Presentation on theme: "Successes and challenges for the TFCAs in Southern Africa"— Presentation transcript:
1 Successes and challenges for the TFCAs in Southern Africa PRESENTATION TO THE IUCN workshop
2 OUTLINE SUCCESSES CHALLENGES PRIORITY AREAS BACKGROUND LEGAL MANDATE NUMBER OF TFCAsMILESTONESTFCA DEVELOPMENT STRATEGYCHALLENGESPRIORITY AREAS
3 BACKGROUND The TFCA programme seeks to: Foster trans-national collaboration and co-operation for effective management of shared ecosystems;Promote alliances in the management natural resources by encouraging social, economic and other partnerships;Develop cross-border eco-tourism as a means of fostering regional socio-economic development.Establish mechanisms to facilitate exchange of technical, scientific and legal information for the joint management of ecosystems.
4 LEGAL MANDATEThe legal foundation for the establishment, development and management of TFCAs is the SADC Protocol on Wildlife and Law Enforcement Article 4(f).All international agreements establishing the TFCAs are based on that Protocol.The agreements are also informed by other relevant instruments e.g.SADC protocols related to NRM, shared river basins, and water resources;MEAs that promote international collaboration in the management of shared natural resources
5 LEGAL MANDATEThe principal signatories to the international agreements on the TFCAs are the Political Heads of Government Departments/Ministries.In terms of the provisions of South African Constitution DEA has the mandate with the approval of the President to enter into international agreements on the establishment of TFCAs.
6 NUMBER OF TFCAs TFCA COUNTRIES STATUS Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park Botswana, South AfricaAgreement signed 2000Great Limpopo Transfrontier ParkMozambique, South Africa, ZimbabweMoU signed 2000Treaty signed 2002/Ai-/Ais Richtesveld Transfrontier ParkNamibia, South AfricaMoU signed 2001Treaty signed 2003Maloti –Drakensberg TFCALesotho, South AfricaLubombo TFCAMozambique, South Africa, SwazilandProtocols signed 2000Greater Mapungubwe TFCABotswana, South Africa, ZimbabweMoU signed 2006
7 MILESTONESDevelopment and implementation of joint conservation management and tourism development plans (guide management of TFCAs as integrated units)Development of joint governance structures such as Joint Management Boards, Technical Committees, thematic working groupsDropping of fences in strategic areas to improve free movement of wildlife in the ecosystem rangesEstablishment of cross border tourist access facilities (Giriyondo, Mata Mata, Twee Rivieren, Sendelingsdrift)
8 MILESTONESDevelopment of Boundless Southern Africa, a marketing brand for TFCA. Its purpose is to market and promote TFCA in a consolidated and coordinated manner (launched in 2008, registered with RETOSA).Packaging and promotion of investment opportunities in TFCAs.
9 TFCA DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY Kavango-ZambeziGLTPLimpopo- ShaseKgalagadiLubomboAI/Ais – RichtersveldMDTPTFCA DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
12 CHALLENGESLack of financial commitment from other countries to facilitate the TFCA initiativeLack of funds for infrastructure development.Land claims in some areasEscalating cost for incorporating private land into the TFCAsPolitical instability in some countriesLand use conflict in some areas (i.e. conservation, agriculture or mining)
13 PRIORITY AREASFormulation of implementable policies and/or strategies on conservation issues that transcend national boundariesWildlife exchange programmes and translocationsControl of AIS, disease control and fire managementCross border researchCross border law enforcementRegulation of driving 4 X 4 vehicles and quad bikes on environmentally sensitive areasImplementation of UNIVISA
14 PRIORITY AREAS Establishment of TFCA Trust Fund Establish cross border tourist access facilities (Greater Mapungubwe, Lubombo, Maloti-Drakensberg)Full implementation of the TFCA brand (awareness raising and active marketing of TFCAs)Establishment of central reservation systemInvestment promotion in an effort to secure investors for the packaged projects.Infrastructure developmentEstablishment of central communication systems in TFCAs
15 CONCLUSION The priority areas are common to most of the TFCAs. Need to develop a clear programme of action to achieve all of these in order to realize full potential of TFCAsSome of the areas may require the amendment or SADC ProtocolsCollaboration of member states is critical.