Presentation on theme: "Geography of Poverty: Case Study: Moçambique Rick Bein IUPUI Geography Department Fulbright Schollar to Mozambique 11 Months Sept 2004-August 2005 Teaching."— Presentation transcript:
Geography of Poverty: Case Study: Moçambique Rick Bein IUPUI Geography Department Fulbright Schollar to Mozambique 11 Months Sept 2004-August 2005 Teaching “ Maneio e planificação de Recursos Recreativos ” (Ecotourism) Research 4 Storey Agriculture
Ecotourism Application for a forestry curriculum Support a national effort to develop tourism as a source for raising foreign capital Course mission: develop a sense of sustainability regarding the use of tourism resources
1. What kind of tourism can Mozambicans appreciate? 2. How can Mozambicans become tourists? Redefining tourism as to what is available for low income nationals
4th year forestry students at Eduardo Mondlane University
Maputo City Parks Portuguese colonial masters created 40 plus city parks in the capital city of Maputo before they left in the early 1970s. Parks still remain on the landscape, but not always used in the manner intended by the Portuguese. Parks remain as a source of recreation for the average Mozambicans.
Four Storey Agriculture Dr. F. L. (Rick) Bein, Fulbright Professor Universidade de Eduardo Mondlane Faculdade de Agronomia de Engenharia Florestal Indiana University - Purdue University at Indianapolis Christopher J. Hill Private Consultant Morrungulo, Inhambane, Moçambique
Four Storey Agriculture Occurs in the District of Massinga, in the coastal coconut zone of Inhambane Province, Moçambique Where many different types of crops grow together on the same land.
High Biodiversity Farming This highly bio-diverse mix of at least 20 crops grows to: Various heights, Plant Life Cycles, and Agro-ecological Micro-zones.
The study area: District de Massinga Province of Inhambane, Moçambique
The Four Levels The fourth level, the highest, is occupied by well spaced coconut trees. The third level contains dispersed shorter useful trees. These consist of cashews, planted fruit trees, wild fruit trees and others used for fiber and medicinal purposes. The second level is occupied by plants that grow upright off the ground and includes cassava, corn and sorghum. The first level covers the ground and includes peanuts, cowpeas, pumpkins and cacana.
The fourth level, the highest, is occupied by dispersed coconut trees.
The third level contains dispersed fruit trees and other useful trees like this medicinal tree.
Cassava is grown in the 2nd storey. People eat the leaves and the roots.
Cacana grows wild on the ground in the first level and complements the diet.
The Four Storeys Coconut trees dominate the Caju trees, that shade the Cassava. Cowpeas capture the sunlight that reaches the ground.
The products of Agroforestry Subsistence Cassava Maize Peanuts Cowpeas Fruits (cultivated e Wild) Coconut products Sorghum Products of the Mafura Sweet Potatoes Vegetables Meat Mopane worms Commercial Copra e coconuts Cashew nuts Alcohol distilled from fermented fruits Peanuts Artisan Products Construction Material Firewood & Charcoal Meat
4 Storey Agriculture was a survival strategy that developed by trial and error for more that one thousand years, in which the farmers of Inhambane Province adopted new exotic plants and incorporated them with their native plants.
Security of 4 Storey Agriculture. During war. When markets fail When crops fail Distributes the production of food throughout the year Diversifies the diet