Presentation on theme: "Aviation Space Weather: International Activities"— Presentation transcript:
1Aviation Space Weather: International Activities Mike StillsUnited AirlinesBill MurtaghTerry OnsagerJoe KunchesNOAA Space Weather Prediction Center
2Outline Cross Polar Working Group Space Weather in the UN International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)Space Weather Plans in the UN World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
328TH JULY 2009, UNITED COMPLETED IT’S 10,000th POLAR OPERATION - UA 898 ZBAA-KIAD CURRENT TOTAL 10,816
4FLIGHT 829 ORD-HKG POLAR 3 316 PSGRS AND 5000 lbs CARGO (14:32) ECONOMIC COMPARISON OF NON-STOP OPTIONS (MARCH 2006)FLIGHT 829 ORD-HKG POLAR PSGRS AND 5000 lbs CARGO (14:32)FLIGHT 829 ORD-HKG RUSSIA 246 PSGRS AND NO CARGO (15:41)FLIGHT 829 ORD-HKG NOPAC NO PSGRS OR CARGO (17:18)
5United AirlinesDURING ADVERSE SOLAR ACTIVITY, UAL POLICY RESTRICTS FLIGHTS TO SPECIFIC ROUTES AND ALTITUDES UAL POLICY IN PART, IS DERIVED FROM AND BASED ON THE NOAA SPACE WEATHER SCALES
6United AirlinesA DECADE AGO THERE WAS NO NEED OR REQUIREMENT TO TAKE SPACE WEATHER INTO OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATION. TODAY, UNITED CLOSELY MONITORS SPACE WEATHER AND IS CONSTANTLY ENHANCING PROCEDURES TO MEET CRITERIA THAT RECENT RESEARCH AND DATA MANDATE.
7Aviation Space Weather User Service Needs Cross Polar Working Group – Representative AreasAir Traffic Management (Air Navigation Service Providers, Operations)Canada, China, Iceland, Russia, USAInternational Air Transport Association (IATA) (Regulatory & Safety)International Business Aviation Council (IBAC) (Operations)FAA (Regulatory & Safety)Airlines (Operations)Dispatchers, Managers
8“Aviation Space Weather User Service Needs” Integrating Space Weather Observations & Forecasts into Aviation Operations“Aviation Space Weather User Service Needs”(Draft version 2)Integrating Space WeatherObservations & Forecasts into Aviation Operations“Aviation Space Weather User Requirements”Space Weather Sub-Groupof the Cross Polar Working GroupApril 2009Space Weather Sub-GroupDr David BotelerSenior Research ScientistNRCan, Ottawa, CanadaCaptain Bryn JonesOperations (pilot) & ScientistSolarMetrics, Guildford, UKJoseph KunchesSpace Scientist, Research & Customer Requirements SectionNOAA SWPC, Boulder, Colorado, USAWilliam MurtaghSpace Scientist, Program CoordinatorMike StillsOperations (dispatch) United Airlines, International Dispatch ManagerUAL World Headquarters, Chicago, Illinois, USAAdditional MembersGenene Fisher (AMS)Dave Rome* (NAV CANADA)Dave Rose (NAV CANADA)* Retired in December 2008
9Aviation Space Weather User Service Needs 7 days3 days30 hours12 hours6 hours0 Dispatch→ForecastXWarningAlertUpdateParameter ChangesPost-Event AnalysisAdditionallyConfidence LevelsCurrent Condition Reports
10Aviation Space Weather User Service Needs CPWG Timeline (Hopefully!!)CPWG/9 meeting WP: Apr 2010Endorsed: CPWG/10 meeting Dec 2010Published: Dec tbcFAA – ICAO Timeline (Hopefully!!)Present at ICAO meeting: 15 Mar 2010Next ICAO meeting: Sep 2011Ready as ICAO Amendment: Mar 2011Endorsed by ICAO: 2013/14Officially implemented into ICAO: 2016Integrating Space WeatherObservations & Forecasts intoAviation Operations“Aviation Space Weather User Service Needs”Space Weather Sub-Groupof the Cross Polar Working GroupApril 2010
11International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) The International Civil Aviation Organization, a UNSpecialized Agency, is the global forum for civilaviation.ICAO works to achieve safe, secure and sustainabledevelopment of civil aviation through cooperationamongst its member States.The ICAO Council adopts standards and recommendedpractices concerning air navigation.
12Space Weather in the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) International Civil Aviation Organization Divisional Meeting (2002)- Space weather recognized as a hazard to aviation.Two significant operational issues in international air navigationrequire the ICAO to address space weather:Significant increase in polar operationsIncreased use of GNSS for navigationThese issues were brought to the ICAO Air NavigationCommission (ANC). ANC suggested that space weather beaddressed by the International Airways Volcano Watch OperationsGroup (IAVWOPSG).
13Space Weather in the International Civil Aviation Organization At the 3rd meeting of the IAVWOPSG in Bangkok, March2007, the U.S. was invited to prepare a proposal on how toaddress issues related to space weather storms.4th meeting of IAVWOPSGParis – Sep 2008In response to this request the U.S. proposed to develop a manual and training material to educate dispatchers, pilots and controllers on space weather.NOAA SWPC agreed to lead effort to prepare the guidance document (team includes: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand)
14Space Weather in the International Civil Aviation Organization At the 5th meeting of the IAVWOPSG in Peru, March2010, the U.S. presented the “Manual on Space WeatherEffects in Regard to International Air Navigation”Working Paper presented on the “Developmentof Operational Requirements for Space Weather Information”Group formed to address space weather requirements that includes: Argentina, Australia, Canada, France, New Zealand, United Kingdom, United States (Rapporteur), IATA, IFALPA and IFATCA, in consultation with ICAO and WMO.Develop draft operational requirements for space weather, including draft guidancematerial (on use of products), as necessary.Prepare a report with milestones for the development and roll-out of space weatherservice for international aviation, for consideration by the IAVWOPSG/6.
15FAA and ICAO FAA Aviation Weather Group tasked to develop requirements to be provided to NWS andcoordinated with ICAO.FAA Aviation Weather Group created a team todevelop Space Weather Aviation Requirements.Timeline through 2014 has been developed.
16World Meteorological Organization (WMO) WMO is the specialized agency of the United Nations for meteorology (weather and climate), operational hydrology and related geophysical sciences.WMO has 188 Members (States and Territories).Fosters international cooperationFacilitates free and unrestricted exchange of information
17Space Weather in the World Meteorological Organization WMO – “UN system's authoritative voice on the state and behavior of the Earth's atmosphere”…extends now to the space environment!Members lobbied WMO to engage space weather11 June 2007: ISES letter to WMONWS International Activities OfficeU.S lead for introduction of space weather in WMOWMO is being asked to consider a role similar to what WMO has for Tsunamis and Volcanic Ash warnings -- operational coordination and delivery of space weather data and products, warnings and to provide a forum to discuss in coordination with Space, Telecom, Energy, etc. agencies. WMO could serve to set standards for collection, calibrate instruments, establish service and delivery mechanisms.WMO was approached by the International Council for Science (ICSU), CMA and -- more recently -- was encouraged by the European Space Agency (ESA) to consider this role. National entities involved in Space Weather (China, Russia, Europe) told ICSU/ISES and WMO that a need exists for coordination of space weather sensors, data and products.
18Space Weather in the World Meteorological Organization From the 60th Session of the WMO Executive Council in Geneva, June 2008“In view of the considerable impact of Space Weather on meteorological infrastructure and on a growing number of human activities...the Council fully endorsed the principle of WMO activities in support of international coordination in Space Weather.”Several WMO Members including Australia, China, Finland, the Russian Federation and the United States have placed Space Weather under the responsibility of their National Meteorology ServicesSpace Weather is a matter of importance for several agencies in the UN:International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)International Telecommunications Union (ITU)International Maritime Organization (IMO)UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space (UN – COPUOS
19Space Weather in the World Meteorological Organization June 08: Executive Council (EC-LX) endorsed principle of WMO activities in support of SW with focus on:Harmonizing observationsExchange of data and productsDefinition of products, warning proceduresLinkage between research and operational communitiesCalled for secondments, trust fund donations (no regular budget)Cooperation with ICAO, IMO, ITU, ISES, OOSA/COPUOSTasks CBS (Commission on Basic Systems) and CAeM (Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology) to develop programIMO – International Maritime OrganizationISES – International Space Environment Service ITU – International Telecommunication Union OOSA/COPUOS – U.N. Office of Outer Space Affairs/Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer SpaceThe World Weather Watch (WWW), the core of the WMO Programmes, combines observing systems, telecommunication facilities, and data-processing and forecasting centres - operated by Members - to make available meteorological and related geophysical information needed to provide efficient services in all countries.
20Space Weather in the World Meteorological Organization April 09: CBS agreed to Terms of Reference of Inter-program Coordination Team on Space Weather (ICTSW) with CBS-CAeM co-leadershipEndorsed in June 09 by Executive Council (EC-LXI)Sept 09: Circular letter to ICAO, IMO, ITU, ISES, ESA, OOSAInformed on ICTSW, proposed participation, invited POCOct 09: Circular letter to all (188) WMO Members:Informed on ICTSW and list of ISES Warning CentresInterest ? Point of contact ? Contribution? Participation in ICTSW
21WMO Space Weather Office Dr. Barbara Ryan, Director, WMO Space Program The WMO Space Program (Barbara Ryan and Jerome Lafeuille) is working to establish a Space Weather Office within the WMOEffort is on going to identify staff, trust-fund contributions, points of contact, and experts from the member statesExpected FunctionsSupport establishment and work of ICTSWParticipate in relevant meetings (particularly on international coordination and transition to operations)CommunicationReport to Members, CBS/CAeM, partnersMaintain websiteIdentify partnership and development opportunitiesLiaise with partner organizationsConsult major users, needs and expectationsMobilize resources, prepare proposal for WMO Congress 2011Support establishment and work of ICTSWHelp defining membership, Convene initial meetingFacilitate adoption of initial work plan, Track actionsParticipate in relevant meetings (particularly on international coordination and transition to operations)Report on ICTSW activitiesKeep abreast of relevant developmentsCollect feedback from communityCommunicationReport to Members, CBS/CAeM, partnersMaintain websiteIdentify partnership and development opportunitiesLiaise with partner organizationsConsult major users, needs and expectationsMobilize resources, prepare proposal for WMO Congress 2011
22Summary Four critical activities being conducted in parallel Space weather requirements being established by CPWG for polar operationsFAA Aviation Weather Group tasked to develop requirements to be provided to NWS and coordinated with ICAOICAO ANC tasked IAVWOPSG to develop requirements with United States leading international effortWMO Executive Council established an inter-program coordination team to address space weather servicesFYI Background: Currently, there is NO recognized set of SWx requirements for air navigation like there are for atmospheric aviation operations. Potential SWx impacts on pilots, cabin crew and passengers have come to the forefront due to air routes being established in regions of the world where solar radiation effects are most profound.The need for such SWx requirements are addressed in segment level 2 and 3 of the JPDO IWP and the 4D Wx Functional Requirements for NextGen ATM by the JPDO Requirements Study Team (2008). SWx impacts on air navigation are global and involve current capabilities of air navigation and planned future sub-orbital air transportation operations. These NextGen requirements will be a subset of the eventual international civil aviation standardized service requirements that will be recognized by ICAO and the WMO taking ownership.Currently, the international community lack any organized SWx infrastructure to effectively address advisories and warnings similar to atmospheric weather events. But ICAO sees the volcanic community has an infrastructure in place that already provides similar needs for its respective hazardous phenomena.Therefore, ICAO has tasked the IAVWOPSG to work with the recognized oversight of SWx, the SWPC, to develop guidance and education to dispatchers and crews on the hazards associated with SWx.IN-turn, this will result in an accepted set of international SWx aviation service requirements in 2013.
23Aviation Space Weather: International Activities Questions?