3 PMDA KEY OBJECTIVEEarly Warnings of hazards due to Meteorological, Hydrological & Geophysical Phenomena such as Tropical Cyclones, Heavy Rains, Floods & Tsunamies etc.
4 The Early WarningPMDThe provision of timely & effective information through identified institutions, that demands individuals exposed to hazard to take action to avoid or reduce their risk and prepare for effective response
5 Components of Early Warning System PMDRisk KnowledgeMonitoring & Warning ServiceTools & Technologies for MonitoringCapacity to analyze info.Capacity for reliable predictionDissemination & CommunicationResponse Capacities
8 Improved Data Acquisition System An integrated observing system composed of remote-sensing, telemetric and automatic observation platforms has gradually become in shape, which are space-based, airborne and land-sited, so as to measure continuously multiple parameters of the climate system from all dimensions, with higher spatial and temporal resolution and with higher accuracies.
9 Automation of Meteorological Observing Network AstoreBalakotMuzaffarabadParachinarBannuD.I.KhanZhobSibbiCentral data archiving StationAutomatic Weather StationsKhuzdarLarkanaNawabshahJiwaniChhor
10 PMD IBD DIK RHK KHI LHR RADAR NETWORK OF PMD 5 cm radar at Islamabad 10 cm radar at FFD LahoreArea covered by Doppler radar at LahoreLHR
11 WEATHER & PRECIPITATION MONITORING USING THE EARTH SATELLITES PMD is maintaining satellite ground stations (HRPT, DVB, SADIS) at Islamabad, Quetta and Karachi.
14 Adoption of New tools and technologies for effective Role
15 NWP Facilities PMD High Speed Server Client internet datasets in any format supported by WMO FormatsPMD High Speed Serverperforms analysis operationssupports extended request types for analysis, uploadGrADS dataGRIB datamanages sessions, translates dataset namesNetCDF dataetc..internetResult cacheholds temporary data (uploaded, generated by a previous operation, or transferred directly from another server) for use in remote analysisclient librariesGrADSMatlabIDLetc..data appears to client as local file, in a standard format (i.e, NetCDF, etc.)Clientdata and requestsEncapsulated Analysis Requests
16 Meteorological service for Hazard Mitigation Flood WarningsCyclone WarningsDrought MonitoringFisheries/Marine SafetyMeteorological InformationFlash flood monitoringHeat Wave /Cold Wave PredictionFog /Rain prediction for road safetyEnergyEconomic sectors may get specialized meteorological services to acquire benefits and avoid or reduce economic losses.Water resource managementAgrometAdvisories
17 LINKAGE TO OTHER MINISTRIES PMDAVIATION METEOROLOGICALSERVICESMINISTRY OF DEFENCEFLOOD FORECASTING SERVICESMINISTRY OF WATER &POWERAGROMETEOROLOGICAL SERVICESMINISTRY OF AGRICULTURENEW MOON PREDICTION &ASTRONOMICAL DATA ANALYSISMINISTRY OF RELIGIOUSAFFAIRSR & D & RENEWABLE ENERGYRESOURCESMINISTRY OF SCIENCE& TECHNOLOGYFORECASTING & CLIMATOLOGYPLANNING DIVISION &DISASTER MITIGATIONORGANIZATIONS
18 Ministry of Water & Water D.O. No. F /FAMMinistry of Water & WaterFederal Flood Commission,Riaz Ahmad Islamabad theChairmanDear Doctor SahibI feel honoured to acknowledge the accuracy of Meteorological Department’s recent flood forecast during August, 1997 record rainfall. Early warnings and consequent pre-releases from Mangla Dam saved the country from flood damages of the tune of approximately 5 billion rupees.With best regards,sd/ (RIAZ AHMAD)
19 D.O. No. F /FAMMinistry of Food, Agriculture & LivestockGovernment of Pakistan,Mian Abdul Sattar Laleka Islamabad theMinisterMy Dear General SahibI feel pleasure in informing you that this year the countryhas been able to save about Rs crores on account of pesticides sprayed on cotton crops, because of the precise and timely weather forecast / advisories of Met. Office.I have already briefed the Prime Minister about this overwhelming success.With best regards,Yours sincerely(Abdul Sattar Laleka)
20 National Power Control Centre Water & Power Development AuthorityNational Power Control CentreNo.CENPCC/ Islamabad theDirector General,Meteorological DepartmentH-8/2, IslamabadSubject: IMPORTANCE OF WEATHER REPORTS FOR LOAD FORECAST.Thanking you for the proposal attention to our requests. It will be appreciate to explain that daily weather reports help this centre in accurate Load Forecasts for the day. Based on Load Forecasts demand is placed on IPP’s thermal units.On WAPDA saved Rs.12.3 million for not demanding HUBCO unit, as your report had a forecast of Rain at Lahore, which proved correct.Concerned with weather of each city related to Load in turn, the undersigned shall be grateful if you supply us every minute weather details.(HABIB ULLAH)Chief Engineer NPCC
23 Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre (TCWC) KarachiPMDPMD has recently establishment a Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre (TCWC) at Karachi with a backup support at its main forecasting office Islamabad.
24 Tracking of TCPMDPMD made use of various tools and techniques in order to better predict the behaviour of the system (deep depression) especially prediction of track.Climatology (data, history, precedents)The synoptic situationUpper air pressure profile (Isohypse and Isallohypse at different heights)Upper air wind profileSatellite imagery/productsModel outputs and Analysis of other regional and global centers, and etc.
25 PMD (Global Maritime Distress & Safety System (GMDSS) PMD AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY UNDER GMDSSAS PER WMO CHARTER
27 Information dissiminated regarding Cyclone 03B First BulletinJune 22, 2007 at 1300 PSTSindh:A strong Monsoon weather system (deep depression) over India is likely to approach Sindh coast in next hours. Widespread, heavy to very heavy rainfall is likely in Sindh especially in Southern Sindh and coastal areas including Karachi. Sea conditions will be extremely rough along Sindh coast. Fishermen are advised to stop fishing activities from 24th afternoon till 27th afternoon. Irrigation authorities may reduce the canal discharges.Balochistan:Later the Monsoon weather system is expected to move towards Balochistan coast. It may produce heavy to very heavy rainfall in Balochistan especially in coastal areas including Gawadar, Jiwani, Pasni, Ormara, Lasbella etc. Hilly areas especially in Southern Balochistan may experience flash floods. Due to very rough sea conditions, fishermen are advised not to venture into the Sea from June, 2007.Special Bulletins were regularly issued on subsequent development and movement of the tropical cyclone until its dissipation on June 26, 2007.
28 PMDJune 260300 PSTUPDATE: Weather Advisory No.5 for Sindh / Balochistan (Tropical Cyclone Warning)Tropical Cyclone 03B (YEMYIN) now lies at about 100 km* from Karachi and likely to move in a North-Westerly direction in the next 6-12 hours and likely to intensify further and cross Balochistan coast in the evening of 26th June 2007 between 62.0° E 65.5° ETropical cyclone is likely to cause widespread destruction and coastal flooding along Balochistan coast due to extremely heavy rainfall, gale winds and associated storm surge. Evacuation from coastal towns of Balochistan is highly recommended.
29 First Track Forecast By PMD Observed Track Modified Track Forecast By PMDTracking info for Tropical Cyclone 03BTime Lat/ Lon Wind(mph) Storm type06 GMT 06/25/ N 67.3E Tropical Storm12 GMT 06/25/ N 66.4E Tropical Storm18 GMT 06/25/ N 66.3E Tropical Storm00 GMT 06/26/ N 65.2E Tropical Storm06 GMT 06/26/ N 64.2E Tropical Storm12 GMT 06/26/ N 63.0E Tropical Storm18 GMT 06/26/ N 62.6E Tropical DepressionPasni
31 TROPICAL CYCLONE-02A (GONU) WATCH ADVISORY NO:02 This morning Tropical Cyclone 02-A (GONU) moves towards Coast of Oman. It is likely to continue to move in northwesterly direction, during next 12 hours, towards Coast of Oman.Presently none of land areas of Pakistan is under threat. However, the sea conditions are likely to become very rough. Fishermen are advised not to venture into the open sea beyond 20 km from Sindh Cast during next 36 hours. Fishermen of Balochistan coast especially of Gawadar and Jiwani coastal areas are advised to suspend their fishing activities from Tuesday morningDate : 04/06/2007Time: 2000 PST
33 Early Warning Information Dissemination Flow-chart PMDEarly Warning Information Dissemination Flow-chartNDMAPMDPDMADDMATMAUCsCommunitiesFederal Ministries / Departments / Armed ForcesElectronic & Print Media
35 HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL SERVICES AND FLOOD FORECASTING PMDFlood Forecasting Division (FFD) Lahore is a specialized unit of PMD for this purpose.Responsibilitiesi. Flood Forecastingii. River stream flow forecastingiii. Water Management at Dams specially during Monsoon
36 Flood Forecasting System PMD10-cm Doppler Radar at (FFD) LahoreQPM Radar at SialkotNationwide Network of Weather Surveillance Radars.Satellite Ground StationComputer ModelsMeteorological Analysis Centre
37 PMDREMOTE SENSINGREMOTE SENSING of the rainfall amounts from upper catchments of rivers as input data to the rainfall-runoff models is done throughSatelliteRadar
100 PMD Drought/Environment Monitoring & Early Warning Centre Project ComponentsNational Centre for Drought/ Environment MonitoringRegional Drought CentreAdditional data generation Resources in this projectAWS in Sindh &Balochistan 40Rain-guage stations 500Soil Moisture & Under GroundWater situation Monitoring
101 OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT PMDOBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECTServe as a hub for the collection, consolidation and analysis of drought related data from all possible sources in the countryPrepare and issue weekly drought monitors & moisture stresses in different regions of country based on various indices.Advising government agencies on drought related matters including drought declaration.Conduct research in drought related issues and develop statistical models for improved drought prediction.
102 PMD The Data acquisition Item Quantity Target Area AWS with Soil Moisture Sensors40Southern half of countrySelf Recording Rain Gauges38Catchment areas of DamsOrdinary Rain Gauges500Remote Sensing & GIS1Whole Country
103 Drought Monitoring & Early Warning PMDPresent ProcedureForDrought Monitoring & Early Warning
104 PMD Drought Advisories Drought advisories are prepared using; SPI calculated from point rainfall dataWater availability in reservoirsSoil Moisture data where availableETo dataRiver & Stream Flow DataField reports
107 Drought Conditions as on November, 2004 Balochistan Scenario PMDAreas of Western Balochistan under Severe DroughtSix districts of western Balochistan have been affected by Severe Drought. Population statistics depicts that 1.3 million people are drought affecties at present.
108 PMD Current Scenario Conclusion Drought is still around - we will be again in stress period like in 2004 if:we did not receive winter rains we should be ready for response/ reliefIndications are already there.
109 PMD We may Reduce Impacts By: Recommendations Understanding Dangers and RisksIntegrate, Simplify & Expedite ProcessesDisseminate Warnings to vulnerablesDecide & Act on Latest Assessments