2 VocabularyHormones – chemicals that travel in the blood and cause changes in different parts of the bodyGlands – a tissue or group of tissues that make and release hormonesPituitary gland – the “Master Gland” because it regulates and controls activities of other endocrine glands
3 Thyroid gland – controls the rate at which the body uses energy Parathyroid glands – regulate calcium levels in the bloodThymus gland – regulates the immune system, which helps the body fight diseaseAdrenal glands – help the body respond to stress and danger
4 Pancreas – regulates blood sugar levels Ovaries (female) & Testes (male) – produce hormones involved in reproduction
5 Pituitary GlandKnown as the master gland because it regulates and controls activities of other endocrine glands3 lobes are anterior, intermediate, and posterior.
7 Growth DisordersAbnormal amounts can result in small stature or extra large stature in childrenSome people take it illegally (Stallone) and it’s long term health effects are unknown at this time
8 Diseases of the Thyroid Graves’ disease – hyperthyroidism – overactive and enlarged gland produces excessive thyroxine. Symptoms include nervousness, weight loss, increased thirst, rapid heartbeat, and intolerance to coldThe Actor Marty Feldmansuffered from Graves Diseaseas does Maggie Smith
9 Thyroid diseases continued Hypothyroidism – low thyroxine production causes fatigue, dry skin, weight gain, constipation and sensitivity to coldGoiter – enlargement of the thyroid gland, caused mainly by lack of iodin in the diet.Oprah Winfrey has beentreated for mild hypothyroidism
10 Pancreas Serves both the digestive and endocrine systems. Secretes 2 hormones that regulate the level of glucose in the blood – glucagon and insulin.Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disorder in which the pancreas produces too little or no insulin, resulting in high blood glucose levels. Symptoms include fatigue, weight loss, thirst and frequent urination.Type 1 = 10% of all diabetics – treated with insulinType 2 = 18% of North Americans over 60 have insulin resistance – treated with diet and insulin if neededGestational Diabetes – 2-5% - high blood glucose during pregnancy that may proceed Type 2 diabetes and may damage the health of the fetus and mother
12 Famous people with Diabetes Halle Berry - Diabetes didn't stop her from appearing as the super-powered mutant Storm in the X-Men movies. However, her recent statement that she's gone from having type 1 to type 2 diabetes did raise a lot of eyebrows - because it's impossible!Adam Morrison - Diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at age 14, Adam worked hard and made it all the way to the NBA.Gary Hall - This Olympic athlete didn't let type 1 diabetes stop him from earning a gold medal in swimming.
13 Elliott Yamin - After being diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at age 16, he went on to become one of the top singers on American Idol in 2006.Vanessa Williams - Not only was Vanessa the first African-American Miss America, she is also a diabetic.Jackie Robinson - The first black baseball player in the major leagues had diabetes.George Lucas - The creator of the Star Wars saga is a very mild type 2 diabetic.Thomas Edison - The inventor of the light bulb was a diabetic.
14 Reproductive Hormones Testosterone (testes) – stimulates secondary sex characteristics in males (ex. Facial hair, broader shoulders, and stimulates sperm productionEstrogen (ovaries)– stimulates secondary sex characteristics in femalesProgesterone (ovaries) – allows the uterus to prepare for pregnancy and helps regulate the menstrual cycle
15 Secondary Sex Characteristics Girls – average girls grow 12 inches and gain about 40 pounds between ages 11-16, reaching her full adult height by age 16 or 17. Other physical changes are acne or pimples, body hair grows, breasts develop, hips widen and menstruation begins.Boys – average boys grow 16 inches and gain about 60 pounds between ages 12-18, reaching his full adult height by age 18 or 19. Other physical changes are acne or pimples, facial hair grows, voice deepens, shoulders broaden and body hair grows.
16 Endocrine System Health 7 Steps to Controlling of the Controller By taking charge of your lifestyle you can have a tremendous impact on your glandular health and hormonal balance. Just follow these seven simple steps Eat Healthy. Good quality protein and essential oils are most important. Eat more fruits, vegetables, low-fat protein and get your oils from fish, nuts and whole grains Let Go of Stress. Excess tension and negative emotions exhaust your adrenal glands. Learn how to let it go. Rest, relaxation techniques, exercise and a positive attitude can all help.
17 3. Exercise Daily. Moderate regular exercise is a must 3. Exercise Daily. Moderate regular exercise is a must. And it doesn't take much. A half-hour walk, swim or a low-impact home exercise video all work just fine Drink Water. Your body is made up mostly of water that needs to be replenished by at least 8 glasses a day. No other liquid can replace the benefits of pure water Think Positively. Your attitude has a huge impact on your health, your body and how you feel. Learning to use your mind positively can make all the difference Improve Your Lifestyle. Bad habits reek havoc on your hormonal system. If you want to be healthy and feel good, give up smoking and junky food and drinks Take Natural Health Supplements. Research has proven you can't get everything you need for optimum health from the modern diet – no matter how good yours is