2Unbalanced Forces Newton’s Second Law requires a net force. One or more forces act on an objectForces are vectors that can be addedAdd all vector forces acting on a object.If the sum is zero – equilibrium.If the sum is not zero – net force.
3Force Vectors Force is a vector. A block sliding on an inclined plane has forces acting on it.We know there is a force of gravity and normal force.mq
4Force Diagram Draw the forces acting on the block. The force of gravity points down with magnitude Fg=mg.The normal force points away from the surface of the inclined plane.mq
5Force DiagramDraw components of the forces so the vectors can be added.The coordinates should point along the surface.The normal force is unknownThe motion will be along the surfaceThe components of Fg are compared to the surface.mq
6Net Force The block stays along the plane. Solve for the normal force: No motion or acceleration away from the surfaceNo force in that componentSolve for the normal force:Solve for the net force:mq
7Motion from Force The net force causes the block to accelerate. The amount of acceleration is force divided by mass.This is a constant acceleration moving the block.mq
8Inclined PlanePushing a block up an incline is easier than lifting.To get constant velocity a force equal to the downward acceleration must be applied.mqnext