Presentation on theme: "Chapter 24 Short Answer Exam Review. The author of the Theory of Relativity."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 24 Short Answer Exam Review
The author of the Theory of Relativity
Just prior to WW1, the ________ _________ community was marked by a sense of confusion and anxiety leading to feelings of imminent catastrophe.
European Intellectual Community
16 th Century monk who taught that salvation is not earned by good deeds but received only as a free gift of God's grace through faith in Jesus Christ as redeemer from sin.salvationgracefaithJesus Christ
As the nineteenth century evolved, what happened to Newton’s rational theory of the mechanical conception of the universe posited in the physics?
Which two persons’ experimental work with radium and radiation, based on the inquiry into the disintegrative processes within atoms became a central theme in the new physics?
Marie and Pierre Curie
The quantum theory of energy developed by _____ ______ raised fundamental questions about questions about the subatomic realm of the atom and the basic building blocks of the material world.
What challenged the traditional notions of causality, time, and space as it pertained to physics?
Quantum Theory of Energy (Physics)
The revolution in understanding the nature, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases was largely due to the discoveries of
Edward Anthony Jenner Joseph Lister (635) Louis Pasteur (633)
Which late nineteenth/early twentieth century philosopher believed that Christianity was a scourge and had deeply undermined the creative power of western civilization?
Of philosophers Nietzsche, Sorel, and Bergson, which advocated violence, if necessary, as a means of achieving socialism?
Who determined that by one's unconscious and by inner drives of which people were generally unaware?
With reference to the previous question, which three entities did this person say controlled our daily lives?
Id ego superego
Of the id, ego, and superego which component of personality is composed of our internalized ideals that we have acquired from our parents and from society. It works to suppress the urges of the id and tries to make the ego behave morally, rather than realistically.
A 19th-century theory, inspired by Darwinism, by which the humanoids are the product of natural selection of those persons best suited to existing living conditions and in accord with which a position of laissez-faire is advocated.
Who was the British philosopher who attempted to apply the theory of evolution to philosophy and ethics in his series Synthetic Philosophy ( )?
How was Social Darwinism used to promote nationalism?
Scientific Racism (pitted one race as being superior all others being inferior due racial flaws) The most prominent form of such views stressed competition between individuals in laissez-faire capitalism (a good thing): but it also connected to the ideas of eugenics (breeding of a superior race), scientific racism (as per you textbook) and later on fuel for fascism and Nazism (a bad thing).
Who were the Aryans according to Houston Stewart Chamberlain?
The real creators of Western Culture
Who would have stated the following: “All human societies were organisms evolving through time from struggle with their environment?
Which institution saw new migrants to cities without connections to civic churches, advocates of more scientific inquiry, and Marxist political movements of the nineteenth century as an attack on its existence?
Naturalism is more pessimistic
The doctrine or belief that this is the worst of all possible worlds and that all things ultimately tend toward evil.
A French writer, the most important exemplar of the literary school of naturalism and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism. He was a major figure in the political liberalization of France and in the exoneration of the falsely accused and convicted army officer Alfred Dreyfus, which is encapsulated in the renowned newspaper headline J'Accuse.J'Accuse
Which of the following; Freud, Zola, or Nietzsche, stated, “I have simply done on living bodies the work of analysis which surgeons perform on corpses.”
In 1898, who wrote an open letter, published in the Paris newspaper L'Aurore, that attacked French officials for their persecution of French artillery officer Alfred Dreyfus, whose wrongful sentence for treason became known as the Dreyfus Affair?
Associate the following writers with their “ism”: Victor Hugo, Charles Dickens, Albert Camus, and Emile Zola.
Victor Hugo - Romanticism Charles Dickens – Realism Albert Camus - Liberalism Emile Zola - Naturalism
Which 19 th Century French Catholic scholar question the historical accuracy of the Bible and denied the divinity of Jesus?
In his encyclical De Rerum Novarum (1891), ____ _____ ____ asserted that much of in socialism was Christian in principle.
Pope Leo XIII
Which Pope caused the Catholic Church to take a rigid stand against modern ideas including religious toleration, freedom of speech, and freedom of the press?
Pope Pius IX
“The taking an real object or scene and changing it into something that any view of the piece can associate them-self in. It is more than just distorting the imagery. It is the ability to change something to a unreal but not surreal.” Is this surrealism, abstract realism, baroque, modernism, and impressionism?
What was Pissarro best known for?
Folk music, nationalist themes, and attraction to the exotic and primitive – Describe which “ism” of music:
Modernism No less than artists and writers, composers and musicians were fascinated by the possibilities of new, previously unheard of modes of expression, new techniques, and new aesthetic as well as cultural effects.
Which “ism” of style is associated with Igor Stravinsky's Rite of Spring?
What was the first professional occupation to be opened up to women?
Which of the following - Clara Burton, Florence Nightingale, Amalie Sieveking, and Emmeline Pankhurst – was a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement which helped women win the right to vote. The others were leader in which field?
Emmeline Pankhurst Nursing
Who pioneered the field of nursing for women?
Why and in what arena did Emile Zola say the following: “I accuse the war office of having led a vile campaign in the press in order to misdirect public opinion and cover up its sins.”“I accuse the first court-martial of having violated all human rights in condemning a prisoner on testimony kept secret from him.”
The Trial of the wrongfully accused Alfred Dreyfus
To advance the cause of women’s suffrage, the Women’s Social and Political Union founded by _____ _____ and her daughters took radical, public, and well publicized approach to the movement, employing different media and provaocative public actions, like pelting male politicians with egg, to demand the vote for women
Which group of Europeans were emancipated in most countries, but still faced restrictions?
In general, by the late nineteenth century, where (What part of Europe?) did the worst treatment of the Jews occur?
Which female exemplified the "new woman" of modern times by successfully completing a professional degree and worked in early childhood development?
_____ _______, the leader of the Zionist movement, advocate for the dispensation of the European Jews by advocating the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.
An organized, often officially encouraged massacre or persecution of a minority group, especially one conducted against Jews is called a
Who was the great English political liberal of the early twentieth century?
David Lloyd George
Which British Liberal fought for the passage of the National Insurance Act of 1911 providing sickness and unemployment benefits to workers with state aid?
David Lloyd George
Which modern European society at the turn of the twentieth century found itself with a proliferation of ultra-nationalist right wing political pressure groups with anti-Semitic, racist, and imperialist beliefs?
____ _______ _________ considered that not only the German groups in neighboring countries, such as Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Switzerland, and Alsace, but even distant German- speaking groups such as Volga Germans, Baltic Germans, Transylvanian Germans, and German- Americans were linked by a blood tie to their fatherland.
A policy of rulership employed by Giolitti where by the transformation of old political parties into new power blocks (coalitions) through the calculated use of political patronage and out right bribery.
A British socialist movement, whose purpose is to advance the principles of democratic socialism via gradualist and reformist, rather than revolutionary, means.
Russia’s disastrous defeat in the Russo-Japanese were indirectly led to the ________ __ _____
Revolution of 1905
The argument of “The White Man’s Burden”, Social Darwinism, and the need for military bases abroad were all argument for ____________.
Which of the following areas was not part of the British empire in the Far East? India, Australia, New Zealand, Mozambique
The Boer War was fought by the British in
The main cause for the Boer war was the difference in ______ _____between the British and the Boers.
Which country exercised a sphere of influence in the mid-Pacific islands?
The United States
This uprising took place in response to foreign “ spheres of influence” in China, with grievances ranging from opium traders, political invasion, economic manipulation, to missionary evangelism.
What created a political system, democratic in form, but rigidly authoritarian in practice; sent many Japanese abroad to be educated in the ways of the West and adopted many western reforms in political and military organization in Japan?
The isolation of France through a series of military alliances was cornerstone of the
Which countries were included the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Italy, Austria
Which countries were included in the Triple Entente?
Russia, Great Britain, France
___ ______ ______ was created in 1907 to counterbalance the growing strength of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy and their empires.
The Triple Entente
What was the result of the First Moroccan Crisis?
Uniting France and Britain in a new alliance.
Who were the primary antagonists in the Balkans region?