Presentation on theme: "TILAPIA CULTURE. Water Temperatures for: Tilapia are native to Africa, Israel and Jordan Best growth- above 77 0 F Spawning - above 68 0 F Death- 50 to."— Presentation transcript:
Global tilapia aquaculture exceeds salmon in 2009
Tilapia ( June 2007, Tesco, UK ) $8 US per lb whole fish!!!!
Imports in 2008 were $696,085,981 US production of 20,000,000 lbs at farm 2009 US tilapia farm-gate sales over $55,000,000 2009 US Tilapia Sales estimate – $696,085,981 + $55,000,000 = $751,085,981 US Sales of tilapia
Tilapia farming in the U. S. 1.Most production is from enclosed, water reuse system because of cold winter water temperatures. 2.Production costs are high. 3.Most tilapia are sold live or whole iced. 4.Presently, U. S. producers can’t compete with producers in tropical climates for processed tilapia. 5.Fresh fillets are imported from Central and South America. 6.Frozen fillets are imported from Asia.
Advantages of Farming Tilapia 1.Feeds low on the food chain 2.Accepts wide range of feeds 3.Resistant to poor water quality, disease and handling 4.Good flesh quality 5.Fingerlings easy to produce year round
Disadvantages of raising tilapia 1.Reach sexual maturity at a young age 2.Males grow faster than females 3.Difficult to harvest from earthen ponds with a seine 4.Low percentage of fillet removed from body
Over 3.1 billion pounds of farmed tilapia are harvest world-wide yearly. Major producers are: China > Philippines > Thailand U. S. tilapia Production in 2000: 18,191,000 lbs
New product forms Smoked tilapia Sashimi grade tilapia
Tilapia and food service On almost all cruise ships Starting to appear on airlines Increasingly with schools, hospitals and prisons Several prisons have their own tilapia farms Courtesy: Eric Roderick