Presentation on theme: "Disaster Risk Reduction and the use of the Hyogo Framework"— Presentation transcript:
1 Disaster Risk Reduction and the use of the Hyogo Framework REPUBLIC OF MOZAMBIQUEDisaster Risk Reduction and the use of the Hyogo FrameworkByCasimiro Abreu(Deputy General Director )INGC- Mozambique, 2013
2 IntroductionFirst of all, I would like to thanks the organizers for invite Mozambique to participate on this conference and congratulate the Government of Korea to host this important event.I would like also to thanks for the opportunity given to Mozambique to share this presentation.
3 BackgroundMozambique is located in the Eastern Coast of Southern Africa between 10º27’ and 26º52’ South and 30º12’ and 40º51’ East.It has an area of about km2 and km coastal line, population of 20,5 million inhabitants (47,7% men and 52,3% women);68,5% of the population living in the rural areas; the remaining 31,5% in the urban areas;more than 80% of the population depend on agriculture (INE, 2007).Official Language: Portuguese
4 Most Common Hazards cyclones floods Droughts Mozambique is vulnerable to natural hazards of meteorological origin:cyclonesfloodsDroughts
5 Why is DRR and the use of HFA important to national development contexts
6 How is the HFA being used to support implementation and strategic positioning at the national level DevelopmentPlans/StrategiesPoliciesBudgetSector PlansProgrammesProjectsRegulationsIdentify NaturalHazard RisksEvaluate RisksAccept Risks?YesMonitorAndReviewNoIdentify Ways to Preventor Manage Risks(Adaptation Options)Prioritise AdaptationOptionsIncorporate HFA priorities into:
7 What have been the results so far? Main achievements in the policy area include (Some examples) 1. Approval in December 2012, by the Council of the Ministers of the DRM Bill to be submitted to Parliamentin Approval in November 2012, by the Council of Ministers, of the National Climate Change Strategy ( ), that clearly identifies DRR and climate change adaptation as national priorities. 3. Approval in May 2012, by the Council of Ministers, the new regulation that guides the implementation of resettlement programs triggered by the development of economic and social activities, particularly mining and agriculture. 4. Integration of the disaster risk in the National Development Strategy (END) which is under design by the Ministry of Planning and Development aiming at orienting the paths for national development over the period Active engagement of UN agencies in DRM activities, particularly in development of arid zones, flood mitigation in urban areas and cyclone mitigation over the coastal areas.
8 What have been the implementation of the HFA challenges? Mozambique does not have yet sufficient and adequate human, technical and institutional capacities to plan and respond efficiently to major and national scale disasters;The vulnerability of social and economic infrastructures and of productive activities are still increasing, due among other factors, the rapid development in risk areas in the most recent years;There is an increase trend of disaster risk (floods, erosion) in urban areas mainly due to settlements and other development in flood risk areas, and as well, coastal erosion due to lack of coastal protection;Early warning messages are still reaching the communities at risk with some deficiencies (ambiguity for instance). This reality does not allow a well informed decision making process for, for instance, evacuation of people and goods to safe areas;
9 What worked well in the implementation process Collaboration and commitment between government agencies, the private sector and civil society organizations in the disaster risk reduction areasAccording to the existing regulation, the national platform for DRM is the Disaster Management Technical Council (CTGC) and the members of the CTGC are:Line ministries: Planning, Finance, State Administration, Defense, Interior, Transport and Communications, Agriculture, Health, Education, Foreign Affairs, Environment, Public Works and Housing, Woman and Social Action;Technical sector departments: Metereological Department (INAM), Water Management Department (DNA), National Directorate of Geology, Geodesy and Mapping unit (CENARTA), Food Security and Nutrition Technical Secretariat (SETSAN), and the National Institute for Agrarian Research (IIAM);Civil society platform: G20, a platform comprised of more than 400 national Non Goverment Organizations;Academia: Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM) and Mozambique Technical University (UDM). But the room is open for other universities engaged in DRR activities;UN Agencies: all the UN agencies are represented in the platform;6. Woman organizations7. Private sector
11 ProgressFrom the specific areas of the Hyogo Framework of Action, the priorities 3, 2 and 5 are those that registered remarkable progress between the periods andAs a result of the national committement, the 2013 evaluation shows that Mozambique as made significant progress in 54% (12) of the 22 progress indicators;Priority 4 is the one that registered minor progress during the period and , while priority 1 kept stagnant.
12 Recommendations - moving forward with a post 2015 development agenda Implement vigorously the Disaster Risk Management Bill;Continue with the implementation of the INGC master plan;Have approved and have started implementing the Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy;Establish a Disaster Risk Reduction Fund;Continue with the decentralization of contingency plan funds to de local level;Continue Improving the information quality and flow;Expand the risk evaluation activity to different urban areas; Establish a capacity building plan for INGC and its operative organs;
13 Recommendations - moving forward with a post 2015 development agenda Continue creating the Local Disaster Management committees;Create incentives for the Local Disaster Management committees;Continue strengthening the participative dialogue of the civil society in the disaster management process
14 Key messagesMozambique will not achieve sustainable development if DRR/CCA priorities are not translated into action and at all levels;Mozambique can not achieve national development goals if key development sectors are not adequately protected from disaster and climate risks impacts;Only investment on DRR/CCA actions in key development sectors can reduce climate and disaster vulnerability of the national, economy and local communitiesDDR/CCA can only be systematically achieved if adequate technical, political and institutional capacities exist to assess risks and vulnerabilities, implement, monitor and evaluate the impacts of DRR and CCA measures and activities across key sectors and at all levels