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Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 20101 Project ‘ Towards Sustainability Certification of Jatropha Biofuels in Mozambique’ Matthias Spöttle – Jatropha Alliance, project manager Peter Vissers – Partners for Innovation, senior partner Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania Agro Pecuária de Manica Lda Project co-financed by: Project partners:
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 20102 Project objective To build up knowledge for future certification of Jatropha bio- fuels through a benchmark pilot sustainability assessment, using existing sustainability criteria frameworks Timeline: 1 Oct 2009 – 30 Nov 2010 Project ‘Towards sustainability certification of Jatropha bio- fuels in Mozambique’ What is the aim of this project?
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 2010 3 Why this project? Fulfilling sustainability criteria has become a market requirement for biofuels Jatropha industry has little experience with sustainability standards Reasons for the project: Advanced government policy on biofuels Existing cooperation with 3 Jatropha Alliance members having operations in Mozambique Suitability of Mozambican situation, soils, climate, population density, availability of unused cultivable land > to grow Jatropha Reasons for Mozambique as the country of choice:
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 20104 What is the approach and planning of the project? 20092010 Project activityQ4Q1Q2Q3/Q4 1. Review sustainability standards + methodologyX 2. Regional embeddingXXXX 3. Data collection and compilationX 4. Sustainability assessmentX 5. Interaction with European institutionsX 6. Dissemination within Jatropha IndustryX 7. Project managementXXXX
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 20105 Review sustainability standards Review and Pre-selection for Multi- criteria analysis Identifcation and review of 44 sustainability standards Benchmarking of 9 biomass tandards and 6 biomass-for energy standards against sustainability criteria of EU Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and UK Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO ) >> Analysis of 11 sustainability standards
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 20106 Review sustainability standards Multi – criteria analysis of selected standards Scoring for criteria 1 to 4: 0 = low, 1 = medium, 2 = high Scoring for criteria 5 to 7: 0 = low, 2 = medium, 4 = high
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 20107 Review sustainability standards Main standards for the pilot sustainability assessment Fits the most with the needs of the companies and the sector, as its is supposed to become the important standard for biofuels. Covers all sustainability issues Developed activites towards a Jatropha-specific variant Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels Version 1 (RSB): Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO): Has proven its success since 2 years of operation Provides clear guidance on carbon calculations Supporting standard for Greenhouse Gas Emmissions >> Questionaires for each standard for the assessment
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 20108 Data collection 3 Jatropha growing plantations are involved CompanyProvinceLocation Actual size (2010) Target size (2015) Former Land Use M1Elaion Africa LdaSofalaDondo65ha Bush-Savanna, charcoal production M2 Sun Biofuels Mozambique SA ManicaChimoio2,000 ha10,000 haTobacco M3Agro Pecuaria de Manica Lda ManicaGondola40ha Farm land, probably Portuguese
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 20109 Pilot sustainability assessment Exemplary gap analysis against RSB (1/2) Approach: Answers within the RSB questionaire and provided documents are assessed and score points are given for the following grades: 1. Adequate: Sufficient proof to pass RSB criteria 2. Needs Improvement: Very close to adequate, but something is missing. 3. Needs Significant Improvement: Huge amount of work needed for improvement 4. Not covered: No info obtained for this areas 5.Not applicable
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 201010 Pilot sustainability assessment Exemplary gap analysis against RSB (2/2) >> In this case the company would fail to meet RSB criteria GAP scores against RSB: 10: adequate 8: needs improvement 5: needs significant improvement 0: not covered
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 201011 Pilot sustainability assessment Greenhouse Gas Emissions StageParameter 1 Jatropha CultivationFertilizer input, Diesel use, Pesticide input, Crop yield 2 Seed TransportTruck 3 Crushing of Jatropha seedsPlant yield, electricity used 4 Oil TransportRail, Ship 5 TransesterificationBiodiesel yield, Electricity used, Natural Gas, Additions,Glycerol, Potassium Sulphate 6 Biodiesel TransportTruck 7 Blending depotElectricity used 8 Blended Biodiesel TransportTruck 9 Fuel Filling StationElectricity used 10 Land Use ChangeStatus of the land in January 2008 (RED) >> Assessing the carbon for the whole biodiesel chain
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 201012 Pilot sustainability assessment Greenhouse Gas Emissions of other Chains Explanation Figures of other crops are European Commision default values. Land use change is not included here Input of fertilisers is a main contributor to GHG emissions
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 201013 Recommendations for companies aiming for sustainability assessment (preliminary) (1/2) 1.In the business set-up and land acquisition stage: a.Ask a competent institute to do a comprehensive ESIA b.Carry out a thorough stakeholder consultation process (avoid minimalistic approach) and document it scrupulously c.Assess the carbon stock of the land before acquisition d.Make sure your business plan is realistic and viable in the long run (avoid that it is based on grants...)
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 201014 Recommendations for companies aiming for sustainability assessment (preliminary) (2/2) 2.In the business operation stage: a.Install good operation practices (as all professional businesses) b.Adopt a ESMP and keep it updated c.Monitor ESMP implementation closely, document related activities meticulously (photos, records, inspections reports etc.) d.Master your GHG impact as well as the carbon finance rules e.Obtain your sustainability certificate 3.For companies considering sustainability certification: a.Contact us ! (we are there to help you to make the right choices, on the basis of self assessment or quick GAP analysis)
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 201015 Next steps 1. September : Finalise sustainability assessments. 2. Oktober: Workshop with the three companies in Mozambique 3. November: Finalise reports and fed back results into RSB and EU institutions. 4. Overall : Develop further projects to support Jatropha industry We offer capacity bulding in sustainability assessments to all interested Jatropha players!
Sustainable Access to Sustainable Energy, 27 September 2010, Moshi, Tanzania © Jatropha Alliance 201016 Thank you for your attention! See our sustainability special on www.jatropha-alliance.org !www.jatropha-alliance.org Jatropha Alliance Matthias Spöttle Project Manager c/o GEXSI, Brunnenstraße 192 D-10119 Berlin, Germany Phone: +49 (30) 4000 4764-0 email@example.com www.jatropha-alliance.org Partners for Innovation BV Peter Vissers Senior Partner Cruquiusweg 20 1019 AT Amsterdam, the Netherlands Phone +31 (20) 6200511 firstname.lastname@example.org www.partnersforinnovation.com (Workers at the Sun Biofuels plantation, having finished their day)
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