customer Leverage

46 Drawbacks of Global Location of Activities Lessened Responsive to Customers Increased Currency Risk Increased Risk of Creating Competitors Difficulties in Managing Value-Added Chain

47 Global Activity Location For Service Businesses People-Processing Activities Possession-Processing Activities Information-Based Activities Future Location of Service Facilities Global Location of Service Value Chain

48 Locating Individual Activities Global Financing Global Research and Development Global Purchasing and Sourcing Global Production Global Distribution and Logistics Global Service



51 Corporate History "We sell fun, not just ice cream." — Irv Robbins, co- founder. 1945 - Snowbird Ice Cream 1946 - Burton's Ice Cream Shop 1948 – Baskin-Robbins Management with owning interest

52 Some statistics Subsidiary of Dunkin' Brands Founded 1945 Headquarters Canton, Massachusetts More than 5800 locations Since 1945, more than 1,000 unique flavors. The top 5 selling Baskin-Robbins ice cream flavors are Vanilla, Chocolate, Mint Chocolate Chip, Pralines 'n Cream and Chocolate Chip.

53 Preliminary Market research – Morocco Trends Competitive landscape Prospects

54 References refox-a&hs=XjG&rls=org.mozilla:en- US:official&prmd=imvns&source=lnms&tbm=isch&ei=GGZMT8va MaX3sQKyoIUW&sa=X&oi=mode_link&ct=mode&cd=2&ved=0CB kQ_AUoAQ&biw=1262&bih=613

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