Presentation on theme: "Initial Ground Training Characteristics of Airports."— Presentation transcript:
Initial Ground Training Characteristics of Airports
Elements: 1) Geographic Location and Prevailing Weather Phenomena 2) Runway Configuration 3) Approach Minimums 4) Available Sources of Weather Information 5) Terrain features ( Elevation, Obstacles, & Slope) 6) Special Areas and Airports/Pilot Qualifications and Training (FAR 121.443 and 121.445) 7) Contact Information
Geographic Location The AD is located in flat uncultivated surroundings in the inner bay of the Gulf of Finland 8nm to the SSW of the city of Sankt Petersburg. Several lighted smokestacks and OBST in the built-up areas particular to the NE along the river Neva.
Prevailing Weather Phenomena Continental type of weather with cold winters and changing summer weather. Winter season is long and cold with mean MNM temperature of -9° to -16°C in NOV-MAR. Coldest months are JAN/FEB with lowest temperatures below -30°C. During summer lows from W with precipitation changing with high pressure with sunny and warm temperatures. Mean MAX temperature around +20°C during JUN-AUG. Local CB and thunder occurs. Heavy precipitation with tops in JUL/AUG. Some extreme warm days will occur when very warm SE wind blows from the great Russian steppe.
Available Sources of Weather Information Met Briefing Office = Aeronautical meteorological civil station “Pulkovo”, north-western branch of meteorological agency Roshydromet Hours of service and MET Office outside hours H24 Telephone: Pulkovo-1 +7 (812) 704-50-33 Pulkovo-2 +7 (812) 331-43-10 ATIS (ENGLISH) FREQ - 127.3
Terrain Feature Elevation: 79’ Magnetic Variation: 09 Degrees East
LOCAL TRAFFIC REGULATIONS Arriving aircraft, by flight crew’s request, shall be met by special vehicles, under the escort of which they shall taxi to the designated stand. Movement of aircraft about the aerodrome shall be controlled by the controllers of the Taxiing Control Unit on frequency 121.7 MHz on aprons 1, 2 and 5 and on frequency 121.9 MHz on aprons 3 and 4. Taxiing and towing are prohibited without permission of the controller of the Taxiing Control Unit.
Restrictions From 2300 to 0700 local time take-off shall be carried out in preference from RWY 10R/L depending on appropriate meteorological and air traffic conditions. From 2300 to 0700 local time landing shall be carried out in preference on RWY 28R/L depending on appropriate meteorological and air traffic conditions availability
Special approach procedures When established on final approach track, the flight crew shall lower the landing gear and set wing devices into intermediate position. At (400) m the flight crew shall commence setting the flaps into landing position and set the final approach speed taking into account the aircraft landing mass. Arriving aircraft The flight crews proceeding with landing at Pulkovo aerodrome, on first contact with Sankt-Peterburg ACC controller (callsign “Peterburg-Control”) shall additionally report the aircraft type The flight crew must listen to the current ATIS message and report its index on first contact with Approach controller when entering TMA
Departing aircraft The departure instructions shall contain: - the procedure of maneuvering after take-off; -the height of the initial climb; -the call sign of the control unit, with which it is necessary to establish radio contact after take-off, and the frequency on which it operates Engines start-up and taxiing. Engines start-up (including engines run-up) and movement of aircraft about the aerodrome shall be carried out: - on aprons 1, 2, 5 by permission of the controller of taxiing on frequency 121.7 MHz; - on aprons 3, 4, “SPARK” apron by permission of the controller of taxiing on 121.9 MHz. Movement along the runway shall be carried out only by permission of the Tower: - RWY 10R/28L on frequency 118.7 MHz, - RWY 10L/28R on frequency 118.1 MHz.
Low visibility procedures (LVP) Low visibility procedures shall be applied when RVR is 1000m or less and/or cloud base (vertical visibility) is 80m or less and also by the instruction of the aerodrome flight manager. The procedures shall be announced as “Low Visibility Procedures in Progress” transmitted on ATIS or ATS unit frequencies. CAT I, II, IIIA instrument approach procedures shall be implemented under the following meteorological conditions: CAT. I. DH is less than 80 m, but not less than 60 m. RVR is less than 1000 m, but not less than 550 m. CAT. II. DH is less than 60 m, but not less than 30 m. RVR is less than 550 m, but not less than 350 m. CAT. IIIA. DH is less than 30 m, but not less than 15 m. RVR is less than 350 m, but not less than 200 m.
Snow Plan / Airfield Information (General: All Authorized Airfields Russia) Snow Plan Responsibility. The Airport authority is the unit responsible for operational maintenance of airfield pavements (snow and water removal, evaluating the serviceability of airfield elements and measuring their characteristics) and for presenting relevant information. Measurement of Braking Action. Pavement condition shall be estimated by friction coefficient value. A correlation dependence exists between the values of the “normative friction coefficient” and the “measured friction coefficient” for the identical pavement conditions as in accordance with the following table: NOTE: The value of the normative friction coefficient of 0.3 corresponds to the value of the measured friction coefficient of 0.17.
Reporting of Braking Action. The information on braking action for each third of the runway starting with the runway end will be transmitted by SNOWTAM as a code number (column 1 of the table cited below). The relation between the values of code numbers, the values of measured friction coefficients, the values of the normative friction coefficients, the calculated braking action and the operational values are given in the following table:
Prevailing Weather Phenomena Minsk has a warm summer humid continental climate owing to its location between the strong influence of the moist air of the Atlantic Ocean and the dry air of the Eurasian landmass. Weather is unstable. The average January temperature is −6.1 °C (21.0 °F), The average July temperature is 17.8 °C (64.0 °F). The lowest temp was recorded on 17 January 1940, at −40 °C (−40 °F) The warmest on 29 July 1936, at 35 °C (95 °F). Expect frequent fog, common in the autumn and spring. Minsk receives annual precip of 646 millimeters (25.4 in), of which one third falls during the cold period (as snow and rain) and two thirds in the warm period. Throughout the year, most winds are westerly and northwesterly, bringing cool and moist air from the Atlantic.
Prevailing Weather Phenomena Humid continental climate, owing to the mitigating influence of the Baltic Sea and Gulf Stream. Temperatures in winter are much higher than the far northern location might suggest, with the average in January and February around −5 °C (23 °F). Temperatures below −20 °C (−4 °F) occur normally a week or two in a year. The average maximum temperature from June to August is around 19 to 21 °C (66 to 70 °F). Due to the marine effect, especially in the summer daily temperatures are cooler and night temperatures are higher than further away in the mainland. The highest temperature ever recorded at city centre was 34.0 °C (93.2 °F) on 28 July 2010 The lowest temperature ever recorded was −34.3 °C (−30 °F) on 10 January 1987.
Approach Minimums ILS RWY 04L350 (203)550M ILS RWY 04R360 (200)550M ILS RWY 15370 (200)550M ILS RWY 22L370 (200)550M ILS RWY 22R380 (200)550M VOR RWY 04L660 (530)1700M VOR RWY 15620 (460)1400M VOR RWY 33580 (430)1600M NDB RWY 22L620 (480)1500M
Available Sources of Weather Information HELSINKI-VANTAA / H24 SOURCES PROVIDED/TWR ATIS / YES NAVTECH NWS WMO