Presentation on theme: "World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water WMO Regional Cooperation Programme for Strengthening of Meteorological,"— Presentation transcript:
1 World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water WMORegional Cooperation Programme for Strengthening of Meteorological, Hydrological and Climate Services to support Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in South East AsiaMaryam Golnaraghi, PhDChief of Disaster Risk ReductionMr. Kuniyuki ShidaPrograme manager, Regional Office for Asia and Pacific30 April 20121
2 Southeast Asia (Vietnam, Lao, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand) - 1980-2007 85 % of events24 % of casualties75 % of economic lossesare related to hydro-meteorological hazards and conditions.IMPACT ALL SOCIO-ECONOMIC SECTORS
3 Expected impacts of climate change in South East Asia – IPCC 4th assessment report Increased rainfall intensity, particularly during the summer monsoon, along with increase of inter-annual variabilityincreased exposure to extreme events, including forest fire risk, typhoons and tropical storms, floods and landslides, heat waves and droughts and severe vector-borne diseases.Frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones originating in the Pacific and other extreme weather events associated with El-Niño have increased over the last decades in the region.Projected sea-level rise could flood and affect the livelihoods of millions of people in low lying areas of Southeast Asia.Major impacts are expected on water supply and agriculture, and heavily populated coastal and lowland areas of South East Asia
4 Transboundary water issues in South East Asia Mekong river basin is shared between South East Asian countries, triggering conflicts over water resources management issuesMajor issues related to integrated water resources management of these basins include:Agriculture, fisheries and food securityRiver flooding and droughtHydroelectricityWater supply, water quality and healthTransportationClimate change impact: increased flooding risks during wet season and an increased possibility of water shortage in dry season.Climate change could exacerbate conflicts or be an opportunity to find shared solutions to common challenges
5 Comprehensive DRR Framework and National Meteorological and Hydrological Services Governance and Institutional Framework(Multi-sector, Multi-level, Multi-Hazard)Risk AssessmentRisk ReductionRisk Financing and Risk Transfer4PREPAREDNESS: early warning systems emergency planningPREVENTION and MITIGATION: Sectoral Risk Management Medium to long term planning (e.g. zoning, infrastructure, agriculture…)Hazard databasesHazard statisticsClimate forecasting and trend analysisExposed assets & vulnerabilityRisk analysis tools12Gov Investments, trust funds, etc.CAT insurance & bondsWeather-indexed insurance and derivativesOther emerging productsDisaster risk management strategies, as detailed in the HFA, can be framed under three main areas: Risk Identification, Risk Reduction and Risk Transfer. HFA stresses that successful disaster risk management should be supported by effective governance, legislation, legal frameworks and institutional capacities at national to local levels supplemented by effective information and knowledge sharing mechanisms among different stakeholders.3Information and Knowledge Sharing Education and training5
6 World Bank, ISDR, WMO initiative in South East Asia Launched in 2009:Goal: to strengthen institutional cooperation and coordination in:Risk Management Capacities and early warning systemsHydro meteorological servicesLaoVietnamCambodiaPhilippinesIndonesiaPhase I: Fact finding assessment and development of national and regional reports (Funded by the World bank- GFDRR)(nearly completed and under review)Regional cooperation framework being developedby WMO and partners
7 WMO Overall Cross-cutting Approach Leveraging expertise, resources and capacities of beneficiary and other supporting countries, WMO Technical Programmes and Expert Networks, WMO global and regional operational centers and other UN, international and regional partners to support capacity development projects
8 Regional Cooperation Project Concept for Strengthening of Meteorological, Hydrological and Climate Services to support Disaster Risk Reduction and Adaptation in South East Asia
9 National DRR Governance and Institutional Frameworks 1Other National Technical and Sectoral Implementing Partners involved in EWSHydrological ServiceOcean ServicesHealth ServicesSpace AgencyOther...National EWS UsersSectors:TransportationHealthFood & AgricultureWater Management & SafetyCoastal Zone ManagementEtc…National Governance and Policy MakersLocal GovernmentsDisaster Risk Management AgenciesGeneral PublicMediaPrivate SectorNon Governmental Organizations (NGOs)26SOPsAgreements (MoU’s, etc.)National Meteorological ServicesCore operational componentsDRR Products & ServicesObservations and monitoringOperational Nowcasting, Forecasting and other AnalysisData & AnalysisWarnings, forecasts and other value-add productsTechnical Advisory ServicesTelecommunication Infrastructure and dissemination to UsersHuman Resource Development & TrainingData Management SystemsETC…3Service DeliveryNational54SOPsAgreements (MoU’s, etc.)Requirements & FeedbackQuality Management Systems (QMS)7GTS, WISSOPs1Regional DRR Governance and Institutional FrameworksGlobal & Regional Specialized Meteorological & Climate Centers (RSMCs and RCCs) and Space AgenciesRegional
10 Climate and Disaster Risk Managment National/regional/global Cooperation Framework for strengthening of Meteorological/hydrological and climate servicesNational aspects (Governance, Institutional, etc)Regional aspectsInternational aspectsClimate and Disaster Risk ManagmentUSERs: Disaster Risk Management, Agriculture, Water Resource Management, Infrastructure, Urban development, Health, transportation, Insurance, etcProducts and Service DeliveryCapacity BuildingForecasting and analysis toolsObservations and dataResearch and modeling
11 Leveraging the WMO Global Network operated by the WMO Members and over 50 regional and global centres, 30 Regional training centres, and over 10 Virtual space centersCanadian Meteorological Service plays a critical role189 Members
12 Need to link to Regional Development in DRR ASEAN and ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response (AADMER)4th Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, October 2010, Songdo, Republic of Korea,“Incheon Regional Roadmap on DRR through CCA in Asia and the Pacific” (Incheon REMAP)Incheon Declaration on Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia and the Pacific 2010ASEAN AADMER Work Program ( )
13 Overall Expected Outcomes Increased coordination and cooperation at national and regional levels for provision of meteorological, hydrological, and climate information to the targeted socio-economic sectorsIncreased utilization of meteorological, hydrological, and climate knowledge in the decision-making processes of governments and targeted socio-economic sectors
14 This will be achieved through strengthened cooperation and capacity development for: Socio-economic stakeholder Needs and Requirements for Products and Services: Increased understanding of the needs and requirements of socio-economic target sectors for meteorological, hydrological and climate products and servicesTechnical Services:Hydrological services: Increased access to national and regional flood management information systemsClimate Services: Increased access to climate analysis tools, and climate forecast products and servicesSevere Weather and Marine Services: Increased access to forecasting tools and severe weather ( also including tropical cyclones and related storm surges) warning servicesObserving Systems and data services: Increased regional dialogue and agreements for the exchange of meteorological, hydrological and climate data (space and terrestrial) and related regional products and services
15 Target Beneficiaries Beneficiary Countries Target Areas: Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Lao and ThailandTarget Areas:National Risk Management governance and institutional capacitiesHydro meteorological servicesFinance and planning, energy, agriculture, water resource management and the environment sectorsFlood, climate and severe weatherData sharingRegional Operational Centers supporting the region
16 Implementing partners and leveraging coordination mechanisms Aligned and in cooperation with ASEAN (AADMER) and UN-ESCAP DRR and CCA related mechanismsNational: Ministeries and agencies involved with hydro-met, DRM, and economic sectors, other EWS stakeholdersRegional: WMO Regional associations for Asia and Pacific, Mekong River Commission, Typhoon and Tropical Cyclone Committees, Typhoon Center (Tokyo), WMO Tropical Cyclone Center-New Delhi, WMO Regional Climate Centers, WMO Training Centres (Beijing, Nanjing, the Philippines) RIMES, ADPC, Asian Development Bank, etc.International: WMO, World Bank, UN-ISDR, UNDP (IFRC, OCHA and other agencies will be will be invited as relevant)Other countries to engage invite Hydro-met and bi-lateral donors: Australia, Canada, China. Finland, France, HK, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, USA, etc.
17 WMO Programmes involved Lead: WMO Disaster Risk Reduction and Development and Regional Activities DepartmentOther implementing ProgrammesHydrology and Water Resources ProgrammeWMO Climate ProgrammeAgricultural Meteorology ProgrammeData Processing and Forecasting ProgrammeWMO Information System and Global Telecommunication SystemWMO Integrated Global Observation System Programme (including Satellite Programme)
18 Activities: Socio-economic Stakeholder Needs and Requirements National and regional stakeholder consultations and sectoral needs assessments (e.g., EWS and socio-economic sectoral planning)National and regional assessments of hydro-meteorological and climate networksMapping of existing intra-national partnerships (bi- and multi-lateral agreements) among NMHS and the sectors)Mapping of (bi- and multi-lateral agreements) among countries within the region and with the regional centers pertaining to exchange of data, expertise and various meteolrogical, hydrological and climate informationDevelopment of regional technical work plan engaging beneficiaries and regional centers for strengthening of meteolrogical, hydrological and climate services and data exchange in the region.
19 Activities: Hydrological services Coordination forums and technical consultation on latest flood modeling and risk management toolsIdentification of data requirements (space and terrestrial), gaps and needs for hydrological and flood modelling and toolsTraining on principals of Integrated Flood Management policy, coordination and technical implementation aspectsDevelopment of regional flood management information systemsTraining and in-country technical support
20 Activities: Climate Services Establishment of Regional Climate Outlook Forum and Multi-Sectoral Climate User forumsRescue (digitization) and quality assurance of historical climate data, meta data and development of data management systemsDevelopment of regional climate analysis tolls and information products and services provided by the WMO Regional Climate Centers (China, Japan) and related trainings for beneficiary countriesIn country technical support for utilization of climate analysis tools and regional products and services
21 Activities: Severe Weather Services Development of Regional Severe Weather Forecast Support Portal based on best tools in Numerical Weather Prediction, space and radar data and diagnosticsTraining and in-country support for utilization of the regional Severe Weather Forecast Support Portal
22 Activities: Observing Systems and Data Services Scoping workshops with Space and terrestrial data providers to review the data requirements for provision of Hydrological, severe weather and marine and climate services, and develop work plan to address gaps, and needsDesign and development of regional space and radar data products and servicesRegional Training and technical support (to the regional centers and in-country) for utilization of regional data productsHigh-level meetings on space and terrestrial data exchange policies in the region related to meteorological, hydrological and climate dataFacilitation of enhanced data exchange from beneficiary countries to the Regional Operational Centers and vice versaDesign of sub-regional integrated Observing network building on the current Network and future data requirements
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