Presentation on theme: "You are what you ‘Where’"— Presentation transcript:
1 You are what you ‘Where’ Globalization and the economic distribution of the Global VillageRC4, POP1, CP3
2 HOMEWORKOver the weekend you were asked to compile a list of 25 random things in your home and identify their country of origin or manufacture.In groups of three compare your lists, eliminating any repeated items.
3 TASK: PART 1Each person will be assigned a blank world map. On the map indicate each of the countries included on your homework list by outlining the country’s borders with a marker.DO NOT COLOUR IN THE MAP.Share your map with your group members.Add their countries to your map if they are not already present.
4 Discuss Are there any trends on your map? Any surprises? Is there an explanation?
5 The North South Gap coined by the UN in 1980. refers to the division of the economic worldbased on physical geography: many wealthy countries are found in the northern hemisphere; whereas a multitude of poorer countries are found in the southern hemisphere.great disparities exist in the range of social and economic development between the North & South.Many poorer nations are chastised, by the wealthier countries, for trying to improve themselves as the result has often led to international instability.Causes include:colonization and neo-colonization (see terms to know).
6 Measuring a Country’s Wealth “Average” wealth can be measured by per capita GDP (gross domestic product) or per capita GNP (gross national product).A country produces wealth through agriculture, mining, industry and trade.GDP is the total of a country’s internal (or domestic) wealth.GNP is the total of GDP plus the country’s national wealth (including payments made and received for ‘services’ such as banking, and insurance).If you divide the GNP by the population of the country you can discover the average wealth produced by cash individual (‘per capita’ as it is called).This is the equation:GNP = per capita GNPPopulationPer capita GNP gives a useful clue as to the likely average wage. The poorest countries in the world have a per capita GNP of about $
7 Wealth is also determined by: HungerHunger can be measured by average caloric intake: 1600 calories per day is a critical minimum; 2400 calories is the average need.Disease & DeathDisease and death can be measured by infant mortality rates and the average age of death.EducationEducation can be measured by literacy rates.
8 Cl.Assification of Countries Countries are categorized by their level of economic development.Cold War Classification:First World = the Capitalist countriesSecond world = the Communist countries.Third World = poorer countriesThe problem: countries were grouped based on both ideology and capitalist development.
9 CLASSIFICATION OF COUNtries Post Cold War: two-tiered classification system that was based only on development.Developed Country (DC), and Undeveloped Country (UDC), were adopted as classification categories.Occasionally, some countries didn't fall into these two new categories.
10 CLAssification of countries Today the most commonly used system classifies countries as:LLDC (Landlocked Developing Countries)LDC (Less developed country),MDC (Moderately developed country),HDC (Highly developed country).
11 Determining Classification Characteristics that determine which category a country belongs include:Gross National Product (GNP) per capita,transportation and communication facilities,consumption of energy and literacy,and levels of unemployment.
12 Task: Part 2On your world map choose 4 different colours and shade in each country based on their classification (HDC, MDC, etc).Create a legend to indicate what each colour represents and to identify why there are some countries outlined with a marker (from Task 1).
13 LLDC’s * Also an LDC Afghanistan * Armenia Azerbaijan Bhutan * Bolivia BotswanaBurkina Faso *Burundi *Central African Republic *Chad *Ethiopia *KazakhstanKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic Republic *Lesotho *Malawi *Mali *Moldova, Republic ofMongoliaNepal *Niger *ParaguayRwanda *SwazilandTajikistanThe Former Yugoslav Rep. of MacedoniaTurkmenistanUganda *UzbekistanZambia *Zimbabwe* Also an LDC
14 LDC’s : AFrica Angola Benin Burkina Faso Burundi Central African RepublicChadComorosDemocratic Republic of the CongoDjiboutiEquatorial GuineaEritreaEthiopiaGambiaGuineaGuinea-BissauLesothoLiberiaMadagascarMalawiMaliMauritaniaMozambiqueNigerRwandaSão Tomé and PríncipeSenegalSierra LeoneSomaliaSudanTogoUgandaUnited Republic of TanzaniaZambia
15 LDC’s cont’d ASIA Latin America & The Carribean HaitiAfghanistanBangladeshBhutanCambodiaKiribatiLao People’s Democratic RepublicMaldivesMyanmarNepalSamoaSolomon IslandsTimor-LesteTuvaluVanuatuYemen
16 MDC’s Algeria Angola Armenia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belize Bhutan BoliviaBotswanaCambodiaCameroonCape VerdeChinaComorosCongoDjiboutiDominican RepublicEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaFijiGabonGeorgiaGhanaGuatemalaGuyanaHaitiHondurasIndiaIndonesiaIran (Islamic Republic of)JamaicaJordanKenyaKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLesothoMadagascarMaldivesMauritaniaMoldovaMongoliaMoroccoMyanmarNamibiaNepalNicaraguaNigeriaOccupied Palestinian TerritoriesPakistanPapua New GuineaParaguayPhilippinesSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSao Tome and PrincipeSolomon IslandsSouth AfricaSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSyrian Arab RepublicTajikistanTanzania (United Republic of)ThailandTongaTunisiaTurkmenistanUgandaUkraineUzbekistanVanuatuViet NamYemen
17 HDC’s Albania Andorra Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Australia Austria BahamasBahrainBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaBrazilBrunei DarussalamBulgariaCanadaChileColombiaCosta RicaCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDominicaEcuadorEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceGrenadaHong Kong, China (SAR)HungaryIcelandIrelandIsraelItalyJapanKazakhstanKorea (Republic of)KuwaitLatviaLebanonLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedonia (the Former Yugoslav Rep. of)MalaysiaMaltaMauritiusMexicoMontenegroNetherlandsNew ZealandNorwayOmanPanamaPeruPolandPortugalQatarRomaniaRussian FederationSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaudi ArabiaSerbiaSeychellesSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSwedenSwitzerlandTrinidad and TobagoTurkeyUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
18 Important Terms to Know: ColonialismAn economic system in which a dominant “mother country” maintains control over the direction, organization, capital, investment, technology, and manufactured products of the dependant colony which in turn supplies raw materials, agricultural products, and cheap labour.Neo-colonialism Economic imperialism; the control of Northern economic forces over newly independent countries in the South.Balance of TradeThe difference between the value of exports and the value of imported goods and services; raw products produced in the South are often worth less on the world market than manufactured products from the North, resulting in an unfavorable balance of trade for the South.Burden of DebtWhen the accumulated debt of a country forces it to neglect social spending in vital areas such as health and education, in turn lowering quality of life, in an attempt to repay the national debt, usually held by foreign investors.
19 Sustainable Population Growth Growth of the population that is limited to the number of people that earth can support indefinitely with available resources. MultinationalsAKA Transnationals. Enterprises that have their corporate headquarters in developed countries (North) but operate a variety of branch companies in many different parts of the world, particularly Southern countries.Gender MurderDetermining the gender of a fetus and discarding the undesirable one based on its gender.Infanticide Causing the death of unwanted babies/children.Aid Money, food, goods or “considerations” given to a developing country by one or more governments, institutions, or agencies. The reasons for giving vary- to provide humanitarian help, to promote trade, to boost sales in the donor country, or to gain political or military advantage.The Green Revolution The use of modern machinery and fertilizers, better quality seeds, and improved irrigation to improve food production in developing countries.