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Modern Music 1844 - Today The Beginnings of Today’s Music and Other Stuff That Tries to be Music.

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Presentation on theme: "Modern Music 1844 - Today The Beginnings of Today’s Music and Other Stuff That Tries to be Music."— Presentation transcript:

1 Modern Music 1844 - Today The Beginnings of Today’s Music and Other Stuff That Tries to be Music

2 1844 Stephen Foster Born July 4, 1826 First popular song “Open They Lattice Love” Music was sentimental, popular before Civil War. Themes were mostly about lost love Immigrants missing their home and loved ones Lost love Appealed to the large majority of Americans My Old Kentucky Home, Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair, and Beautiful Dreamer were most well known. Died in 1864 at age of 38 and penniless Because of Stephen Foster and others America started developing its own style of music.

3 Minstrel Shows 1850-1900 White actors dressed up like black people Black face Very popular with majority of Americans Songs like Oh, Susanna, Massa’s in de Cold Ground, Swanee River. Replaced by musical reviews, vaudeville, and musical theater

4 Ragtime Pre- and Post-Civil War First known as the “Cakewalk” Dance contests where prizes were cakes Two sources of the word Ragtime Shuffling clog dance by black men known as ragging The paper it was written on was known as a “Rag” Unique blend of African and European styles Two main cities where it was made popular New Orleans, LA and St. Louis, MO Ragtime

5 Ragtime Example Back

6 Scott Joplin Best known Ragtime composer Born in Texas in 1868 Died in 1917 Son of a freed slave Maple Leaf Rag

7 African-American Influence Slaves shared their feelings through songs Negro spirituals Songs from Africa, Haiti, etc. Hardships of being slaves Origin of the “Blues” and “Rhythm and Blues” Two time periods for the Blues Late 1800s to 1930 Country/rural blues (developed into Country) City/urban blues (became Jazz) 1930 to present Louis Armstrong, Ray Charles (Instrumentalists) Lead: Swing low, sweet chariot Chorus: Coming for to carry me home Lead: Swing low, sweet chariot Chorus: Coming for to carry me home Lead: If you get there before I do Chorus: Coming for to carry me home Lead: Tell all my friends, I’m coming too Chorus: Coming for to carry me home Down by the Riverside Deep River Black Sheep

8 Dixieland Jazz 1900-1920 Started out as funeral procession music To the cemetery—slow and mournful From the cemetery—Fast and lively Started playing for dances Made up of several instruments Piano, double bass, drums, banjo—pulse or beat Two trumpets, a clarinet, and trombone—frontline (played the melody) Trumpet was main player Clarinet—obbligato or counter melody Trombone-tailgating (another from of counter melody) Improvisation—play what they want, never read from music Jazz Scat Cat King Louis

9 Back Next

10 Scat Cat Back

11 Jazz Moves to Chicago 1917 Storyville closed down (New Orleans) Many musicians moved elsewhere including Chicago Emphasis on soloist improvisation Most famous—Louis Armstrong Hot Five and Hot Seven Paul Whiteman—first concert in 1924 George Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue Finally considered a true art form On the Sunny Side of the Street 007 Pink Panther Take Five

12 George Gershwin Born in Brooklyn, NY in 1898 Wrote a lot of stage musicals Folk operas Porgy and Bess (1935) An American in Paris (1928) Gene Kelly starred in the film Brain tumor Died at the age of 39 Click Picture for link

13 Cole Porter Born in 1891 Lots of music for musical theater Wake up and Dream Anything Goes Kiss Me Kate (1948) Still very popular today Soon set a trend throughout the world Click Picture for link

14 Swing 1935-1950 First heard in New York—recording capital Big Band era Leaders were the soloist Often had singers along with band Black (emphasis on soloist) Duke Ellington and Count Basie White (emphasis on the band) Benny Goodman, Glenn Miller, and Tommy Dorsey In the Mood A String of Pearls It Don’t Mean a Thing As Time Goes BySomewhere Over the Rainbow Andrews Sisters

15 American Musical Theater Based on comic opera of France and Italy Victor Herbert (earliest composer) Toyland and Naughty Marietta Jerome Kern Showboat Early musicals Romantic plots with comedy and catchy tunes First movie to have animation in it was Anchors Aweigh A musical was successful if the audience left humming the tunes Anchors Aweigh

16 Gene Kelly Dances with Jerry Back

17 Musical Theater (cont.) Early shows based on songs Later shows based on story or plot Many early works based on famous literary works. Kiss Me Kate based on Taming of the Shrew by Shakespeare My Fair Lady is based on George Bernard Shaw’s Pygmalion My Fair Lady

18 Back

19 Richard Rogers First partner Lorenz Hart 30 musicals Hart dies Teams with Oscar Hammerstein (1943-1960) Sound of Music, The King and I, Oklahoma, Carousel, South Pacific, State Fair, Flower Drum Song and Cinderella Cinderella Sound of Music

20 Cinderella Back

21 Sound of Music Back

22 Musical Theater 1960-1980 Stephen Sondheim A Little Night Music, Sweeny Todd, Into the Woods, West Side Story Rock Musicals (late 60s to mid 70s) Used rock and roll as basis Tunes not too catchy, never was really popular Andrew Lloyd Webber Phantom of the Opera (Longest running on Broadway—9000+) Cats (Second longest—8000+) Resurgence of American composers Beauty and the Beast (based on Disney version) Jets Song

23 West Side Story BackAmerica

24 Back

25 Folk Music Most influential on today’s songs Tells about lifestyles and every day life Derived from immigrants Bluegrass or Hillbilly similar to British Isles Music is anonymous—handed down Street vendors, lumberjacks, sailors, pioneers, African slaves, Latino immigrants, and Europeans Johnny B. Good

26 Johnny B Good Back

27 1950s Country music becomes very popular Gospel and Doo Wop Elvis Frankie Valli Girl groups The Ink Spots and other male groups Latino music very popular for a short time Hound Dog Devil or Angel Do You Wanna Dance? Duke of Earl Dream Lover Goin to the Chapel Boy from NY City

28 60s and 70s Very political and social Funk, Hip Hop, and Salsa Rock and Roll The Beatles, Beach Boys, the Mamas and the Papas and others Elvis still rocked Early 60s had psychedelic rock Associated with hippies Splintered into Heavy Metal, Punk Rock, and others. Bye Bye Birdie Deuce Coupe Be True to Your School I Get Around Vultures

29 Bye Bye Birdie BackSincerely

30 Sincere Back

31 Vultures NextBack

32 1970s Rock/Pop Styx, Chicago, Queen, Carpenters, Bread, Eagles Heavy Metal Led Zepplin, Black Sabbath, KISS, AC/DC Outlaw Country Waylon Jennings, Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson Hip Hop Rapping Salsa Punk Rock Eagles Rainy Days and Mondays Intermission I’ll Never Fall in Love Again Help Me if You Can

33 Late 70s to 1990 Disco achieves world popularity in 1978 Rap music is developed MTV emerges Alternative music Hip hop still popular

34 1990-Today Alternative Grunge, Techno, Screamo, Gangsta rap, Bubblegum Pop Brittney Spears, Backstreet Boys, New Kids on the Block Latin Shakira, Selena and Ricky Martin Rap more popular Eminen, Jay-Z Selena

35 Modern Era As we can see, our American music we listen to today was shaped by many styles of music. It spanned over 150 years. It is still evolving. Each generation has its style of music. What will it be like in the future?

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