Today’s Focus Personal name headings Free resources Mostly U.S. But will we even need authority control in the future?
The Rise of the Discovery Layer Author and subject facets in discovery interfaces The cataloging sins that we’ve tried to hide are being brought back into the light
Importance of Controlled Vocabulary in a Linked Data Environment Linked data (Reader’s Digest version) Use Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) to name and identify resources on the web Use HTTP URIs so someone can find the resources Have the information provided by the link be useful, and provide that information using standards, like RDF (Resource Description Framework) and SPARQL Provide links to other URIs so people can discover related information --Philip Evan Schreur, “The Academy Unbound: Linked Data as Revolution” LRTS 56 (4) : 2012 “Because machines are dumb, everything must be disambiguated.” --Attributed to Gordon Dunsire in the program “Authority Control in the Next Generation” at ALA Annual Conference, June 2011
What Can We Use to Differentiate Headings? Date of birth and/or death (RDA 188.8.131.52) Fuller form of name (RDA 184.108.40.206) Period of activity (RDA 220.127.116.11) Profession or occupation (RDA 18.104.22.168) Other term of rank, honour, or office (RDA 22.214.171.124) Other designation (RDA 126.96.36.199)
Current Authors Email Organizational/Faculty websites fuller forms of name, contact info Social media Facebook, LinkedIn Colleagues at other libraries
Kühn, Elisabeth ǂ c (Intern) From Elisabeth Kühn’s LinkedIn page
Deceased Authors Can’t I just use Google? Of course you can! Thanks for your attention and enjoy the rest of the conference … Except … sometimes it works too well.
Death Indexes Social Security Death Index (SSDI) name index to deaths recorded by the Social Security Administration beginning in 1962 includes over 89 million U.S. citizen death records FamilySearch.org (https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1202535)https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1202535 GenealogyBank.com (http://www.genealogybank.com/gbnk/ssdi/)http://www.genealogybank.com/gbnk/ssdi/
Death Indexes Online Searchable Death Indexes & Records ( http://www.deathindexes.com/) http://www.deathindexes.com/ directory of links to websites with online death indexes, listed by state and county includes death records, death certificate indexes, death notices and registers, obituaries, probate indexes, and cemetery and burial records links to sites which go back farther than the SSDI, depending on the locality some sites are free, some are not
Tombstone Transcription Sites Birth/death dates, fuller forms of name Find a Grave (www.findagrave.com)www.findagrave.com USGenWeb Tombstone Transcription Project (www.usgwtombstones.org)www.usgwtombstones.org Clearinghouse of links to projects across the United States Internment.net (www.interment.net)www.interment.net
When the Trail Gets Colder Obituary Sites Google News Classic Archive (http://news.google.com/archivesearch)http://news.google.com/archivesearch New York Times (http://www.nytimes.com)http://www.nytimes.com Census Records Not only good for birth dates, but also for occupational information to use as qualifiers Occupational Registers
When the Trail Gets Colder Local Histories Internet Archive both American and Canadian local histories Online County Histories, Biographies and Indexes (http://www.genealogybranches.com/countyhistories.html)http://www.genealogybranches.com/countyhistories.html a state-by-state guide State library and historical society digital collections Google Books and HathiTrust Family Histories Family History Books at FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/)https://familysearch.org/ RootsWeb (http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com)http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com
Genealogical Sites Ancestry Library Edition (http://ancestrylibrary.proquest.com)http://ancestrylibrary.proquest.com Might be available through your ProQuest subscription billions of records U.S., U.K., & Canadian census records Social Security Death Index United States & Canada obituary collections birth, marriage, divorce, and death records from many countries Cyndi’s List (http://www.cyndislist.com/)http://www.cyndislist.com/ Categorized lists of links to: biographical sources birth/death records census records historical directories local histories newspaper archives obituaries occupational registers
Genealogical Sites USGenWeb Archives (http://www.usgwarchives.net/)http://www.usgwarchives.net/ arranged by state/county biographies birth/marriage/death records census records local directories local histories obituaries
References Marshall, L. (2012). Using Internet Resources to Research Dates of Birth and Death of Relatively Obscure Individual for Inclusion in Name Authority Records. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly, 50(1), 17-32. Schreur, P. E. (2012). The Academy Unbound: Linked Data as Revolution. Library Resources & Technical Services, 56(4), 227-237. Fields, L. (2012). Authority Control in the Next Generation. A Report of the LITA/ALCTS Authority Control Interest Group Program, American Library Association Annual Conference, New Orleans, June 2011. Technical Services Quarterly, 29(2), 138- 142.