Presentation on theme: "World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water Strengthening Regional Cooperation in Early Warning Systems: Meteorological,"— Presentation transcript:
World Meteorological Organization Working together in weather, climate and water Strengthening Regional Cooperation in Early Warning Systems: Meteorological, Hydrological, Marine/Ocean Related Hazards Dr. Michel Rosengaus M. On behalf of WMO II Session Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in the Americas Nuevo Vallarta, Nayarit, Mexico, March 15-17, WMO
Background What is the WMO? The World Meteorological Organization is a technical, specialized organism of the United Nations, in charge of Meteorology, Water and Climate. It has 188 members (states and territories), which are usually represented by their National Meteorological and Hydrological Services Why should de DRR community be interested in the WMO and its members (the NMHS’s)? Besides the obvious reasons (hydromet hazards tracking, analysis and forecasting), because, at the global and regional levels, it provides an operational framework on which sustainable EWS’s can be built; many of its members have longer than 100 years of non-stop operation.
Background In some sense, the WMO as a whole, has the architecture of a Global EWS, and its 6 Regional Associations, of Regional EWS: Example 1: Global Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) availability to everyone is organized by WMO Example 2: (Almost) Global Satellite Image coverage and availability to everyone is organized by WMO Example 3: Regional Specialized Meteorological Centers (as is the National Hurricane Center in Miami) in it’s international duties are coordinated by the WMO Example 4: IPCC main office is inside the WMO building in Geneve, Switzerland
Early Warning Systems Require Coordination Across Many Levels and Agencies National to local disaster risk reduction plans, legislation and coordination mechanisms
WMO Complex interactions required Meteorological, Hydrological, Marine and Climate Services Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRR & DRM) (may be different agencies) (Civil Defense/Protection and probably others) Analysis, Forecasts, Data Vulnerability, Exposure, Requirements The hazard monitoring box The response box Two boxes usually belong to different Ministries
WMO Complex interactions required (the original world) Global The hazard box The response box Regional National State/Province Municipality Regional National State/Province Municipality Hydromet, Marine, Climate DRR and DRM
WMO Complex interactions happening (the new world) Global The hazard box The response box Regional National State/Province Municipality Regional National State/Province Municipality Hydromet, Marine, Climate DRR and DRM
Specific example interactions Hazard Analysis and Mapping Exposure and Vulnerability Potential Loss Estimates Heavy Precipitation and flood mapping Impacts: population density agricultural land urban grid Infrastructure Businesses Number of lives at risk $ at risk Destruction of buildings and infrastructure Reduction in crop yields Business interruption Need for historical and real time data Statistical analysis tools climate forecasts and trend analysis Need for Socio- economic impacts data and analysis tools Need for risk assessment tools combining hazard, asset and exposure information
10 Basic principles for effective Early Warning Systems 1.Political recognition of the benefits of EWS along with effective planning, legislation and budgeting 2.Effective EWS are built upon four components: (i)) hazard detection, monitoring and forecasting; (ii) analyzing risks and incorporation of risk information in emergency planning and warnings; (iii) disseminating timely and “authoritative” warnings with clarity on the responsibilities and mandate for issuance of warnings; (iv) community emergency planning and preparedness and the ability to activate emergency plans to prepare and respond 3.Roles and responsibilities of all EWS stakeholders and their collaboration mechanisms clearly defined and documented 4.Capacities aligned with resources across national to local levels (sustainability) 5.Hazard, exposure and vulnerability information are used to carry- out risk assessments at different levels
6.Clear, consistent and actionable hazard warnings, with risk information and issued from a single recognized authoritative source 7.Timely, reliable, redundant and sustainable warning dissemination mechanisms 8.Emergency response plans targeted to the individual needs of the vulnerable communities, authorities and emergency responders 9.Regular training and education programmes in risk awareness and emergency response actions 10.Effective feedback mechanisms throughout levels of the EWS for system improvement over time 10 Basic principles for effective Early Warning System (Continued)
Initiatives and pilot projects in: Central America and Mexico The Caribbean
Early Warning Systems with Multi-Hazard Approach Pilot Project – Central America Pilot Countries: –Costa Rica (World Bank Funded) –El Salvador (NOAA – USAID funded) –Mexico (Government and NOAA – USAID funded) National multi-agency cooperation (Met/Hydro/DRM) Multi-level (Regional, National, Local) Focus: Flash Flood-Riverine Flood Warning Systems Partners: WMO, NOAA-NWS, UNDP, World Bank
Goal Strengthening meteorological, hydrological and climate services at national and regional levels to support risk assessment and Multi- Hazard Early Warning Systems Focus sectors: DRM, Agriculture and Food Security, Water Resource Management, Planning and Development Sectors
Where ? Strengthened coordination and cooperation across British, French, Dutch and Spanish Speaking countries and territories Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, the Bahamas, Barbados, Bermudas, the British Caribbean Territories, the Caribbean Netherlands, Cuba, Curacao, Dominica, the Dominican Republic, the French West Indies, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint-Marteen, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago also including Beliz and Surinam
Who? Key Stakeholders in the region have been engaged National: Beneficiaries: National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) and Disaster Risk Management (DRM) Agencies and other key ministries of the beneficiary countries. Other ministries, specifically, finance and planning, agriculture, water resource management and coastal zone management Contributing Countries: USA, Finland, France, Canada, Spain, others (TBD) Regional: Regional centers and agencies of CARICOM: CDEMA, CMO and its CIMH; WMO RA IV and its DRR and Hydrology Task Teams, WMO RA IV Hurricane Committee, the WMO RSMC – Miami Hurricane Center Regional agencies and platforms: ACS, OAS, Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) International and donors : UN and International Agencies: WMO, UNDP, UNESCO-IOC, etc. Bi-lat donors and development banks: IADB, World Bank, USAID/OFDA, Canada (CIDA), Finland (MFA), Spain (ACE), Japan (JICA), others (TBD) etc.
Long-term Capacity Development (8 years) with phased project management (2-yr cycle) : Development of programmatic and technical aspects Long-term capacity development and phase-I project priorities 2011: –Phase-I (multi-component) project implementation plan and project governance –Institutional mapping and partnerships for implementation(national and regional) –Resource mobilisation strategy and coordination with the donors –Regional mechanisms for multi-stakeholder coordination, sharing progress, experiences, monitoring and evaluation 2012: Phase-I Project (multi-component) to be Launched How?
Roadmap for the project design to strengthen Caribbean Risk Assessment and MHEWS capacities Consultations, Major Milestones and Timeline Consultants’ missions in the region and assessment of all assessment and projects June – September 2010 MHEWS Training Workshop – Costa Rica March 2010 Consultation Cayman Is. November 2010 Develop overall plan, phase I project proposals, implementation plan, resource mobilizations and identification of forums for on-going regional dialogue with Members, development partners and donors MHEWS Technical Cooperation Workshop Barbados November 2010 Consultation Jamaica December 2010 MH Forecasting meeting Hurricane Committee - Cayman Islands 7 March 2011 Phase I Project Launch rr/events/MHEWSCostaRica/inde x_en.html prog/drr/events/Barbados/ index_en.html Official Regional Meeting to endorse Phase I project proposal Warning Communicati on/CAP PWS workshop - Miami March/April 2011
Outcomes to Date: Reference document produced for programme and project development … National Roster: Directors and experts from Met and Hydro services, DRM, Planning, Agriculture and food security and water resource management sector –Hydro network needs to be mapped in more details ) –Agriculture, water resource management sectors need to be mapped further Regional Roster: Regional agencies supporting DRM Mapping of assessments and projects: in the region and opportunities for leveraging Relationship of Met/Hydro/DRM agencies countries/territories mapped Identification of capacities, remaining gaps and needs not addressed through existing projects Priorities for long-term capacity development (national and regional) Priorities for phase-I project (multi-component)
Priority Hazards Overall priority hazards for both subregions: Tropical Cyclones, Storm Surge, High Waves, Flash and Riverine Flooding, Heavy Precipitation, Drought, Land/Mud Slides and Volcanic Eruption Specific hazard priories vary by country/territory based on geography, orography, seasonal patters, etc.
1) Establishment of policies, legislation and institutional arrangements with clarification of role of national meteorological and hydrological services within different arrangements - Partnerships 2) Provision of Meteorological, Hydrological and Marine and Coastal hazard databases (statistical and real-time), metadata and hazard analysis to support risk assessment 3) Service Delivery approach within the NMHS to support DRM and economic sectors –QMS and SOPs developed between NMHS and other DRM and sectoral stakeholders (institutionalizations) –Application of WMO service delivery framework 4) Strengthened operational meteorological, hydrological, marine/coastal and climate forecast products and training to support target serctors (national and regional components) 5) Coordinated Multi-Hazards early warning systems in the region Areas requiring long-term development as identified from extensive consultations
Phase-I Project Components Component 1: Policy, legislative and clarification of role and mandates of the NMHS in support of DRM Component 2: Strengthening of forecasting capacities for other priority hazards (nowcasting to longer-term) –Strengthening of regional operational products and services –Training Component 3: Warning dissemination, communication, and development of CAP Component 4: Initiation of QMS and SOPs of NMS and DRM agencies – with a service delivery approach Component 5: Pilot on (data rescue, data management) observational interoperability, data exchange and hazard analysis within the PPCR Regional Programme
Thank You For more information, please contact WMO: Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Programme World Meteorological Organization Tel Fax Presenter: Michel Rosengaus, Sc.D. Tel x3410