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Climate Monitoring Products: Region V (Southwest Pacific) Dr. Andrew Watkins [Australia] Meeting of the CCl Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products,

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Presentation on theme: "Climate Monitoring Products: Region V (Southwest Pacific) Dr. Andrew Watkins [Australia] Meeting of the CCl Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Climate Monitoring Products: Region V (Southwest Pacific) Dr. Andrew Watkins [Australia] Meeting of the CCl Task Team on National Climate Monitoring Products, Geneva, Switzerland September 2011

2 WMO Region V: Southwest Pacific Region Australia Bureau of MeteorologyBureau of Meteorology Brunei DarussalamThe Brunei Darussalam Meteorological Service Cook Islands Cook Islands Meteorological ServiceCook Islands Meteorological Service FijiFiji Meteorological ServiceFiji Meteorological Service French Polynesia Meteo France Polynesie FrancaiseMeteo France Polynesie Francaise IndonesiaMeteorological, Climatological and Geophysical AgencyMeteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency Kiribati Kiribati Meteorological Service MalaysiaMalaysian Meteorological DepartmentMalaysian Meteorological Department Micronesia, Federated States ofFSM Weather StationFSM Weather Station New Caledonia Meteo France Nouvelle CalédonieMeteo France Nouvelle Calédonie New ZealandNew Zealand National Meteorological ServiceNew Zealand National Meteorological Service NiueNiue Meteorological ServiceNiue Meteorological Service Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea Meteorological Service Philippines Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services AdministrationPhilippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration Samoa Samoa Meteorology DivisionSamoa Meteorology Division SingaporeMeteorological Services DivisionMeteorological Services Division Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Meteorological ServiceSolomon Islands Meteorological Service Timor-Leste, Democratic Republic of Dirrecão Nacional Meteorologia e GeofisicaDirrecão Nacional Meteorologia e Geofisica Tonga Tonga Meteorological ServiceTonga Meteorological Service United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Met OfficeMet Office United States of America National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationNational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration VanuatuVanuatu Meteorological ServicesVanuatu Meteorological Services

3 WMO Region V: Southwest Pacific Region Broad range of capabilities and skills Larger agencies with established climate services sections (e.g., Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, New Caledonia, US (Hawaii)) Larger agencies with developing climate services (Indonesia, Philippines) Small agencies with established climate services (Vanuatu, Kiribati, Niue) Small agencies with limited climate services (Cook Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu)

4 WMO Region V: Southwest Pacific Region Region highly affected by ENSO This results in large interannual variability in : Tropical Cyclones Drought Flood Heatwaves Cold snaps Sea Level Also affected by seismic activity and hence Tsunami

5 WMO Region V: Southwest Pacific Region Monitoring and Prediction Projects Pacific Island Climate Prediction Project (PI-CPP) and Seasonal Outlook Reference Material – supported by Australia Island Climate Update (ICU) – supported by New Zealand Data Rescue Finding and rescuing historical digitised and undigitised data; collection, archiving, digitising, quality control – supported by Australia, New Zealand Tropical Cyclone Monitoring projects Sea Level Monitoring projects Cook Islands climate staff

6 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products Australia – Base Timeseries and data available for times: Annual monthly seasonal tropical wet season And regions: national states main regions And variables: Rainfall Temperature Sea surface temperature Density of Highs and Lows

7 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products Australia Climate Extremes 30 extreme temperature and rainfall indices used here are based on those defined by the WMO Expert Team on Climate Change Detection Monitoring and Indices These are calculated using Fortran based on FClimDex software available at: CCDI/software.shtml

8 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products Australia Mapped products Rainfall Temperature Vapour Pressure (humidity) Solar Exposure Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI)

9 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products Australia Text Based Monitoring Products Variety of products issued weekly, monthly, seasonally and annually

10 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products New Zealand Mix of public and internal monitoring products National “7-station” timeseries: “… temperature records from a number of local sites have been merged together to form a long time series. When merging different temperature records like this, it is necessary to adjust for climatic differences from place-to-place, or even changes in exposure or instrumentation at the same site. If no adjustments are made, significant biases could be introduced. For example, the longest record in the country comes from Dunedin, with climate readings taken at six sites throughout its history. “

11 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products New Zealand Internally: (Monthly, seasonal) mean temperature anomaly for 6 forecast regions of New Zealand (Monthly, seasonal) rainfall % anomaly for 6 forecast regions of New Zealand (Monthly) New Zealand- region sea surface temperature anomaly (internally) (Daily) Pasture Growth Index – Nationally, North Island, South Island, Major Dairy and Beef areas (internally)

12 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products New Zealand  ( Daily) Virtual Climate Station Network (VCSN) data, gridded over New Zealand at 5km x 5km resolution. Contains 0900 data: MSLP, PET, 24-hour rainfall total, RH, soil moisture level, 10cm Earth Temperature, Radiation, maximum temperature, minimum temperature, vapour pressure and daily-average wind speed. These data are available online from and details have been published in Tait et al, 2006.http://cliflo.niwa.co.nz  Can created monthly totals/averages, but stations only

13 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products FIJI – use Annual Summary  Highlights  National and station rainfall totals, percentages of normal and anomalies  Sea surface temperature anomalies  Mean national temperature and anomalies  Extremes Monthly Summary:  site based observations  rainfall totals and raindays, percentage of normal and anomalies  temperatures – mean and anoms

14 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products New Caledonia Monthly Summary:  site based observations  rainfall totals and raindays, percentage of normal and anomalies  temperatures – mean and anoms ulletin

15 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products Malaysia Drought summaries Station totals and anomalies Extremes Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) August 2011 June – August 2011

16 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products Indonesia Monthly Rainfall percentages and anomalies Expanding climate service Enthusiastic, diverse team keen to learn and develop a full climate service

17 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products NIUE Highest density national monitoring network in Region V Arguably most accurate national monitoring products in Region V 1400(?) PEOPLE 1 (one) AWS

18 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products Projects assisting with climate monitoring data in the South Pacific: Pacific Island - Global Climate observing System PI-GCOS: Pacific Island – Climate Prediction Project PI-CPP i-cpp/ i-cpp/

19 WMO Region V: Monitoring Products Summary: Very broad range of capacity, skills and data availablity and quality Capacity building still taking place A lot of recent work and initiatives in the South Pacific; prediction, monitoring and data rescue Concerns about sea level, particularly in South Pacific nations Tide Gauge, Funafuti, Tuvalu

20 Andrew Watkins Thank you…


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