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Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com What is an ION and how do you make one? An atom with a positive or negative charge.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com What is an ION and how do you make one? An atom with a positive or negative charge."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com What is an ION and how do you make one? An atom with a positive or negative charge due to an unbalance of protons and electrons. Simulator

3 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Which elements are these? What do they have in common? NEON HELIUM ARGON KRYPTON Nobles Video

4 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com NOBLE GASES HAVE FULL OUTER LEVELS OF ELECTRONS (VALENCE ELECTRONS)! HELIUM NEON ARGON KRYPTON THE NOBLE GASES

5 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com What word comes to mind when you watch this video? Play ‘Leave Brittney Alone’ Video _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Definition: Not fixed or firm, inconsistent, irregular or wavering

6 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.comUNSTABLE! _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

7 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com The elements are very UNSTABLE creatures!

8 For the elements, STABILITY is happiness. This happens when they obtain a FULL OUTER LEVEL of electrons! VALENCE ELECTRONS For the elements, STABILITY is happiness. This happens when they obtain a FULL OUTER LEVEL of electrons! VALENCE ELECTRONS

9 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ESSENTIAL QUESTION Can you explain why most elements are unstable and what they do in order to get stable, giving examples?Can you explain why most elements are unstable and what they do in order to get stable, giving examples?

10 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com The Noble Gases He Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn PLAY PROMO CLIP

11 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com The Noble Gases He Ne Ar KrXe Rn

12 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com The Noble Gases He Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn

13 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com The Noble Gases He Ne Ar Kr Xe Rn

14 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com The Noble Gases HELIUMNEON KRYPTONXENON ARGON

15 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com They all want to be like the NOBLE GASES!

16 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com THE ELEMENTS WISHES I WISH I WAS STABLE.I WISH I WAS STABLE. I WISH I HAD A FULL OUTER LEVEL OF ELECTRONS.I WISH I HAD A FULL OUTER LEVEL OF ELECTRONS. I WISH I WAS LIKE THE NOBLE GASES.I WISH I WAS LIKE THE NOBLE GASES. OLD I WISH NEW I WISH

17 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com THE ELEMENTS WISHES I WISH I WAS STABLE.I WISH I WAS STABLE. I WISH I WAS FULL.I WISH I WAS FULL. I WISH I WAS A GAS.I WISH I WAS A GAS. I WISH I WAS NOBLE.I WISH I WAS NOBLE. OLD I WISH NEW I WISH

18 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.comIONS The tendency of the elements to STABILIZE by obtaining a FULL VALENCE of electrons, called the OCTET RULE.The tendency of the elements to STABILIZE by obtaining a FULL VALENCE of electrons, called the OCTET RULE. They can do this by GAINING electrons, which produces a NEGATIVE CHARGE.They can do this by GAINING electrons, which produces a NEGATIVE CHARGE. Or they can LOSE electrons, which produces a POSITIVE CHARGE.Or they can LOSE electrons, which produces a POSITIVE CHARGE. Nobles Video Simulator

19 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE IONS

20 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Fluorine stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

21 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Fluorine will stabilize by GAINING 1 ELECTRON (-1 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons NEON

22 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 IONS

23 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Oxygen stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

24 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Oxygen will stabilize by GAINING 2 Electrons (-2 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons NEON

25 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 IONS

26 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com O Oxygen Atomic # 8 Atomic Mass 16 8 Protons 8 Neutrons 8 Electrons O O 18 8 O This is how your packet should look so far! O O 18 8 O 8P 10N -2  Pick another isotope if possible. Pick another isotope if possible. Circle if it gains or loses electrons. Circle if it gains or loses electrons. Draw the charge, use yellow for negative. Draw the charge, use yellow for negative. Use a different color for added electrons. Use a different color for added electrons. 00

27 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Nitrogen stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

28 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Nitrogen will stabilize by GAINING 3 Electrons (-3 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons NEON

29 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 NITROGEN5GAIN 3-3 IONS

30 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Carbon stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

31 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Carbon will stabilize by GAINING 4 Electrons (-4 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons NEON

32 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 NITROGEN5GAIN 3-3 CARBON4GAIN 4-4 IONS

33 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Boron stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

34 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Boron stabilize by LOSING 3 Electrons (+3 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons HELIUM

35 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 NITROGEN5GAIN 3-3 CARBON4GAIN 4-4 BORON3LOSE 3+3 IONS

36 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Beryllium stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

37 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Beryllium will stabilize by LOSING 2 Electrons (+2 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons HELIUM

38 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 NITROGEN5GAIN 3-3 CARBON4GAIN 4-4 BORON3LOSE 3+3 BERYLLIUM2LOSE 2+2 IONS

39 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com This is how your packet should look so far!  Be Beryllium Atomic # 4 Atomic Mass 9 4 Protons 5 Neutrons 4 Electrons Be Be P 6N 00 Pick another isotope if possible. Pick another isotope if possible. Circle if it gains or loses electrons. Circle if it gains or loses electrons. Draw the charge, use blue for positive. Draw the charge, use blue for positive. Use an X for lost electrons. Use an X for lost electrons. X X X X

40 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Lithium stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

41 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Lithium will stabilize by LOSING 1 Electron (+1 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons HELIUM

42 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 NITROGEN5GAIN 3-3 CARBON4GAIN 4-4 BORON3LOSE 3+3 BERYLLIUM2LOSE 2+2 LITHIUM1LOSE 1+1 IONS

43 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Helium stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

44 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com NEITHER!!! Helium is already STABLE! ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

45 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 NITROGEN5GAIN 3-3 CARBON4GAIN 4-4 BORON3LOSE 3+3 BERYLLIUM2LOSE 2+2 LITHIUM1LOSE 1+1 HELIUM2NONE0 IONS

46 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Every time you get to a Noble Gas Every time you get to a Noble Gas Cross out gained or lost and write ‘NONE’ Cross out gained or lost and write ‘NONE’ Draw a happy face and label ‘Noble Gas’ Draw a happy face and label ‘Noble Gas’ Ne Neon Atomic # 10 Atomic Mass Protons 10 Neutrons 10 Electrons Ne Ne Ne This is how your packet should look so far!  Ne NONE NOBLE GAS Ne 10P 9N 10P 10N

47 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will HYDROGEN stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

48 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will HYDROGEN stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons HELIUM

49 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 NITROGEN5GAIN 3-3 CARBON4GAIN 4-4 BORON3LOSE 3+3 BERYLLIUM2LOSE 2+2 LITHIUM1LOSE 1+1 HELIUM2NONE0 HYDROGEN1GAIN 1 IONS

50 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Neon is already STABLE! ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

51 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE NEON8NONE0 FLUORINE7GAIN 1 OXYGEN6GAIN 2-2 NITROGEN5GAIN 3-3 CARBON4GAIN 4-4 BORON3LOSE 3+3 BERYLLIUM2LOSE 2+2 LITHIUM1LOSE 1+1 HELIUM2NONE0 HYDROGEN1GAIN 1 IONS Nobles Video Chemistry of Bad Breath

52 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Phosphorus stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

53 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Phosphorus will stabilize by GAINING 3 ELECTRONS (-3 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons ARGON

54 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE PHOSPHORUS5GAIN 3-3 IONS

55 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Why is GAINING Electrons a NEGATIVE CHARGE?

56 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Sodium stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

57 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Sodium will stabilize by LOSING 1 ELECTRON (+1 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons NEON

58 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE SODIUM1LOSE 1+1 PHOSPHORUS5GAIN 3-3 IONS

59 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Why is LOSING Electrons a POSITIVE CHARGE?

60 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Chlorine stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

61 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Chlorine will stabilize by GAINING 1 ELECTRON (-1 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons ARGON

62 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE SODIUM1LOSE 1+1 PHOSPHORUS5GAIN 3-3 CHLORINE7GAIN 1 IONS

63 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Aluminum stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

64 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Aluminum will stabilize by LOSING 3 ELECTRONS (+3 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons NEON

65 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE SODIUM1LOSE 1+1 ALUMINUM3LOSE 3+3 PHOSPHORUS5GAIN 3-3 CHLORINE7GAIN 1 IONS

66 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Magnesium stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons 12

67 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Magnesium will stabilize by LOSING 2 ELECTRONS (+2 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons NEON

68 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE SODIUM1LOSE 1+1 MAGNESIUM2LOSE 2+2 ALUMINUM3LOSE 3+3 PHOSPHORUS5GAIN 3-3 CHLORINE7GAIN 1 IONS

69 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Sulfur stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons 16

70 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Sulfur will stabilize by GAINING 2 ELECTRONS (-2 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons ARGON

71 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE SODIUM1LOSE 1+1 MAGNESIUM2LOSE 2+2 ALUMINUM3LOSE 3+3 PHOSPHORUS5GAIN 3-3 SULFUR6GAIN 2-2 CHLORINE7GAIN 1 IONS

72 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Silicon stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons 14

73 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Silicon will stabilize by GAINING 4 ELECTRONS (-4 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons ARGON

74 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Silicon will also stabilize by LOSING 4 Electrons (+4 Charge) ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons NEON

75 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE SODIUM1LOSE 1+1 MAGNESIUM2LOSE 2+2 ALUMINUM3LOSE 3+3 SILICON4BOTH+4 OR -4 PHOSPHORUS5GAIN 3-3 SULFUR6GAIN 2-2 CHLORINE7GAIN 1 IONS

76 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com How will Argon stabilize? GAIN or LOSE Electrons? ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

77 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com NEITHER!!! Argon is already STABLE! ■ Protons ■ Neutrons ■ Electrons

78 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ELEMENT NAME VALENCE ELECTRONS GAIN/LOSE ELECTRONS RESULTING CHARGE SODIUM1LOSE 1+1 MAGNESIUM2LOSE 2+2 ALUMINUM3LOSE 3+3 SILICON4BOTH+4 OR -4 PHOSPHORUS5GAIN 3-3 SULFUR6GAIN 2-2 CHLORINE7GAIN 1 ARGON8NONE0 IONS

79  ________________ electrons, atoms want to become ____________, filling up their outer ____________.  ________________ electrons, _________ electrons makes them _____________, that’s the pattern of the ______________. Valence level Valenceeight MY TRENDS VIDEO stable table

80 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Can You Figure It Out? Which elements are… The MetalsThe Metals The Non-MetalsThe Non-Metals Which group is the largest?Which group is the largest? LOOK AT THE CHARGES

81 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com TRENDS OF THE TABLE Elements as Stabilized IONS Be +2 H -1 He Li +1 B +3 C -4 N -3 O -2 F -1 Ne Mg +2 Na +1 Al +3 Si ±4 P -3 S -2 Cl -1 Ar Ca +2 K +1 Ga +3 Ge +4 As -3 Se -2 Br -1 Kr Sr +2 Rb +1 In +3 Sn +4 Sb +3 Te -2 I -1 Xe Ba +2 Cs +1 Tl +3 Pb +4 Bi +3 Po +2 At -1 Rn

82 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com Sc +2 Ti +2 V +2 Cr +1 Mn +2 Fe +2 Co +2 Ni +2 Cu +1 Zn +2 Y +2 Zr +2 Nb +1 Mo +1 Tc +2 Ru +1 Rh +1 Pd Ag +1 Cd +2 La +2 Hf +2 Ta +2 W +2 Re +2 Os +2 Ir +2 Pt +1 Au +1 Hg +2 Transition Metals TRENDS OF THE TABLE Elements as Stabilized IONS

83 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com HHe BCNOFNe SiPSClAr GeAsSeBrKr SbTeIXe PoAtRn LiBe NaMgAl KCaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGa RbSrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSn CsBaLaHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBi CePrNbPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLu ThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr

84 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com HHe LiBeBCNOFNe Na MgAlSiPSClAr K CaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeAsSeBrKr Rb SrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTeIXe Cs BaLaHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn CePrNbPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLu ThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr PLAY METALS VIDEO

85 That’s why we use metals to make electrical cables! They love to LOSE their electrons! WHAT IS ELECTRICITY?

86 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com LiBeB NaMgAlSi KCaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeAs RbSrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTe CsBaLaHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAt CePrNbPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLu ThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr HHe CNOFNe PSClAr SeBrKr IXe Rn

87 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com HHe LiBeBCNOFNe Na MgAlSiPSClAr K CaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeAsSeBrKr Rb SrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTeIXe Cs BaLaHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn LaCePrNbPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLu AcThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr PLAY NON-METALS VIDEO

88 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com HHe LiBeCNOFNe Na MgAlPSClAr K CaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaSeBrKr Rb SrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnIXe Cs BaLaHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBi At Rn CePrNbPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLu ThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr B Si GeAs SbTe Po

89 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com HHe LiBeBCNOFNe Na MgAlSiPSClAr K CaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeAsSeBrKr Rb SrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTeIXe Cs BaLaHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn CePrNbPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLu ThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr PLAY SEMI-METALS VIDEO

90 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com The Main Groups Metals LOSE Electrons called CATIONSMetals LOSE Electrons called CATIONS Non-Metals GAIN Electrons called ANIONSNon-Metals GAIN Electrons called ANIONS Semi-Metals can do eitherSemi-Metals can do either

91 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com HHe LiBeBCNOFNe Na MgAlSiPSClAr K CaScTiVCrMnFeCoNiCuZnGaGeAsSeBrKr Rb SrYZrNbMoTcRuRhPdAgCdInSnSbTeIXe Cs BaLaHfTaWReOsIrPtAuHgTlPbBiPoAtRn CePrNbPmSmEuGdTbDyHoErTmYbLu ThPaUNpPuAmCmBkCfEsFmMdNoLr TRENDS OF THE TABLE Elements as Stabilized Ions ■ Metal (CATION) ■ Semi-Metal ■ Non-Metal (ANION) ■ Metal (CATION) ■ Semi-Metal ■ Non-Metal (ANION)

92 ± ± TRENDS OF THE TABLE Elements as Stabilized Ions ■ Metal (CATION) ■ Semi-Metal ■ Non-Metal (ANION) ■ Metal (CATION) ■ Semi-Metal ■ Non-Metal (ANION)

93 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com H -1 He Li +1 Be +2 B +3 C -4 N -3 O -2 F -1 Ne Na +1 Mg +2 Al +3 Si ±4 P -3 S -2 Cl -1 Ar K +1 Ca +2 Sc +2 Ti +2 V +2 Cr Mn +2 Fe +2 Co +2 Ni +2 CuZn +2 Ga +3 Ge +4 As -3 Se -2 Br -1 Kr Rb +1 Sr +2 Y +2 Zr +2 Nb +1 Mo +1 Tc +2 Ru +1 Rh +1 PdAg +1 Cd +2 In +3 Sn +4 Sb +5 Te -2 I -1 Xe Cs +1 Ba +2 La +2 Hf +2 Ta +2 W +2 Re +2 Os +2 Ir +2 Pt +1 Au +1 Hg +2 Tl +3 Pb +4 Bi +3 Po +2 At -1 Rn Ce +2 Pr +2 Nb +2 Pm +2 Sm +2 Eu +2 Gd +2 Tb +2 Dy +2 Ho +2 Er +2 Tm +2 Yb +2 Lu +2 Th +2 Pa +2 U +2 Np +2 Pu +2 Am +2 Cm +2 Bk +2 Cf +2 Es +2 Fm +2 Md +2 No +2 Lr +2 TRENDS OF THE TABLE Elements as Stabilized Ions ■ Metal (CATION) ■ Semi-Metal ■ Non-Metal (ANION) ■ Metal (CATION) ■ Semi-Metal ■ Non-Metal (ANION)

94 Copyright 2011 CreativeChemistryLessons.comCreativeChemistryLessons.com ±4± PERIODIC TRENDS

95 LESSON SUMMARY  Identify the Idea. The concept we learned in chemistry today was __________, which is…  Give a example of the idea. For instance, _____ is a good example of concept is example because…  Explain additional details of your example. Furthermore, example shows details because it demonstrates…


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