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GA 3113 BLOOM TAXONOMY & TABLE OF SPECIFICATION (TOS) Zolkepeli Haron FAKULTI PENDIDIKAN, UKM 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "GA 3113 BLOOM TAXONOMY & TABLE OF SPECIFICATION (TOS) Zolkepeli Haron FAKULTI PENDIDIKAN, UKM 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 GA 3113 BLOOM TAXONOMY & TABLE OF SPECIFICATION (TOS) Zolkepeli Haron FAKULTI PENDIDIKAN, UKM 2010

2 Selecting the Learning Outcomes to be tested Outlining the Subject Matter Making the Two-Way Chart PREPARING TABLE OF SPECIFICATION (TOS)

3 Bloom Taxonomy Domain Bloom Taxonomy Domain Knowledge (Pengetahuan) Comprehension (Kefahaman) Application (Aplikasi) Analysis (Analisis) Synthesis (Sintesis) Evaluation (Penilaian)

4 KNOWLEDGE CATEGORY (COGNITIVE LEVEL) Ask for straight recall or recognition of facts and principles Item is easy to set, quick to mark, and quick to answer Depend on the accuracy of memory Easiest level of cognitive test

5 Knowledge (Aras Pengetahuan) Identifies Names Defines Describes Lists Matches Selects Outlines Processess of remembering, recall of a pattern, structure, or setting

6 Example 1 Example 2 Another name for the 50 th percentile is A. The mean *B.The median C. The mode D. The score that is equal to one-half the maximum score In physics, the term acceleration is defined as A. Mass/force *B. Change in velocity/time C. Mass/velocity D. Distance/time E. Resistance/effort

7 COMPREHENSION (COGNITIVE LEVEL) To find out understanding of concepts studied Give explanations of phenomena and not simply definitions A thorough or reasonable familiarity with principles

8 Comprehension (Aras Kefahaman) Classifies Explains Summarizes Converts Predicts Distinguishes between Translation, interpretation, and extrapolation

9 Example 1 Which of the following represents the best definition of the term “protoplasm”? A. A complex colloidal system made up of water, proteins and fats. B. Anything capable of growth by a regular progressive series of changes into a more complex unit. C. A complex mixture of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, capable of responding to changes in its environment D. A complex colloidal system proteins, fats, carbohydrates, inorganic salts, and enzymes manifesting life.

10 APPLICATION (COGNITIVE LEVEL) Required to deduce the result Deduce the underline principles Required to deduce the environmental conditions

11 Application (Aras Aplikasi) Demonstrates Computes Solves Modifies Arranges Operates Relates Requires mastering a concept well enough to Recognize when and how to use it correctly

12 Contoh 5 Luas bulatan yang berjejari 7 cm ialah A. 7  B. 49  C. 21  D. 22  Sejenis makanan diuji dengan iodin didapati tidak bertindak balas. Makan tersebut larut dalam air, bila direbus dengan larutan Fehling’s, ia berubah menjadi warna merah bata. Makan itu adalah A. sejenis kanji B. garam mineral C. asid amino D. vitamin Contoh 6 Mengetahui rumus dan mengira Mengaplikasikan teori dalam uji kaji

13 ANALYSIS, SYNTHESIS, EVALUATION (COGNITIVE LEVEL) Experimental procedures which principles are to be investigated Involves component and procedure or techniques to be designed Comparison of alternative procedures Involve judgement & decisions

14 Analysis (Aras Analisis) Differentiates Diagrams Estimates Separates Infers Orders Subdivides The breakdown of a communication into its constituent elements or parts such that the relative hierarchy of ideas

15 Example 1 Analyze the implicit philosophical presupposition in the statement, “If anything exists, it exists in some quantity, and hence is measureable

16 Synthesis (Aras Sintesis) Combines Creates Formulates Designs Composes Constructs Rearranges Revises Putting together of elements and parts to form a whole … not clearly there before

17 Example 1 Add three lines to complete the verse: “I saw old autumn in the misty morn.”

18 Evaluation (Aras Penilaian) Judges Criticizes Compares Justifies Concludes Discriminates Supports The making of judgments about the value, for some purpose, of ideas, works, solutions, methods, materials, etc.

19 Example  - The ability to indicate logical fallacies in arguments  - The ability to evaluate health beliefs critically

20 Aktiviti 1 Teliti semua soalan dalam kertas peperiksaan anda. Tentukan tahap kognitif dalam domain Taksonomi Bloom bagi setiap soalan.

21 TABLE OF SPECIFICATIONS SELECTING THE LEARNING OUTCOMES TO BE TESTED OUTLINE THE CONTENT SUBJECT MATTER MAKING TWO WAY CHART DISTRIBUTING THE NUMBER OF TEST ITEM (RELATIVE WEIGHTS) ACCORDING TO CELLS OF THE TABLE

22 LEARNING OUTCOMES COGNITIVE (BLOOM) PSYCHOMOTOR (HARROW) AFFECTIVE

23 PSYCHOMOTOR DOMAIN REFLEX MOVEMENTS BASIC-FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENTS PERCEPTUAL ABILITIES PHYSICAL ABILITIES SKILLED MOVEMENTS NONDISCURSIVE COMMUNICATION

24 AFFECTIVE DOMAIN RECEIVE (ATTENDING) RESPONDING VALUING ORGANIZATION CHARACTERIZATION BY A VALUE OR VALUE COMPLEX

25 Bincangkan kekuatan dan kelemahan TOS berikut: TOS Isi Pembelajaran KCAASETotal% Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk Total % Domain Kognitif Bloom Taburan untuk isi pembelajaran baik Taburan untuk Domain Kognitif lemah

26 Bincangkan kekuatan dan kelemahan TOS berikut: TOS Isi Pembelajaran KCAASETotal% Tajuk Tajuk 2 Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk 5 Tajuk Total % Domain Kognitif Bloom Taburan untuk Domain Kognitif baik Taburan untuk isi pembelajaran lemah

27 Bincangkan kekuatan dan kelemahan TOS berikut: TOS Isi Pembelajaran KCAASETotal% Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk Tajuk Total % Domain Kognitif Bloom Taburan untuk isi pembelajaran & Domain Kognitif baik Taburan konsentrasi mengikut domain boleh diperbaiki

28 Aktiviti 2 Bina Jadual Spesifikasi dari Aktiviti 1. Nyatakan kekuatan dan kelemahan yang perlu diperbaiki dalam Jadual Spesifikasi anda.

29 TOS Isi Pembelajaran KCAASETotal% 100 % Domain Kognitif Bloom Kekuatan: Kelemahan:

30 Langkah-langkah Pembinaan TOS 1.Tentukan peratusan pemberat bagi setiap isi pembelajaran yang akan diuji 2.Tentukan peratusan pemberat bagi setiap domain kognitif 3.Lengkapkan kandungan Jadual Spesifikasi (TOS)

31 Peratusan pemberat isi pembelajaran: INSTRUMENTASI Isi PembelajaranJam Kuliah%Total Soalan Peranti Semikond. Amp. Transistor Amp. Op-amp Pengayun Penguk. Analog Total % = (jam kuliah)/22  100 Total soalan = (40  %)/100

32 Peratusan pemberat domain Kognitif: INSTRUMENTASI KCAASETotal % Total Soalan % diisi berdasarkan objektif kursus masing-masing Total soalan = (40  %)/

33 TOS Isi Pembelajaran KCAASETotal% Peranti Sem. Amp. Trans. Amp. Op.amp Pengayun Pen. Analog Total 100 % Domain Kognitif Bloom Jadual Dua Hala (TOS) INSTRUMENTASI

34 Aktiviti 3 Bina satu Jadual Spesifikasi bagi soalan peperiksaan yang anda akan gubal

35 CONTENT OUT-LINE CATEGORIES OF BLOOM’S TAXONOMY GENERAL PHYSICS 20% HEAT 15% LIGHT 15% SOUND 10% ELECTRIC 30% ATOMIC PHYSICS 10% KNOWLEDGE 25% COMPREHENSION 45% APPLICATION 20% ANALYSIS 10% SYNTHESIS EVALUATION

36 TABLE OF SPECIFICATIONS (TOS) FOR A SUMMATIVE EVALUATION (COGNITIVE DOMAIN)

37 TABLE OF SPECIFICATIONS (TOS) FOR A SUMMATIVE EVALUATION

38 Quizzes 1. Which is the broadest, most inclusive term? a) educational goals b) Behavioral objectives c) Instructional objectives

39 2. Which is the lowest level of Bloom’s Taxonomy? a) Synthesis b) Application c) Knowledge d) Comprehension e) analysis

40 3. Has research supported the contention that all six levels a of the taxonomy are clearly distinguishable?

41 Answer 1. A 2. C 3. No


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