26 Of the id, ego, and superego which component of personality is composed of our internalized ideals that we have acquired from our parents and from society. It works to suppress the urges of the id and tries to make the ego behave morally, rather than realistically.
28 A 19th-century theory, inspired by Darwinism, by which the humanoids are the product of natural selection of those persons best suited to existing living conditions and in accord with which a position of laissez-faire is advocated.
32 How was Social Darwinism used to promote nationalism?
33 Scientific Racism (pitted one race as being superior all others being inferior due racial flaws) The most prominent form of such views stressed competition between individuals in laissez-faire capitalism (a good thing): but it also connected to the ideas of eugenics (breeding of a superior race), scientific racism (as per you textbook) and later on fuel for fascism and Nazism (a bad thing).
34 Who were the Aryans according to Houston Stewart Chamberlain?
38 Which institution saw new migrants to cities without connections to civic churches, advocates of more scientific inquiry, and Marxist political movements of the nineteenth century as an attack on its existence?
43 A French writer, the most important exemplar of the literary school of naturalism and an important contributor to the development of theatrical naturalism. He was a major figure in the political liberalization of France and in the exoneration of the falsely accused and convicted army officer Alfred Dreyfus, which is encapsulated in the renowned newspaper headline J'Accuse.
47 In 1898, who wrote an open letter, published in the Paris newspaper L'Aurore, that attacked French officials for their persecution of French artillery officer Alfred Dreyfus, whose wrongful sentence for treason became known as the Dreyfus Affair?
57 “The taking an real object or scene and changing it into something that any view of the piece can associate them-self in. It is more than just distorting the imagery. It is the ability to change something to a unreal but not surreal.” Is this surrealism, abstract realism, baroque, modernism, and impressionism?
61 Folk music, nationalist themes, and attraction to the exotic and primitive – Describe which “ism” of music:
62 Modernism No less than artists and writers, composers and musicians were fascinated by the possibilities of new, previously unheard of modes of expression, new techniques, and new aesthetic as well as cultural effects.
63 Which “ism” of style is associated with Igor Stravinsky's Rite of Spring?
67 Which of the following - Clara Burton, Florence Nightingale, Amalie Sieveking, and Emmeline Pankhurst – was a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement which helped women win the right to vote. The others were leader in which field?
71 Why and in what arena did Emile Zola say the following: “I accuse the war office of having led a vile campaign in the press in order to misdirect public opinion and cover up its sins.”“I accuse the first court-martial of having violated all human rights in condemning a prisoner on testimony kept secret from him.”
72 The Trial of the wrongfully accused Alfred Dreyfus
73 To advance the cause of women’s suffrage, the Women’s Social and Political Union founded by _____ _____ and her daughters took radical, public, and well publicized approach to the movement, employing different media and provaocative public actions, like pelting male politicians with egg, to demand the vote for women
89 Which modern European society at the turn of the twentieth century found itself with a proliferation of ultra-nationalist right wing political pressure groups with anti-Semitic, racist, and imperialist beliefs?
91 ____ _______ _________ considered that not only the German groups in neighboring countries, such as Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Switzerland, and Alsace, but even distant German-speaking groups such as Volga Germans, Baltic Germans, Transylvanian Germans, and German-Americans were linked by a blood tie to their fatherland.
93 A policy of rulership employed by Giolitti where by the transformation of old political parties into new power blocks (coalitions) through the calculated use of political patronage and out right bribery.
111 What created a political system, democratic in form, but rigidly authoritarian in practice; sent many Japanese abroad to be educated in the ways of the West and adopted many western reforms in political and military organization in Japan?