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APRM MOZAMBIQUE MOZAMBIQUE African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) Following up on the Programm of Action.

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Presentation on theme: "APRM MOZAMBIQUE MOZAMBIQUE African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) Following up on the Programm of Action."— Presentation transcript:

1 APRM MOZAMBIQUE MOZAMBIQUE African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) Following up on the Programm of Action

2 OUTLINE General information and social indicators Findings Lessons learnt Next steps Conclusion REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

3 REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE MAP OF MOZAMBIQUE

4 GENERAL INFORMATION AND SOCIAL INDICATORS 1 Location: Southern Africa, the country borders the Indian Ocean, with 2800 km of coastline, and has country borders with Swaziland, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi and Tanzania. Surface – km 2 Climate: Inter-tropical (rainy/warm and dry/cool) Date of independence: 25 June 1975 C\ Official Language: Portuguese Currency: Metical Exchange Rate MT/USD, annual average, 2006: 25.4 MT) Main Mother Tongues: 16 REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

5 GENERAL INFORMATION AND SOCIAL INDICATORS 2 Population: 20, 854 million inhabitants, the urban population represents about one third (1/3) Demographic Density: 26 hab./km 2 Life Expectancy at birth (years): men 46,1, women 49.9 Gross Mortality Rate: 15,7 % Gross Birth Rate: 39,4 % Natural Growth Rate of the of the population: 2, 4% HIV/AIDS Prevalence Rate (15-49 years): 16.2% Literacy Rate (2005): 51,9 % Proportion of seats occupied by women at the Parliament: 35 % REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

6 GENERAL INFORMATION AND SOCIAL INDICATORS 3 Unemployment Rate (population of 15 years and above): 18.7 % GDP per capita (2006): USD 349 GDP (Real Growth Rate 2006): 8 % Liquid International Reserves, 2006: 1.231,1 million USD Current Revenue, 2006, (% GDP): 13.7% External Debt Stock, 2006: 3.329,6 million USD) Annual Inflation, 2006: 8.1 % REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

7 The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is an objective self-assessment exercise which comprehend all stakholders Its singularity is due to the fact that the object of assessment is the country’s dynamics of governance as a whole, not only the performance of the Government. This purpose garantees, the established principles of: comprehensing, inclusion, scientificity, ideological neutrality. REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

8 FINDINGS The assignment generated good results thanks to the mobilization and contributions received from civil society organizations, public and private sector The raising of public awareness for greater participation in the process, made through the media REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

9 FINDINGS The assessment clearly indicates that there were many progresses in Mozambique and efforts are being made in order to: guarantee fudamental freedom Improve life conditions Improve infrastructure Improve food security Guarnatee citizenship rights nomely in the area of: Health Sducation Support in emergency situations (calamities) REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

10 FINDINGS Guarantee the protection of vulnerable segments of the society Development of efforts towards consolidating dialogue with different stakeholders and economic growth Above all the maintenance of a good management of the national reconciliation process, guarantee of peace REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

11 FINDINGS The evaluation also shows some weaknesses : ―That make the process delays things from happening even what is considered positive that can grow, be consolidated – There is a perception that the gap of social differences between rich and poor has grown and became narrow in such a way that Mozambique can be rated as unfair country – The awareness of social exclusion and the bad distribution of income can become a space of conflicts – Corruption has lost its pudor due to the impunity that makes the adoption of measures difficult not allowing the control and ending of corruption – That national entrepreneurs is incipient REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

12 FINDINGS – That the lack of public political strategies in some areas that are fundamental for the life of the population can cancel all the efforts being made towards making the country progress – Enphasizing the protection of vulnerable population, security, HIV/Aids – The prevention of labour conflicts, unemployment, land, informal activities The National Programm of Action was designed on the basis of the findings of the self-assessement report and recommendations from the Review Mission. REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

13 Lessons learnt Greater awareness of the people for them to take part in governing the country Dialogue and interaction among all stakeholders (government, civil society, private sector APRM has increased national awareness on citizens’ rights Public discussions always make reference to APRM’s Self- assessment Report The Self-assessment Report use to be the basis for sustaining some political speeches REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

14 NEXT STEPS 1 Disseminate the Country Review Report throughout the country, in the region and at international level Capacity of APRM National Forum and its Technical Unit (the Secretariat) Strengthened as an independent and autonomous national bodies to implement and monitor the APRM operation in the country including the monitoring of the National Programme of Action Strengthening of the Focal Point capacity as a key to the long-term viability of the process. The APRM Focal Point secretariat is established within the Ministry for Planning and Development (MPD) to ensure harmonization of the NPoA with the national plans as well as of respective implementation and submission of reports to the APRM Forum REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

15 NEXT STEPS 2 Continuous education of APRM stakeholders on the APRM process and on the importance and need for the citizens to participate in the same, ensuring Country Review Report and NPoA are disseminated, implemented and monitored Mobilization of Civil society at national, provincial and district level to ensure participation in the APRM, and in the monitoring and evaluation of NPoA including an integrated information system established through sectors and mini surveys. Best practices documented, up scaled, replicated & mainstreamed Write progress reports every six months for APRM’s Continental Secretariat REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

16 CONCLUSION NPoA monitoring & evaluation stage is crucial to the civil society, given the fact that activities are spread throughout the country and must be well followed up APRM is a new process in our country. For it to be a success funding must be guaranteed for at least the one cycle (from one assessment to another) REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION

17 Thank you REPÚBLICA DE MOÇAMBIQUE FOLLOWING UP ON THE PROGRAMM OF ACTION


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