Presentation on theme: "Malaria The entire preview So what did we learn? Our Method: A simple technique of using questionnaires and thorough internet research Our Aim: To find."— Presentation transcript:
So what did we learn? Our Method: A simple technique of using questionnaires and thorough internet research Our Aim: To find about malaria and learn about the different types of protection for malaria and how effective each of they are.
What is Malaria Malaria is a potentially fatal tropical disease that is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium. It spreads through the bite of an Anopheles mosquito. It is estimated that there are 300-500 million new cases every year, with 1.5 to 2.7 million deaths worldwide. It mainly occurs in LEDCs continents like Africa, Asia and South America
What kind of people did we ask? Experienced students Doctors Researchers Lecturers Parasitologists
Why did we ask these people? They were mainly involved with protection for Malaria and had been involved in many overseas work concerning malaria. E.g One person had lived, worked and visited many countries Asia and Africa
What types of protection are there? Mosquito nets Insecticide treating Use plants that repel mosquitoes. Use fish that eat mosquito Larvae Cover water using polystyrene Appropriate clothing Mosquito coils Remove nearby pools of water Use of drugs e.g Chloroquine, Tetracycline.
What is the most effective? These two types of protection arouse in every completed questionnaire: Bed Nets with Insecticide Drugs such as Chloroquine However Dr Chris Curtis believes that it is a mixture of things
Vaccines A majority of people believe that Vaccines will be found in the future. However many are concerned how long it will take. Possibly 50 years or next year; the future is unpredictable! “An effective vaccine against malaria has been developed and could be licensed by 2010, scientists say.” taken from BBC News
Here are some opinions: Well, parasites are clever bugs. There aren’t any vaccines for protozoal diseases yet. Poor countries cannot afford it and MEDCs do not benefit. Not enough money It is hard to find vaccines due to different types of malaria Not easy Boring research Parasites undergo different life stages The parasite becomes undetectable in the body Simply difficult Not enough motivation What are the problems of finding a vaccine?
The amount of Plasmodium falciparum cases in the country The amount of Plasmodium vivax cases in the country
Who is responsible? The main carrier of these parasites are known as the ‘Anopheles culicifacies’, a type of mosquito. Mainly evident in stagnant water and is mostly dependent on temporal variations in rainfall.
Under Control The use of medicine such as Chloroquine and primaquine. However people attempt to avoid the vector with the popularised use of bed nets and indoor spraying.
Malaria in Nigeria Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax can be mainly found in the tropical parts of Nigeria. Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly out of all the four types of malaria infection. Plasmodium vivax,70 to 80 million reported cases in Africa.
Treatments Treated nets Mosquito coils Insecticide spray Treated clothing Chroloquine sulphate and other drugs. Many more………..
Malaria in Mozambique Mozambique among top 10 nations affected by malaria 60% of patients in paediatric wards are there as a result of malaria illness Malaria is the leading cause of death in hospitals, causing almost 30% of all deaths recorded.
Malaria in Mozambique Plasmodium falciparum is most found the type of malaria in Mozambique It is responsible for 90% of malaria infected disease Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium ovale are also found in Mozambique P. malariae account for 9.1% and P. ovale is 0.9%.
Health Care Access to health care in Mozambique is very low. 50% of the population live an estimated 20km or move away from the nearest hospital.
Treating Malaria Drugs like Chloroquine Insecticide-treated nets Mozambique was involved in the experiment of vaccine experiment which involved 2,022 children in southern Mozambique.