BUT… Tying up some loose ends on foreign policy and disarmament…
Kellogg-Briand Pact An effort to outlaw all future wars The pact renounced the aggressive use of force to achieve national ends. Permitted defensive wars No accountability
Pro-Business Foreign Diplomacy Peacefully resolved attempted Mexican government takeover of mineral and oil resources to protect American properties Winning of oil-drilling rights for U.S. companies in the Middle East
Paying off War Debts Germany was bankrupt and had high inflation Tariffs made matters worse Dawes Plan (1924)- cycle of payments from U.S. to Germany, Germany to the Allies, Britain and France to the U.S. After stock market crash in 1929, U.S. banks stopped loaning to Germany
The Great Migration Relocation of 6 million African Americans from the rural South to cities in the North, Midwest and West Poor work opportunities and discrimination prompted the migration Around 1916, when the Great Migration began, a factory wage in the urban North was typically three times more than what blacks could expect to make working the land in the rural South.
Literature John Steinbeck F. Scott Fitzgerald Langston Hughes
As I Grew Older It was a long time ago. I have almost forgotten my dream. But it was there then, In front of me, Bright like a sun-- My dream. And then the wall rose, Rose slowly, Slowly, Between me and my dream. Rose until it touched the sky-- The wall. Shadow. I am black. I lie down in the shadow. No longer the light of my dream before me, Above me. Only the thick wall. Only the shadow. My hands! My dark hands! Break through the wall! Find my dream! Help me to shatter this darkness, To smash this night, To break this shadow Into a thousand lights of sun, Into a thousand whirling dreams Of sun!
Music- The Jazz Age! The Jazz Age! Duke Ellington Louis Armstrong Bessie Smith Aaron Copland George Gerswhin
Station Learning Four Stations 1. Overview of the Harlem Renaissance 2. Art 3. Literature 4. Music What were the contributions of these leaders?
Aaron Copland Pieces that reflect the “sound of American music” “Fanfare for the Common Man,” “Appalachian Spring,” “Rodeo” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cr6CnG5dmvM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cr6CnG5dmvM
Duke Ellington Composer, pianist, and big-band leader “It Don’t Mean A Thing (If It Ain’t Got That Swing)” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W9pfsRmO-_Q http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W9pfsRmO-_Q
Louis Armstrong Jazz musician, trumpet player, singer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uB8Ucud9MzI http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uB8Ucud9MzI
George Gershwin Popular, classic, and jazz pieces Rhapsody in Blue