Presentation on theme: "Bridging food security and nutrition"— Presentation transcript:
1 Bridging food security and nutrition Standing Committee on Nutrition: Working TogetherBridging food security and nutritionSimple tools for measuring households’ access to food and dietary diversityMarie Claude DopTerri BallardAmélie Solal-CélignyGina KennedyFAO Nutrition and Consumer Protection DivisionIn collaboration with the Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) Project, under the EC-FAO Food Security Information for Action Programme
2 OutlineThe conceptual frameworkOur approachDescription of the toolsDescription of the projectNext steps
3 The conceptual framework Our approachDescription of the toolsDescription of the projectNext steps
4 1. The conceptual framework AnthropometryIndividual Dietary DiversityHousehold Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS)Household Dietary DiversityAdapted from UNICEF conceptual framework for malnutrition
5 The conceptual framework Our approachDescription of the toolsDescription of the projectNext steps
6 2- Our approachOur approach is to :Use existing tools (not create new tools)Promote standardizationAssist countries in adaptation of the tools to the local contextIdentify entry points for integration into food security and nutrition information systemsIn order to :build capacity of national institutions to produce relevant food security and nutrition information for decision-making on a timely basis
7 The conceptual framework Our approachDescription of the toolsDescription of the projectNext steps
8 3- Description of the tools Household Dietary Diversity QuestionnaireExpanded FANTA tool with 14 food groupsIndicator of access to foodValidated in a multicountry study against energy intake(Hodinott and Yohannes, 2002)
9 3- Description of the tools Individual Dietary Diversity QuestionnaireAdapted from DHS questionnaire to mothers of infants16 food groupsIndicator of dietary qualityDietary diversity validated against nutrient adequacy in various age groupsOn-going discussion on choice of food groups and interpretation
10 3- Description of the tools FANTA Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS)9 questions about food-related experiences of households when facing inadequate access to foodIn the past 4 weeks,did it happen that you or any household member had to eat some foods that you really did not want to eat because of lack of resources?did it happen that you or any household member had to eat fewer meals in a day because there was not enough food?did it happen that you or any household member went to sleep at night hungry because there was not enough food?The development of the tool is described in a Supplement of Journal of Nutrition, vol. 136, 2006
11 3- Description of the tools Potential uses:→ together with other indicators (not stand alone tools)situation and vulnerability assessments in contexts of chronic food insecurity or for early warning and Integrated Phase Classificationtargeting communities for food security interventionsmonitoring and evaluation of the impact of strategies and programmes, including at decentralized level
12 3- Description of the tools Strengths:early indicatorsspecific to foodeasy to administereasy to analyze at decentralized levelLimitations:risk of biased responses due to expectation of aidmore validation needed in different contextsFurther work needed:refinement of scoring and interpretation
13 The conceptual framework Our approachDescription of the toolsDescription of the projectNext steps
14 4- Description of the project In 6 countries:Burkina Faso, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, West Bank/Gaza StripBuild capacity for adaptation, translation and field testing of the tools for use in the individual countriesConsult with national and international organizations for integration of the tools in on-going information systemsIn several countries, provide technical support for analysis and interpretation of data
15 4- Description of the project Country-level activities in 2006Kenya: Field adaptation done in August National stakeholder meeting in NovNational team: Dr. Alice Mwangi and Ms. Gloria Mbera, University of Nairobi Applied Human Nutrition Programme with assistance of Ms. Muthoni Mwangi, FAO-Kenya and the Ministry of Agriculture.Malawi: Field adaptation done in July National stakeholder meeting in NovNational Team: Dr. Beatrice Mtimuni and Mr. Numeri Geresomo of the Bunda College of Agriculture, Home Economics and Human Nutrition Programme with assistance from the Ministry of Agriculture.Mozambique: Field adaptation done in March Integration into baseline survey for BSF project, Nov/Dec 2006National team: Ms. Kerry Selvester, ANSA, with assistance from personnel of provincial SETSAN offices.
16 4- Description of the project Planned country-level activities for 2007Burkina Faso:Tools were integrated into an Agricultural survey in The project will provide technical support to Government for further applications of tools, for data analysis and interpretation of indicators.Somalia:Field adaptation of dietary diversity and HFIAS questionnaires for use in on-going monitoring and periodic assessments. Validation of Dietary Diversity against children’s and women’s anthropometry.→ Work to be done with FSAU-nutrition sectionWest Bank/Gaza Strip:Capacity building in use of tools for rapid assessment on food insecurity in times of crisis.
17 4- Description of the project International Workshop on simple tools for measuring household access to food and dietary diversityNairobi: March 21-23, 2007→ To discuss the tools and their integration into information systemsParticipants coming from 6 countries with ongoing projects under the EC/FAO Programme, including representatives of key line Ministries, FANTA Project and South Africa.
18 The conceptual framework Our approachDescription of the toolsDescription of the projectNext steps
19 5- Next stepsProduce guidelines for adaptation, use, analysis and interpretation of the toolsRepeat survey in Mozambique to detect seasonal changes in food security using the toolsContinue collaboration with governments and international agencies for application of the toolsIntroduce the tools into M&E of National Programmes for Food Security (NPFS)