Presentation on theme: "HOPE YOU ENJOY. There are five kingdom. These five kingdoms are fish,amphibian,reptile, birds, mammals. 1.FISHJELLYFISH 2. AMPHIBIANFROG 3. REPTILESNAKE."— Presentation transcript:
There are five kingdom. These five kingdoms are fish,amphibian,reptile, birds, mammals. 1.FISHJELLYFISH 2. AMPHIBIANFROG 3. REPTILESNAKE 4. BIRDPARROT 5. MAMMALHORSE
Invertebrates are animal species that do not have backbone. Familiar examples of invertebrates include insects, worms, clams, crabs, octopus, snails, and starfish. Taxonomically speaking "invertebrate" is no more than a term of convenience. The vast majority of animal species are invertebrates, since only about 3% of animal species include a vertebral column in their anatomy.  In other words all animals except those in the chordate subphylum Vertebrata (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals) are regarded as invertebrates. The division of the entire Kingdom Animalia into vertebrates (about 40000 species in part of one phylum) and invertebrates certainly is convenient in some practical contexts, but to put it into taxonomic perspective, it is roughly on the same scale as dividing the animal kingdom into Gastropoda (perhaps 60000 species in part of one phylum) and non-Gastropoda; worthwhile only in certain constrained contexts.
FISH Cold blooded vertebrate animals that live in water and use gills to obtain oxygen. Fish live in both fresh and salt water and can be found all over the world, except in some very hot larval springs and the Dead Sea because it is too salty
AMPHIBIAN Cold blooded vertebrate animals that generally spend their larval or tadpole stage in fresh water. They do not transfer to the land until they are mature, returning to the water to breed. Amphibians were the first animals to venture on to land. They emerged from the oceans over 300 million years ago. Frogs, toads and salamanders are amphibians
REPTILE Cold blooded vertebrates. This means they cannot maintain a body temperature much different than their environment. Most reptiles lay eggs with hard shells. Young fully formed reptiles hatch from the eggs. Reptiles usually lay their eggs in sand. Some snakes and lizards retain their eggs in their body and give birth to live young. Young reptiles have to care for themselves from the time they hatch. A reptile's skin is usually covered with scales. Reptiles have been on earth for over 300 million years - that is a very long tim E.
BIRDS Warm blooded vertebrate animals with wings and bodies covered with feathers for warmth and to help them to fly. Birds have lungs for breathing and a heart with four chambers. All adult birds are covered in feathers even though some are born naked. The female lays the eggs and the young hatch from these. The young are cared for by the adult birds until they are old enough to fend for themselves.
MAMMALS Warm blooded vertebrate animals which have hair or fur. Retain the young in their bodies until they are ready to be born. When the young are born they are fed by the mother on milk. Mammals have a highly developed nervous system. They live on land and in the sea. There is a very wide range of types in this group. The largest mammal is the blue whale which often exceeds 30m in length. Shrews, mice and mice which are the smallest are often less than 5cm, excluding their tail. Human beings are mammals.
JELLYFISH Jellyfish are invertebrates, which, together with corals, gorgonians and anemones belong to a group called the cnidarians (knidé = nettle, from the Greek). This animal group has stinging cells which they use both to capture their prey and also as a form of defence. These cells contain a capsule in the interior of which there is a rolled up filament and a poison. A prey animal makes contact with the surface of the jellyfish, the capsule opens and the filaments are ejected and stick into the prey, injecting their poison
WORMS Worms can eat their weight in soil each day. Over 1 million worms may be present in one acre of soil, and these worms can produce 700 pounds of castings each day. Two thousand red worms in a worm bin can produce 7 pounds of castings in one month. 2. Worms do not have teeth. Their food is softened by moisture or by microorganisms which break it down. Food is further broken down in the worms' gizzard, which contains hard particles and muscles which grind ingested food.
MOLLUSKS There are 80,000 species of living mollusks, classified in Gastropoda (snails and slugs), Bivalvia (clams, oysters and scallops), Cepahlopoda (squids, cuttlefish and octopuses), Scaphopoda, Polyplacophora (chitons), Aplacophora, Monoplacophora, Caudofoveata. Because most mollusks have hard shells, many were fossilized, and over 35,000 fossil species are known.Each female of sea snail produces about 2,000 egg capsules and each capsule contains about 1,000 eggs.
Some examples of arthropods are insects, lobsters, and spiders. This is the largest phylum of animals. Arthropod also have bodies that are divided into separate parts. Arthropods get oxygen in many ways. Lobsters have gills. Grasshopper have special tubes that carry air through their bodies. Spiders breathe with organs called book lungs.
DICHOTOMOUS KEY A tool used in plant or animal identification. The dichotomous key is a series of questions, and each question is a choice between two characteristics. The identity of an organism is determined through the process of eliminating characteristics that do not apply to it
MOSSES Mosses are small, soft plants that are typically 1–10 cm (0.4–4 in) tall, though some species are much larger. They commonly grow close together in clumps or mats in damp or shady locations. They do not have flowers or seeds, and their simple leaves cover the thin wiry stems. At certain times mosses produce spore capsules which may appear as beak-like capsules borne aloft on thin stalks.plantsseedsleavesspore There are approximately 12,000 species of moss classified
CONIFERS Conifers or softwoods are classed as gymnosperms or plants with naked seeds not enclosed in an ovary. These seed "fruits" are considered more primitive than hardwoods. Conifers may or may not lose their "needles" annually but most are evergreen. The foliage is usually narrow and sharp-pointed needles or small and scale-like leaves. Studying the needle is the best way to identify a conifer.
A fungus is a member of a large group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds (British English: moulds), as well as the more familiar mushrooms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, Fungi, which is separate from plants, animals, and bacteria. One major difference is that fungal cells have cell walls that contain chitin, unlike the cell walls of plants, which contain cellulose. These and other differences show that the fungi form a single group of related organisms.
Protists are a diverse group of eukaryotic microorganisms. Historically, protists were treated as the kingdom Protista, which includes mostly unicellular organisms that do not fit into the other kingdoms, but this group is contested in modern taxonomy.  Instead, it is "better regarded as a loose grouping of 30 or 40 disparate phyla with diverse combinations of trophic modes, mechanisms of motility, cell coverings and life cycles"
Bacteria singular : bacterium ) constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms. Typically a few micrometres in length, bacteria have a wide range of shapes, ranging from spheres to rods and spirals. Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth, and are present in most habitats on the planet, growing in soil, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste,  water, and deep in the Earth's crust, as well as in organic matter and the live bodies of plants and animals, providing outstanding examples of mutualism in the digestive tracts of humans, termites and cockroaches.
The Archaea singular: archaeon or archeon ) constitute a domain of single-celled microorganisms. These microbes have no cell nucleus or any other membrane- bound organelles within their cells